00 SENATE CS FOR CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 465(RLS)
01 "An Act relating to employment of teachers and school administrators and to
02 public school collective bargaining; and providing for an effective date."
03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:
04 * Section 1. AS 14.20.140 is amended to read:
05 Sec. 14.20.140. NOTIFICATION OF NONRETENTION. (a) If a teacher who
06 has acquired tenure rights is to be laid off under AS 14.20.177 or is not to be
07 retained for the following school year, the employer shall notify the teacher of the
08 layoff or nonretention by writing, delivered before March 16, or by registered mail
09 postmarked before March 16.
10 (b) If a teacher who has not acquired tenure rights is to be laid off under
11 AS 14.20.177 or is not to be retained for the following school year the employer shall
12 notify the teacher of the layoff or nonretention by writing delivered on or before the
13 last day of the school term or by registered mail postmarked on or before the last day
14 of the school term.
01 (c) Notwithstanding a teacher's right to continued employment under
02 AS 23.10.500 - 23.10.550, a school district may notify a teacher of layoff or
03 nonretention under this section for the following school year for a permissible reason.
04 * Sec. 2. AS 14.20.145 is amended to read:
05 Sec. 14.20.145. AUTOMATIC REEMPLOYMENT. If notification of
06 nonretention or layoff is not given according to AS 14.20.140, a teacher is entitled to
07 be reemployed in the same district for the following school year on the contract terms
08 the teacher and the employer may agree upon, or, if no terms are agreed upon, the
09 provisions of the previous contract are continued for the following school year, subject
10 to AS 14.20.158. Except as provided in AS 14.20.177(e), the [THE] right to
11 automatic reemployment under [BE REEMPLOYED ACCORDING TO] this section
12 expires if the teacher does not accept reemployment within 30 days after the date on
13 which the teacher receives a contract of reemployment. A teacher who is on family
14 leave under AS 23.10.500 - 23.10.550 must comply with the 30-day deadline in this
15 section to retain the teacher's reemployment rights under this section.
16 * Sec. 3. AS 14.20.147(b) is amended to read:
17 (b) When a school operated by a federal agency is transferred to or absorbed into
18 a new or existing school district, the teachers shall also be transferred if mutually agreed
19 by the teacher or teachers and the school board of the new or existing district. A teacher
20 transferred from a federal agency school that [, WHICH] does not have an official salary
21 schedule or teacher tenure in the same manner as a public school district in the state [,]
22 shall be placed on a position on the salary schedule of the absorbing district; the salary
23 may not be less than the teacher would have received in the federal agency school. If
24 the teacher taught three [TWO] or more years in the federal agency school and, at the
25 time of transfer, had a valid Alaska teaching certificate, that teacher shall be placed on
26 tenure in the absorbing district.
27 * Sec. 4. AS 14.20 is amended by adding a new section to read:
28 Sec. 14.20.149. EMPLOYEE EVALUATION. (a) A school board shall adopt
29 by July 1, 1997, a certificated employee evaluation system for evaluation and
30 improvement of the performance of the district's teachers and administrators. The
31 evaluation system applies to all the district's certificated employees except the district's
01 superintendent. A school board shall consider information from students, parents,
02 community members, classroom teachers, affected collective bargaining units, and
03 administrators in the design and periodic review of the district's certificated employee
04 evaluation system. An evaluation of a certificated employee under this section must be
05 based on observation of the employee in the employee's workplace.
06 (b) The certificated employee evaluation system must
07 (1) establish district performance standards for the district's teachers and
08 administrators that are based on professional performance standards adopted by the
09 department by regulation;
10 (2) require at least two observations for the evaluation of each nontenured
11 teacher in the district each school year;
12 (3) require at least an annual evaluation of each tenured teacher in the
13 district who met the district performance standards during the previous school year;
14 (4) permit the district to limit its evaluations of tenured teachers who
15 have consistently exceeded the district performance standards to one evaluation every
16 two school years;
17 (5) require the school district to perform an annual evaluation for each
19 (6) require the school district to prepare and implement a plan of
20 improvement for a teacher or administrator whose performance did not meet the district
21 performance standards, except if the teacher's or administrator's performance warrants
22 immediate dismissal under AS 14.20.170(a); and
23 (7) provide an opportunity for students, parents, community members,
24 teachers, and administrators to provide information on the performance of the teacher or
25 administrator who is the subject of the evaluation to the evaluating administrator.
26 (c) A person may not conduct an evaluation under this section unless the person
27 holds a type B certificate or is a site administrator under the supervision of a person with
28 a type B certificate, is employed by the school district as an administrator, and has
29 completed training in the use of the school district's teacher evaluation system.
30 (d) Once each school year, a school district shall offer in-service training to the
31 certificated employees who are subject to the evaluation system. The training must
01 address the procedures of the evaluation system, the standards that the district uses in
02 evaluating the performance of teachers and administrators, and other information that the
03 district considers helpful.
04 (e) A school district shall provide a tenured teacher whose performance, after
05 evaluation, did not meet the district performance standards with a plan of improvement.
06 The evaluating administrator shall consult with the tenured teacher in setting clear,
07 specific performance expectations to be included in the plan of improvement. The plan
08 of improvement must address ways in which the tenured teacher's performance can be
09 improved and shall last for not less than 90 workdays and not more than 180 workdays
10 unless the minimum time is shortened by agreement between the evaluating administrator
11 and the teacher. The plan of improvement shall be based on the professional
12 performance standards outlined in the locally adopted school district evaluation
13 procedure. The school district must observe the teacher at least twice during the course
14 of the plan. If, at the conclusion of the plan of improvement, the tenured teacher's
15 performance again does not meet the district performance standards, the district may
16 nonretain the teacher under AS 14.20.175(b)(1).
17 (f) A school district may place a tenured administrator whose performance,
18 including performance as an evaluator under the district's certificated employee
19 evaluation system, does not meet the district performance standards on a plan of
20 improvement. The plan must address ways in which the administrator's performance can
21 be improved and shall last for not less than 90 workdays and not more than 210
22 workdays unless the minimum time is shortened by agreement between the evaluating
23 administrator and the administrator being evaluated. The school district must observe
24 the administrator being evaluated at least twice during the course of the plan. If, at the
25 conclusion of the plan of improvement, the administrator's performance again does not
26 meet the district performance standards, the district may terminate its employment
27 contract with the administrator. This subsection does not restrict the right of a school
28 district to reassign an administrator to a teaching position consistent with the terms of
29 an applicable collective bargaining agreement.
30 (g) The department may request copies of each school district's certificated
31 employee evaluation systems and changes the district makes to the systems.
01 (h) Information provided to a school district under the school district's
02 certificated employee evaluation system concerning the performance of an individual
03 being evaluated under the system is not a public record and is not subject to disclosure
04 under AS 09.25. However, the individual who is the subject of the evaluation is
05 entitled to a copy of the information and may waive the confidentiality provisions of
06 this subsection concerning the information.
07 * Sec. 5. AS 14.20.150 is repealed and reenacted to read:
08 Sec. 14.20.150. ACQUISITION OF TENURE RIGHTS. (a) Except as
09 provided in (c) of this section, a teacher acquires tenure rights in a district when the
11 (1) possesses a valid teaching certificate that authorizes the teacher to
12 be employed as a certificated teacher or as an administrator under regulations adopted
13 by the department;
14 (2) has been employed as a teacher in the same district continuously
15 for three full school years;
16 (3) receives, in the third year of any three-year period of continuous
17 employment with the district, an evaluation under the district's evaluation system
18 stating that the teacher's performance meets the district performance standards; and
19 (4) on or before October 15 of the school year,
20 (A) accepts a contract for employment as a teacher in the
21 district for a fourth consecutive school year; and
22 (B) performs a day of teaching services in the district during
23 that school year.
24 (b) In this section, a full school year of employment means employment that
25 begins on or before the first student count day required by the department in a school
26 year or October 15, whichever occurs first, and continues through the remainder of the
27 school year.
28 (c) A superintendent may not acquire or maintain tenure in a district.
29 * Sec. 6. AS 14.20.155(a) is amended to read:
30 (a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a [A] teacher who has
31 acquired tenure rights has the right to employment within the district during continuous
02 * Sec. 7. AS 14.20.160 is amended to read:
03 Sec. 14.20.160. LOSS OF TENURE RIGHTS. Tenure rights are lost when the
04 teacher's employment in the district is interrupted or terminated. However, a teacher
05 on layoff status does not lose tenure rights during the period of layoff except as
06 provided under AS 14.20.177.
07 * Sec. 8. AS 14.20.170 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
08 (c) A teacher who is dismissed under this section is not entitled to a plan of
09 improvement under AS 14.20.149.
10 * Sec. 9. AS 14.20.175(b) is amended to read:
11 (b) A teacher who has acquired tenure rights is subject to nonretention for the
12 following school year only for the following causes:
13 (1) the school district demonstrates that
14 (A) the district has fully complied with the requirements of
15 AS 14.20.149 with respect to the tenured teacher;
16 (B) the teacher's performance, after completion of the plan
17 of improvement, failed to meet the performance objectives set out in the
18 plan; and
19 (C) the evaluation of the teacher established that the teacher
20 does not meet the district performance standards [INCOMPETENCY,
21 WHICH IS DEFINED AS THE INABILITY OR THE UNINTENTIONAL OR
22 INTENTIONAL FAILURE TO PERFORM THE TEACHER'S CUSTOMARY
23 TEACHING DUTIES IN A SATISFACTORY MANNER];
24 (2) immorality, which is defined as the commission of an act that,
25 under the laws of the state, constitutes a crime involving moral turpitude; or
26 (3) substantial noncompliance with the school laws of the state, the
27 regulations or bylaws of the department, the bylaws of the district, or the written rules
28 of the superintendent [; OR
29 (4) A NECESSARY REDUCTION OF STAFF OCCASIONED BY A
30 DECREASE IN SCHOOL ATTENDANCE].
31 * Sec. 10. AS 14.20 is amended by adding a new section to read:
01 Sec. 14.20.177. REDUCTIONS IN FORCE. (a) A school district may
02 implement a layoff plan under this section if it is necessary for the district to reduce
03 the number of tenured teachers because
04 (1) school attendance in the district has decreased; or
05 (2) the basic need of the school district determined under
06 AS 14.17.021(b) and adjusted under AS 14.17.225(b) decreases by three percent or
07 more from the previous year.
08 (b) Before a school district lays off any tenured teacher, the school board shall
09 adopt a layoff plan. The plan must identify academic and other programs that the
10 district intends to maintain in implementing the layoff plan. The plan must also
11 include procedures for layoff and recall of tenured teachers consistent with this section.
12 (c) Except as provided in this subsection, a school district may place a tenured
13 teacher on layoff status only after the district has given notice of nonretention to all
14 nontenured teachers. However, a school district may retain a nontenured teacher and
15 place on layoff status a tenured teacher if there is no tenured teacher in the district
16 who is qualified to replace the nontenured teacher. The school district shall comply
17 with the notice requirements set out in AS 14.20.140 in placing a tenured or
18 nontenured teacher on layoff status.
19 (d) For purposes of this section, a tenured teacher is considered qualified for a
20 position if the position is in
21 (1) grades K - 8 and the teacher has an elementary endorsement;
22 (2) an established middle school and the teacher has
23 (A) an elementary endorsement;
24 (B) a middle school endorsement; or
25 (C) a secondary certificate with a subject area endorsement in the
26 area of assignment in which the teacher filling the position will spend at least 40
27 percent of the teacher's time or the teacher has, within the five years immediately
28 preceding the last date on which the teacher performed teaching services in the
29 district before being laid off, received an evaluation stating that the teacher's
30 performance in the subject or subjects meets the district performance standards;
01 (3) grades 9 - 12 and the teacher has an endorsement for each subject
02 area in which the teacher filling the position will spend at least 40 percent of the
03 teacher's time or the teacher has, within the five years immediately preceding the last
04 date on which the teacher performed teaching services in the district before being laid
05 off, received an evaluation stating that the teacher's performance in the subject or
06 subjects meets the district performance standards.
07 (e) For a period of three years after layoff, a teacher is on layoff status and is
08 entitled to a hiring preference in the district where the teacher had been employed. The
09 hiring preference applies only to vacant teaching positions for which the teacher is
10 qualified. If a teacher is offered a teaching position under this subsection and the teacher
11 declines the offer or fails to accept it within 30 days, the teacher is no longer considered
12 to be on layoff status and is no longer entitled to a hiring preference under this section
13 unless the teacher declines the offer because the teacher is contractually obligated to
14 provide professional services to another private or public educational program.
15 (f) Notwithstanding any provision of AS 23.40, the terms of a collective
16 bargaining agreement entered into between a school district and a bargaining organization
17 representing teachers on or after the effective date of this section may not be in conflict
18 with the provisions of this section.
19 (g) A teacher on layoff status is not entitled to be reemployed under
20 AS 14.20.145 and does not accrue leave. However, layoff status does not constitute a
21 break in service for retaining tenure rights and accrued sick leave.
22 (h) In this section, "school district" or "district" means a city or borough school
23 district or a regional educational attendance area.
24 * Sec. 11. AS 14.20.180 is repealed and reenacted to read:
25 Sec. 14.20.180. PROCEDURES UPON NOTICE OF DISMISSAL OR
26 NONRETENTION. (a) Before a teacher is dismissed, the employer shall give the
27 teacher written notice of the proposed dismissal and a pretermination hearing. A
28 pretermination hearing under this section must comport with the minimum requirements
29 of due process, including an explanation of the employer's evidence and basis for the
30 proposed dismissal and an opportunity for the teacher to respond. If, following a
31 pretermination hearing, an employer determines that dismissal is appropriate, the
01 employer shall provide written notice, including a statement of cause and a complete bill
02 of particulars, of the decision. The dismissal is effective when the notice is delivered
03 to the teacher.
04 (b) An employer that has decided to nonretain a tenured teacher shall provide
05 the teacher with written notice, including a statement of cause and a complete bill of
06 particulars. The notice must comply with AS 14.20.140(a).
07 (c) Within 15 days after receipt of a decision of dismissal under (a) of this
08 section or nonretention under (b) of this section, a teacher may notify the employer in
09 writing that the teacher is requesting a hearing before the school board under (d) of this
10 section or that the teacher is invoking the grievance procedures under (e) of this section.
11 (d) Upon receipt of a request for a hearing, the employer shall immediately
12 schedule a hearing and notify the teacher in writing of the date, time, and place of the
13 hearing. The teacher may elect to have either a public or a private hearing, and to have
14 the hearing under oath or affirmation. The parties have a right to be represented by
15 counsel and to cross-examine witnesses. The teacher has the right to subpoena a person
16 who has made statements that are used as a basis for the employer's decision to dismiss
17 or nonretain. A written transcript, tape, or similar recording of the proceedings shall be
18 kept. A copy of the recording shall be furnished to the teacher, for cost, upon request
19 of the teacher. A decision of the school board requires a majority vote of the
20 membership, by roll call. The board's decision shall be in writing and must contain
21 specific findings of fact and conclusions of law. A copy of the decision shall be
22 furnished to the teacher within 10 days after the date of the decision. If the school board
23 sustains the dismissal or nonretention, the teacher may appeal the decision to the superior
24 court for judicial review based on the administrative record.
25 (e) Upon receipt of a notice invoking the grievance procedures, the school
26 board shall immediately schedule an informal hearing and notify the teacher in writing
27 of the date, time, and place of the hearing. The hearing is for the purpose of
28 reviewing the statement of cause and bill of particulars and not for the purpose of
29 taking evidence. The teacher may choose whether the informal hearing is held in
30 public or in private. A decision of the school board requires a majority vote of the
31 membership, by roll call. The board's decision shall be in writing. The board shall
01 promptly furnish a copy of the decision to the teacher. If the board sustains the
02 dismissal or nonretention, the teacher may, within 15 days after receipt of the decision,
03 give written notice to the school board and submit the matter to arbitration under the
04 rules of the American Arbitration Association. The decision of the arbitrator is final
05 and binding on the school board, the teacher, and the bargaining organization
06 representing the teacher, if any. If the school board and the teacher agree, they may
07 waive the informal hearing under this subsection and submit the matter directly to
09 * Sec. 12. AS 14.20.215 is amended by adding a new paragraph to read:
10 (8) "district performance standards" means evaluation criteria for the
11 district's teachers and administrators that are adopted by a school district under
12 AS 14.20.149 and that are based on the professional performance standards adopted
13 by the department.
14 * Sec. 13. AS 23.40 is amended by adding a new section to read:
15 Sec. 23.40.235. PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN SCHOOL DISTRICT
16 NEGOTIATIONS. Before beginning bargaining, the school board of a city or borough
17 school district or a regional educational attendance area shall provide opportunities for
18 public comment on the issues to be addressed in the collective bargaining process.
19 Initial proposals, last-best-offer proposals, tentative agreements before ratification, and
20 final agreements reached by the parties are public documents and are subject to
21 inspection and copying under AS 09.25.110 - 09.25.140.
22 * Sec. 14. AS 14.20.205 is repealed.
23 * Sec. 15. APPLICABILITY TO INDIVIDUALS. The amendments to AS 14.20.147(b)
24 and 14.20.150, made by secs. 3 and 5 of this Act, apply only to an individual
25 (1) first hired as a teacher by a school district or regional educational
26 attendance area, including Mt. Edgecumbe High School, on or after the effective date of this
27 Act; or
28 (2) rehired as a teacher by a school district or regional educational attendance
29 area, including Mt. Edgecumbe High School, on or after the effective date of this Act and
30 following an interruption in continuous service that resulted in
31 (A) a loss of tenure rights under AS 14.20.160; or
01 (B) failure to acquire tenure rights under AS 14.20.150.
02 * Sec. 16. APPLICABILITY TO CONTRACTS. Nothing in this Act affects a collective
03 bargaining agreement in effect on the effective date of this Act.
04 * Sec. 17. EFFECTIVE DATE FOR EMPLOYEE EVALUATIONS. Section 4 of this Act
05 takes effect July 1, 1997.