00 CS FOR SENATE BILL NO. 115(FIN) am
01 "An Act repealing the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act; enacting
02 the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act; relating to administrative
03 establishment and disestablishment of paternity and establishing paternity by
04 affidavit; relating to child support enforcement; amending Alaska Rules of Civil
05 Procedure 79, 82, and 90.3(h)(2); and providing for an effective date."
06 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:
07 * Section 1. AS 18.50.160(d) is repealed and reenacted to read:
08 (d) If the mother was married at conception, during the pregnancy, or at birth,
09 the name of the husband shall be entered on the certificate as the father of the child
11 (1) paternity has been lawfully determined otherwise by a tribunal, in
12 which case the name of the father, if determined by a tribunal, shall be entered; or
13 (2) both the mother and the mother's husband execute affidavits
14 attesting that the husband is not the father and that another man is the father, and the
01 mother and the other man execute affidavits attesting that the other man is the father,
02 so long as the affidavits meet the requirements of (g) of this section.
03 * Sec. 2. AS 18.50.160(e) is repealed and reenacted to read:
04 (e) If the mother was not married at conception, during the pregnancy, or at
05 birth, the name of the father may not be entered on the certificate of birth, unless
06 (1) paternity has been lawfully determined by a tribunal, in which case
07 the name of the father, if determined by the tribunal, shall be entered;
08 (2) both the mother and the man to be named as the father have
09 executed affidavits attesting that that man is the father, so long as the affidavits meet
10 the requirements of (g) of this section; or
11 (3) as otherwise specified by statute.
12 * Sec. 3. AS 18.50.160 is amended by adding new subsections to read:
13 (g) An affidavit under (d) or (e) of this section must meet the following
15 (1) the affidavit must be executed by all required individuals; an
16 affidavit may be executed jointly, individually, or in combination of jointly and
17 individually; and
18 (2) if an affidavit is executed by more than one individual, the
19 signature of each individual must be individually notarized.
20 (h) In this section, unless the context requires otherwise, "tribunal" means a
21 court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial entity authorized by law to determine
23 * Sec. 4. AS 25.25 is amended by adding new sections to read:
24 ARTICLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
25 Sec. 25.25.101. DEFINITIONS. In this chapter,
26 (1) "child" means an individual, whether over or under the age of
27 majority, who is or is alleged to be owed a duty of support by the individual's parent
28 or who is or is alleged to be the beneficiary of a support order directed to the parent;
29 (2) "child support order" means a support order for a child, including
30 a child who has attained the age of majority under the law of the issuing state;
31 (3) "duty of support" means an obligation imposed or imposable by law
01 to provide support for a child, spouse, or former spouse, including an unsatisfied
02 obligation to provide support;
03 (4) "home state" means the state in which a child lived with a parent
04 or a person acting as a parent for at least six consecutive months immediately
05 preceding the time of filing of a complaint or comparable pleading for support and, if
06 a child is less than six months old, the state in which the child lived from birth with
07 a parent or person acting as a parent; a period of temporary absence of a parent or
08 person acting as a parent is counted as part of the six-month or other period;
09 (5) "income" includes earnings or other periodic entitlements to money
10 from any source and any other property subject to withholding for support under the
11 law of this state;
12 (6) "income withholding order" means an order or other legal process
13 directed to an obligor, an obligor's employer, an obligor's future employer, or another
14 person, political subdivision, or department of the state, under AS 25.27 to withhold
15 support from the income of the obligor under AS 25.27;
16 (7) "initiating state" means a state in which a proceeding under this
17 chapter or a law substantially similar to this chapter, the former provisions of this
18 chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the Revised Uniform
19 Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act is filed for forwarding to a responding state;
20 (8) "initiating tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in an initiating
22 (9) "issuing state" means the state in which a tribunal issues a support
23 order or renders a judgment determining parentage;
24 (10) "issuing tribunal" means the tribunal that issues a support order
25 or renders a judgment determining parentage;
26 (11) "law" includes decisional and statutory law and rules and
27 regulations having the force of law;
28 (12) "obligee" means
29 (A) an individual to whom a duty of support is or is alleged to
30 be owed or in whose favor a support order has been issued or a judgment
31 determining parentage has been rendered;
01 (B) a state or political subdivision to which the rights under a
02 duty of support or support order have been assigned or that has independent
03 claims based on financial assistance provided to an individual obligee; or
04 (C) an individual seeking a judgment determining parentage of
05 the individual's child;
06 (13) "obligor" means an individual or the estate of a decedent who
07 (A) owes or is alleged to owe a duty of support;
08 (B) is alleged but has not been adjudicated to be a parent of a
09 child; or
10 (C) is liable under a support order;
11 (14) "register" means to file a support order or judgment determining
12 parentage with a registering tribunal;
13 (15) "registering tribunal" means the tribunal in which a support order
14 or judgment determining parentage is registered;
15 (16) "responding state" means a state to which a proceeding is
16 forwarded under this chapter or a law substantially similar to this chapter, the former
17 provisions of this chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the
18 Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act;
19 (17) "responding tribunal" means the authorized tribunal in a
20 responding state;
21 (18) "spousal support order" means a support order for a spouse or
22 former spouse of the obligor;
23 (19) "state" means a state of the United States, the District of
24 Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or insular possession
25 subject to the jurisdiction of the United States; the term "state" includes a foreign
26 jurisdiction that has established procedures for issuance and enforcement of support
27 orders that are substantially similar to the procedures under this chapter;
28 (20) "support enforcement agency" means a public official or agency
29 authorized to seek
30 (A) enforcement of support orders or laws relating to the duty
31 of support;
01 (B) establishment or modification of child support orders;
02 (C) determination of parentage; or
03 (D) the location of obligors or their assets;
04 (21) "support order" means a judgment, decree, or order, whether
05 temporary, final, or subject to modification, for the benefit of a child, a spouse, or a
06 former spouse, that provides for monetary support, health care, arrearages, or
07 reimbursement, and may include related costs and fees, interest, income withholding,
08 attorney fees, and other relief;
09 (22) "tribunal" means a court, administrative agency, or quasi-judicial
10 entity authorized to establish, enforce, or modify support orders or to determine
12 Sec. 25.25.102. TRIBUNALS OF THIS STATE. The superior court and the
13 child support enforcement agency are the tribunals of this state.
14 Sec. 25.25.103. REMEDIES CUMULATIVE. Remedies provided by this
15 chapter are cumulative and do not affect the availability of remedies under other law.
16 * Sec. 5. AS 25.25 is amended by adding new sections to read:
17 ARTICLE 2. JURISDICTION.
18 Sec. 25.25.201. BASES FOR JURISDICTION OVER NONRESIDENT. In
19 a proceeding to establish, enforce, or modify a support order or to determine parentage,
20 a tribunal of this state may exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident individual
21 or the individual's guardian or conservator if
22 (1) the individual is personally served with a citation, summons, or
23 notice within this state;
24 (2) the individual submits to the jurisdiction of this state by consent,
25 by entering a general appearance, or by filing a responsive document having the effect
26 of waiving any contest to personal jurisdiction;
27 (3) the individual resided with the child in this state;
28 (4) the individual resided in this state and provided prenatal expenses
29 or support for the child;
30 (5) the child resides in this state as a result of the acts or directives of
31 the individual;
01 (6) the individual engaged in sexual intercourse in this state and the
02 child may have been conceived by that act of intercourse;
03 (7) the individual acknowledged parentage in a writing deposited with
04 the Bureau of Vital Statistics under AS 25.20.050; or
05 (8) there is another basis consistent with the constitutions of this state
06 and the United States for the exercise of personal jurisdiction.
07 Sec. 25.25.202. PROCEDURE WHEN EXERCISING JURISDICTION OVER
08 NONRESIDENT. A tribunal of this state exercising personal jurisdiction over a
09 nonresident under AS 25.25.201 may apply AS 25.25.316 to receive evidence from
10 another state and AS 25.25.318 to obtain discovery through a tribunal of another state.
11 In all other respects, AS 25.25.301 - 25.25.701 do not apply and the tribunal shall
12 apply the procedural and substantive law of this state, including the rules on choice of
13 law other than those established by this chapter.
14 Sec. 25.25.203. INITIATING AND RESPONDING TRIBUNAL OF THIS
15 STATE. Under this chapter, a tribunal of this state may serve as an initiating tribunal
16 to forward proceedings to another state and as a responding tribunal for proceedings
17 initiated in another state.
18 Sec. 25.25.204. SIMULTANEOUS PROCEEDINGS IN ANOTHER STATE.
19 (a) A tribunal of this state may exercise jurisdiction to establish a support order if the
20 complaint or comparable pleading is filed after a complaint or comparable pleading is
21 filed in another state only if
22 (1) the complaint or comparable pleading in this state is filed before
23 the expiration of the time allowed in the other state for filing a responsive pleading
24 challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by the other state;
25 (2) the contesting party timely challenges the exercise of jurisdiction
26 in the other state; and
27 (3) if relevant, this state is the home state of the child.
28 (b) A tribunal of this state may not exercise jurisdiction to establish a support
29 order if the complaint or comparable pleading is filed before a complaint or
30 comparable pleading is filed in another state if
31 (1) the complaint or comparable pleading in the other state is filed
01 before the expiration of the time allowed in this state for filing a responsive pleading
02 challenging the exercise of jurisdiction by this state;
03 (2) the contesting party timely challenges the exercise of jurisdiction
04 in this state; and
05 (3) if relevant, the other state is the home state of the child.
06 Sec. 25.25.205. CONTINUING, EXCLUSIVE JURISDICTION. (a) A
07 tribunal of this state issuing a support order consistent with the law of this state has
08 continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a child support order
09 (1) as long as this state remains the residence of the obligor, the
10 individual obligee, or the child for whose benefit the support order is issued; or
11 (2) until each individual party has filed written consent with the tribunal
12 of this state for a tribunal of another state to modify the order and assume continuing,
13 exclusive jurisdiction.
14 (b) A tribunal of this state issuing a child support order consistent with the law
15 of this state may not exercise its continuing jurisdiction to modify the order if the
16 order has been modified by a tribunal of another state under a law substantially similar
17 to this chapter.
18 (c) If a child support order of this state is modified by a tribunal of another
19 state under a law substantially similar to this chapter, a tribunal of this state loses its
20 continuing, exclusive jurisdiction with regard to prospective enforcement of the order
21 issued in this state and may only
22 (1) enforce the order that was modified as to amounts accruing before
23 the modification;
24 (2) enforce nonmodifiable aspects of that order; and
25 (3) provide other appropriate relief for violations of that order that
26 occurred before the effective date of the modification.
27 (d) A tribunal of this state shall recognize the continuing, exclusive jurisdiction
28 of a tribunal of another state that has issued a child support order under a law
29 substantially similar to this chapter.
30 (e) A temporary support order issued ex parte or pending resolution of a
31 jurisdictional conflict does not create continuing, exclusive jurisdiction in the issuing
02 (f) A tribunal of this state issuing a support order consistent with the law of
03 this state has continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a spousal support order throughout
04 the existence of the support obligation. A tribunal of this state may not modify a
05 spousal support order issued by a tribunal of another state having continuing, exclusive
06 jurisdiction over that order under the law of that state.
07 Sec. 25.25.206. ENFORCEMENT AND MODIFICATION OF SUPPORT
08 ORDER BY TRIBUNAL HAVING CONTINUING JURISDICTION. (a) A tribunal
09 of this state may serve as an initiating tribunal to request a tribunal of another state to
10 enforce or modify a support order issued in that state.
11 (b) A tribunal of this state having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a
12 support order may act as a responding tribunal to enforce or modify the order. If a
13 party subject to the continuing, exclusive jurisdiction of the tribunal no longer resides
14 in the issuing state, in subsequent proceedings the tribunal may apply AS 25.25.316
15 to receive evidence from another state and AS 25.25.318 to obtain discovery through
16 a tribunal of another state.
17 (c) A tribunal of this state that lacks continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over a
18 spousal support order may not serve as a responding tribunal to modify a spousal
19 support order of another state.
20 Sec. 25.25.207. RECOGNITION OF CHILD SUPPORT ORDERS. (a) If a
21 proceeding is brought under this chapter, and one or more child support orders have
22 been issued in this or another state with regard to an obligor and a child, a tribunal of
23 this state shall apply the following rules in determining which order to recognize for
24 purposes of continuing, exclusive jurisdiction:
25 (1) if only one tribunal has issued a child support order, the order of
26 that tribunal shall be recognized;
27 (2) if two or more tribunals have issued child support orders for the
28 same obligor and child, and only one of the tribunals would have continuing, exclusive
29 jurisdiction under this chapter, the order of that tribunal shall be recognized;
30 (3) if two or more tribunals have issued child support orders for the
31 same obligor and child, and more than one of the tribunals would have continuing,
01 exclusive jurisdiction under this chapter, an order issued by a tribunal in the current
02 home state of the child shall be recognized but, if an order has not been issued in the
03 current home state of the child, the order most recently issued must be recognized;
04 (4) if two or more tribunals have issued child support orders for the
05 same obligor and child, and none of the tribunals would have continuing, exclusive
06 jurisdiction under this chapter, the tribunal of this state may issue a child support order
07 that shall be recognized.
08 (b) The tribunal that has issued an order recognized under (a) of this section
09 is the tribunal having continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.
10 Sec. 25.25.208. MULTIPLE CHILD SUPPORT ORDERS FOR TWO OR
11 MORE OBLIGEES. In responding to multiple registrations or complaints for
12 enforcement of two or more child support orders in effect at the same time with regard
13 to the same obligor and different individual obligees, when at least one of the orders
14 was issued by a tribunal of another state, a tribunal of this state shall enforce those
15 orders in the same manner as if the multiple orders had been issued by a tribunal of
16 this state.
17 Sec. 25.25.209. CREDIT FOR PAYMENTS. Amounts collected and credited
18 for a particular period under a support order issued by a tribunal of another state shall
19 be credited against the amounts accruing or accrued for the same period under a
20 support order issued by the tribunal of this state.
21 * Sec. 6. AS 25.25 is amended by adding new sections to read:
22 ARTICLE 3. CIVIL PROVISIONS OF GENERAL APPLICATION.
23 Sec. 25.25.301. PROCEEDINGS UNDER THIS CHAPTER. (a) Except as
24 otherwise provided in this chapter, AS 25.25.301 - 25.25.319 apply to all proceedings
25 under this chapter.
26 (b) This chapter provides for the following proceedings:
27 (1) establishment of an order for child support or spousal support under
28 AS 25.25.401;
29 (2) enforcement of a support order and income withholding order of
30 another state without registration under AS 25.25.501 - 25.25.502;
31 (3) registration of an order for child support or spousal support of
01 another state for enforcement under AS 25.25.601 - 25.25.612;
02 (4) modification of an order for child support or spousal support issued
03 by a tribunal of this state under AS 25.25.203 - 25.25.206;
04 (5) registration of an order for child support of another state for
05 modification under AS 25.25.601 - 25.25.612;
06 (6) determination of parentage under AS 25.25.701; and
07 (7) assertion of jurisdiction over nonresidents under AS 25.25.201 -
09 (c) An individual or a support enforcement agency may commence a
10 proceeding authorized under this chapter by filing a complaint or a comparable
11 pleading in an initiating tribunal for forwarding to a responding tribunal or by filing
12 a complaint or a comparable pleading directly in a tribunal of another state that has
13 or can obtain personal jurisdiction over the respondent.
14 Sec. 25.25.302. ACTION BY MINOR PARENT. A minor parent, or a
15 guardian or other legal representative of a minor parent, may maintain a proceeding
16 on behalf of or for the benefit of the minor's child.
17 Sec. 25.25.303. APPLICATION OF LAW OF THIS STATE. Except as
18 otherwise provided by this chapter, a responding tribunal of this state shall
19 (1) apply the procedural and substantive law, including the rules on
20 choice of law, generally applicable to similar proceedings originating in this state and
21 may exercise all powers and provide all remedies available in those proceedings; and
22 (2) determine the duty of support and the amount payable under the law
23 and support guidelines of this state.
24 Sec. 25.25.304. DUTIES OF INITIATING TRIBUNAL. Upon the filing of
25 a complaint or comparable pleading authorized by this chapter, an initiating tribunal
26 of this state shall forward three copies of the complaint or comparable pleading and
27 its accompanying documents
28 (1) to the responding tribunal or appropriate support enforcement
29 agency in the responding state; or
30 (2) if the identity of the responding tribunal is unknown, to the state
31 information agency of the responding state with a request that they be forwarded to the
01 appropriate tribunal and that receipt be acknowledged.
02 Sec. 25.25.305. DUTIES AND POWERS OF RESPONDING TRIBUNAL.
03 (a) When a responding tribunal of this state receives a complaint or comparable
04 pleading from an initiating tribunal or directly under AS 25.25.301(c), it shall cause
05 the complaint or pleading to be filed and notify the petitioner by first class mail where
06 and when it was filed.
07 (b) A responding tribunal of this state, to the extent otherwise specifically
08 authorized by law, may do one or more of the following:
09 (1) issue or enforce a support order, modify a child support order, or
10 render a judgment to determine parentage;
11 (2) order an obligor to comply with a support order, specifying the
12 amount and the manner of compliance;
13 (3) order income withholding;
14 (4) determine the amount of any arrearages, and specify a method of
16 (5) enforce orders by civil or criminal contempt, or both;
17 (6) set aside property for satisfaction of the support order;
18 (7) place liens and order execution on the obligor's property;
19 (8) order an obligor to keep the tribunal informed of the obligor's
20 current residential address, telephone number, employer, address of employment, and
21 telephone number at the place of employment;
22 (9) issue a bench warrant for an obligor who has failed after proper
23 notice to appear at a hearing ordered by the tribunal and enter the bench warrant in
24 any local and state computer systems for criminal warrants;
25 (10) order the obligor to seek appropriate employment by specified
27 (11) award reasonable attorney fees and other fees and costs; and
28 (12) grant any other available remedy.
29 (c) A responding tribunal of this state shall include in a support order issued
30 under this chapter, or in the documents accompanying the order, the calculations on
31 which the support order is based.
01 (d) A responding tribunal of this state may not condition the payment of a
02 support order issued under this chapter upon compliance by a party with provisions for
04 (e) If a responding tribunal of this state issues an order under this chapter, the
05 tribunal shall send a copy of the order by first class mail to the petitioner and the
06 respondent and to the initiating tribunal, if any.
07 Sec. 25.25.306. INAPPROPRIATE TRIBUNAL. If a complaint or comparable
08 pleading is received by an inappropriate tribunal of this state, it shall forward the
09 complaint or pleading, and accompanying documents, to an appropriate tribunal in this
10 state or another state and notify the petitioner by first class mail where and when the
11 complaint or pleading was sent.
12 Sec. 25.25.307. DUTIES OF CHILD SUPPORT ENFORCEMENT AGENCY.
13 (a) The child support enforcement agency of this state, upon request, shall provide
14 services to a petitioner in a proceeding under this chapter.
15 (b) In providing services under this chapter to the petitioner, the child support
16 enforcement agency shall, as appropriate,
17 (1) take all steps necessary to enable an appropriate tribunal in this
18 state or another state to obtain jurisdiction over the respondent;
19 (2) request an appropriate tribunal to set a date, time, and place for a
21 (3) make a reasonable effort to obtain all relevant information,
22 including information as to income and property of the parties;
23 (4) send written notice from an initiating, responding, or registering
24 tribunal to the petitioner by first class mail within two days of receipt, exclusive of
25 Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays;
26 (5) send a copy of a written communication from the respondent or the
27 respondent's attorney to the petitioner by first class mail within two days of receipt,
28 exclusive of Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays; and
29 (6) notify the petitioner if jurisdiction over the respondent cannot be
31 (c) This chapter does not create or negate a relationship of attorney and client
01 or other fiduciary relationship between the child support enforcement agency or the
02 attorney for the agency and the individual being assisted by the agency.
03 Sec. 25.25.309. PRIVATE COUNSEL. An individual may employ private
04 counsel to represent the individual in proceedings authorized by this chapter.
05 Sec. 25.25.310. DUTIES OF STATE INFORMATION AND LOCATOR
06 AGENCY. The child support enforcement agency is the state information agency
07 under this chapter, and it shall
08 (1) compile and maintain a current list, including addresses, of the
09 courts in this state that have jurisdiction under this chapter and the appropriate agency
10 offices in this state and transmit a copy to the state information agency of every other
12 (2) maintain a register of tribunals and support enforcement agencies
13 received from other states;
14 (3) forward to the appropriate tribunal in this state all documents
15 concerning a proceeding under this chapter received from an initiating tribunal or the
16 state information agency of the initiating state; and
17 (4) obtain information concerning the location of the obligor and the
18 obligor's property within this state that is not exempt from execution by postal
19 verification and federal or state locator services, examination of telephone directories,
20 requests for the obligor's address from employers, and examination of governmental
21 records, including, to the extent not prohibited by other law, those relating to real
22 property, vital statistics, law enforcement, taxation, motor vehicles, driver's licenses,
23 and social security.
24 Sec. 25.25.311. PLEADINGS AND ACCOMPANYING DOCUMENTS. (a)
25 A petitioner seeking to establish or modify a support order or to determine parentage
26 in a proceeding under this chapter shall verify the complaint or comparable pleading.
27 Unless otherwise ordered under AS 25.25.312, or otherwise prohibited by law, the
28 complaint or comparable pleading or accompanying documents must provide, so far
29 as known, the name, residential address, and social security numbers of the obligor and
30 the obligee, and the name, sex, residential address, social security number, and date
31 of birth of each child for whom support is sought. The complaint or comparable
01 pleading must be accompanied by a certified copy of any support order in effect. The
02 complaint or comparable pleading may include other information that may assist in
03 locating or identifying the respondent.
04 (b) The complaint or comparable pleading must specify the relief sought. The
05 complaint or comparable pleading and accompanying documents must conform
06 substantially with the requirements imposed by the forms mandated by federal law for
07 use in cases filed by a support enforcement agency.
08 Sec. 25.25.312. NONDISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION IN EXCEPTIONAL
09 CIRCUMSTANCES. Subject to the provisions of AS 25.27.275 and upon a finding,
10 which may be made ex parte, that the health, safety, or liberty of a party or child
11 would be unreasonably put at risk by the disclosure of identifying information, or if
12 an existing order so provides, a tribunal shall order that the address of the child or
13 party or other identifying information not be disclosed in a pleading or other document
14 filed in a proceeding under this chapter.
15 Sec. 25.25.313. COSTS AND FEES. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision
16 of law, including a rule of the Alaska Supreme Court, at the time a complaint or
17 comparable pleading is filed under this chapter, a tribunal may not require the
18 petitioner to pay a filing fee or other costs.
19 (b) If an obligee prevails, a responding tribunal may assess against an obligor
20 filing fees, including fees that were waived under (a) of this section, reasonable
21 attorney fees, other costs, necessary travel expenses, and other reasonable expenses
22 incurred by the obligee and the obligee's witnesses. The tribunal may not assess fees,
23 costs, or expenses against the obligee or the support enforcement agency of either the
24 initiating or the responding state except as required by other law or court rule.
25 Attorney fees may be taxed as costs, and may be ordered paid directly to the attorney,
26 who may enforce the order in the attorney's own name. Payment of support owed to
27 the obligee has priority over fees, costs, and expenses assessed under this subsection.
28 (c) The tribunal shall order the payment of costs and reasonable attorney fees,
29 including filing fees that were waived under (a) of this section, by a party who
30 requests a hearing under this chapter if it determines that the hearing was requested
31 primarily for delay. In a proceeding under AS 25.25.601 - 25.25.612, a hearing is
01 presumed to have been requested primarily for delay if a registered support order is
02 confirmed or enforced without change; however, the party who requested the hearing
03 may present evidence to rebut this presumption.
04 Sec. 25.25.314. LIMITED IMMUNITY OF PETITIONER. (a) Participation
05 by a petitioner in a proceeding before a responding tribunal, whether in person, by
06 private attorney, or through services provided by the support enforcement agency, does
07 not confer personal jurisdiction over the petitioner in another proceeding.
08 (b) A petitioner is not amenable to service of civil process while physically
09 present in this state to participate in a proceeding under this chapter.
10 (c) The immunity granted by this section does not extend to civil litigation
11 based on acts unrelated to a proceeding under this chapter committed by a party while
12 present in this state to participate in the proceeding.
13 Sec. 25.25.315. NONPARENTAGE AS DEFENSE. A party whose parentage
14 of a child has been previously determined under law may not plead nonparentage as
15 a defense to a proceeding under this chapter.
16 Sec. 25.25.316. SPECIAL RULES OF EVIDENCE AND PROCEDURE. (a)
17 The physical presence of the petitioner in a responding tribunal of this state is not
18 required for the establishment, enforcement, or modification of a support order or the
19 rendition of a judgment determining parentage.
20 (b) A verified complaint or comparable pleading, affidavit, document
21 substantially complying with federally mandated forms, and a document incorporated
22 by reference in any of them, not excluded under the hearsay rule if given in person,
23 is admissible in evidence if given under oath by a party or witness residing in another
25 (c) A copy of the record of child support payments certified as a true copy of
26 the original by the custodian of the record may be forwarded to a responding tribunal.
27 The copy is evidence of facts asserted in it and is admissible to show whether
28 payments were made.
29 (d) Copies of bills for testing for parentage, and for prenatal and postnatal
30 health care of the mother and child, furnished to the adverse party at least 10 days
31 before trial or other proceeding, are admissible in evidence to prove the amount of the
01 charges billed and that the charges were reasonable, necessary, and customary.
02 (e) Documentary evidence transmitted from another state to a tribunal of this
03 state by telephone, telecopier, or other means that do not provide an original writing
04 may not be excluded from evidence on an objection based on the means of
06 (f) In a proceeding under this chapter, a tribunal of this state may permit a
07 party or witness residing in another state to be deposed or to testify by telephone,
08 audiovisual means, or other electronic means at a designated tribunal or other location
09 in that state. A tribunal of this state shall cooperate with tribunals of other states in
10 designating an appropriate location for the deposition or testimony.
11 (g) If a party called to testify at a civil hearing refuses to answer on the
12 ground that the testimony may be self-incriminating, the trier of fact may draw an
13 adverse inference from the refusal.
14 (h) A privilege against disclosure of communications between spouses does not
15 apply in a proceeding under this chapter.
16 (i) The defense of immunity based on the relationship of husband and wife or
17 parent and child does not apply in a proceeding under this chapter.
18 Sec. 25.25.317. COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN TRIBUNALS. A tribunal
19 of this state may communicate with a tribunal of another state in writing, or by
20 telephone or other means, to obtain information concerning the laws of that state, the
21 legal effect of a judgment, decree, or order of that tribunal, and the status of a
22 proceeding in the other state. A tribunal of this state may furnish similar information
23 by similar means to a tribunal of another state.
24 Sec. 25.25.318. ASSISTANCE WITH DISCOVERY. A tribunal of this state
26 (1) request a tribunal of another state to assist in obtaining discovery;
28 (2) upon request, compel a person over whom it has jurisdiction to
29 respond to a discovery order issued by a tribunal of another state.
30 Sec. 25.25.319. RECEIPT AND DISBURSEMENT OF PAYMENTS. The
31 child support enforcement agency of this state shall disburse promptly any amounts
01 received under a support order, as directed by the order. The agency shall furnish to
02 a requesting party or tribunal of another state a certified statement by the custodian of
03 the record of the amounts and dates of all payments received.
04 ARTICLE 4. ESTABLISHMENT OF SUPPORT ORDER.
05 Sec. 25.25.401. COMPLAINT TO ESTABLISH SUPPORT ORDER. (a) If
06 a child support order entitled to recognition under this chapter has not been issued, a
07 responding tribunal of this state may issue a child support order if
08 (1) the individual seeking the order resides in another state; or
09 (2) the support enforcement agency seeking the order is located in
10 another state.
11 (b) The tribunal may issue a temporary child support order if
12 (1) the respondent has signed a verified statement acknowledging
14 (2) the respondent has been determined under law to be the parent; or
15 (3) there is other clear and convincing evidence that the respondent is
16 the child's parent.
17 (c) If a spousal support order entitled to recognition under this chapter has not
18 been issued, a responding superior court of this state may issue a spousal support order
20 (1) the individual seeking the order resides in another state; or
21 (2) the support enforcement agency seeking the order is located in
22 another state.
23 (d) If, after providing an obligor with notice and opportunity to be heard, an
24 appropriate tribunal finds that the obligor owes a duty of support, the tribunal shall
25 issue a support order directed to the obligor and may issue other orders under
26 AS 25.25.305.
27 (e) Before issuing an order under (b) of this section, the child support
28 enforcement agency shall adopt regulations for issuing such an order.
29 ARTICLE 5. DIRECT ENFORCEMENT OF ORDER OF
30 ANOTHER STATE WITHOUT REGISTRATION.
31 Sec. 25.25.501. RECOGNITION OF INCOME WITHHOLDING ORDER OF
01 ANOTHER STATE. (a) An income withholding order issued in another state may
02 be sent by first class mail to the person or entity defined as the obligor's employer
03 under AS 25.27 without first filing a complaint or comparable pleading or registering
04 the order with a tribunal of this state. Upon receipt of the order, the employer shall
05 (1) treat an income withholding order issued in another state that
06 appears regular on its face as if it had been issued by a tribunal of this state;
07 (2) immediately provide a copy of the order to the obligor; and
08 (3) distribute the funds as directed in the withholding order.
09 (b) An obligor may contest the validity or enforcement of an income
10 withholding order issued in another state in the same manner as if the order had been
11 issued by a tribunal of this state. AS 25.25.604 applies to the contest. The obligor
12 shall give notice of the contest to a support enforcement agency providing services to
13 the obligee and
14 (1) to the person or agency designated to receive payments in the
15 income withholding order; or
16 (2) if a person or agency is not designated, to the obligee.
17 Sec. 25.25.502. ADMINISTRATIVE ENFORCEMENT OF ORDERS. (a) A
18 party seeking to enforce a support order or an income withholding order, or both,
19 issued by a tribunal of another state may send the documents required for registering
20 the order to the child support enforcement agency of this state.
21 (b) Upon receipt of the documents, the child support enforcement agency,
22 without initially seeking to register the order, shall consider and, if appropriate, use
23 any administrative procedure authorized by the law of this state to enforce a support
24 order or an income withholding order, or both. If the obligor does not contest
25 administrative enforcement, the order need not be registered. If the obligor contests
26 the validity or administrative enforcement of the order, the child support enforcement
27 agency shall register the order under this chapter.
28 ARTICLE 6. ENFORCEMENT AND MODIFICATION OF
29 SUPPORT ORDER AFTER REGISTRATION.
30 Sec. 25.25.601. REGISTRATION OF ORDER FOR ENFORCEMENT. A
31 support order or an income withholding order issued by a tribunal of another state may
01 be registered in this state for enforcement.
02 Sec. 25.25.602. PROCEDURE TO REGISTER ORDER FOR
03 ENFORCEMENT. (a) A support order or income withholding order of another state
04 may be registered in this state by sending the following documents and information
05 to a tribunal of this state:
06 (1) a letter of transmittal requesting registration and enforcement;
07 (2) two copies, including one certified copy, of all orders to be
08 registered, including any modification of an order;
09 (3) a sworn statement by the party seeking registration or a certified
10 statement by the custodian of the records showing the amount of any arrearage;
11 (4) the name of the obligor and, if known,
12 (A) the obligor's address and social security number;
13 (B) the name and address of the obligor's employer and any
14 other source of income of the obligor;
15 (C) a description and the location of property in this state of the
16 obligor not exempt from execution; and
17 (D) the name and address of all potential third party resources,
18 including a health insurer, that might be available to meet the requirements of
19 a medical support order; and
20 (5) the name and address of the obligee and, if applicable, the agency
21 or person to whom support payments are to be remitted.
22 (b) On receipt of a request for registration, the registering tribunal shall file
23 the order as a foreign judgment, together with one copy of the documents and
24 information, regardless of their form.
25 (c) A complaint or comparable pleading seeking a remedy that must be
26 affirmatively sought under other law of this state may be filed at the same time as the
27 request for registration or later. The pleading must specify the grounds for the remedy
29 Sec. 25.25.603. EFFECT OF REGISTRATION FOR ENFORCEMENT. (a)
30 A support order or income withholding order issued in another state is registered when
31 the order is filed in the registering tribunal of this state.
01 (b) A registered order issued in another state is enforceable in the same
02 manner and is subject to the same procedures as an order issued by a tribunal of this
04 (c) Except as otherwise provided in AS 25.25.601 - 25.25.612, a tribunal of
05 this state shall recognize and enforce, but may not modify, a registered order if the
06 issuing tribunal had jurisdiction.
07 Sec. 25.25.604. CHOICE OF LAW. (a) The law of the issuing state governs
08 the nature, extent, amount, and duration of current payments and other obligations of
09 support and the payment of arrearages under the order.
10 (b) In a proceeding for arrearages, the statute of limitation under the laws of
11 this state or of the issuing state, whichever is longer, applies.
12 Sec. 25.25.605. NOTICE OF REGISTRATION OF ORDER. (a) When a
13 support order or income withholding order issued in another state is registered, the
14 registering tribunal shall notify the nonregistering party. Notice shall be given by first
15 class, certified, or registered mail or by any means of personal service authorized by
16 the law of this state. The notice must be accompanied by a copy of the registered
17 order and the documents and relevant information accompanying the order.
18 (b) The notice must inform the nonregistering party
19 (1) that a registered order is enforceable as of the date of registration
20 in the same manner as an order issued by a tribunal of this state;
21 (2) that a hearing to contest the validity or enforcement of the
22 registered order must be requested within 20 days after the date of mailing or personal
23 service of the notice;
24 (3) that failure to contest the validity or enforcement of the registered
25 order in a timely manner will result in confirmation of the order and enforcement of
26 the order and the alleged arrearages and precludes further contest of that order with
27 respect to any matter that could have been asserted; and
28 (4) of the amount of alleged arrearages.
29 (c) Upon registration of an income withholding order for enforcement, the
30 registering tribunal shall notify the obligor's employer under AS 25.27.
31 Sec. 25.25.606. PROCEDURE TO CONTEST VALIDITY OR
01 ENFORCEMENT OF REGISTERED ORDER. (a) A nonregistering party seeking
02 to contest the validity or enforcement of a registered order in this state shall request
03 a hearing within 20 days after the date of mailing or personal service of notice of the
04 registration. The nonregistering party may seek to vacate the registration, to assert a
05 defense to an allegation of noncompliance with the registered order, or to contest the
06 remedies being sought or the amount of alleged arrearages under AS 25.25.607.
07 (b) If the nonregistering party fails to contest the validity or enforcement of
08 the registered order in a timely manner, the order is confirmed by operation of law.
09 (c) If a nonregistering party requests a hearing to contest the validity or
10 enforcement of the registered order, the registering tribunal shall schedule the matter
11 for hearing and give notice to the parties by first class mail of the date, time, and place
12 of the hearing.
13 Sec. 25.25.607. CONTEST OF REGISTRATION OR ENFORCEMENT. (a)
14 A party contesting the validity or enforcement of a registered order or seeking to
15 vacate the registration has the burden of proving one or more of the following
17 (1) the issuing tribunal lacked personal jurisdiction over the contesting
19 (2) the order was obtained by fraud;
20 (3) the order has been vacated, suspended, or modified by a later order;
21 (4) the issuing tribunal has stayed the order pending appeal;
22 (5) there is a defense under the law of this state to the remedy sought;
23 (6) full or partial payment has been made; or
24 (7) the statute of limitation under AS 25.25.604 precludes enforcement
25 of some or all of the arrearages.
26 (b) If a party presents evidence establishing a full or partial defense under (a)
27 of this section, the tribunal may stay enforcement of the registered order, continue the
28 proceeding to permit production of additional relevant evidence, and issue other
29 appropriate orders. An uncontested portion of the registered order may be enforced
30 by all remedies available under the law of this state.
31 (c) If the contesting party does not establish a defense under (a) of this section
01 to the validity or enforcement of the order, the registering tribunal shall issue an order
02 confirming the order.
03 Sec. 25.25.608. CONFIRMED ORDER. Confirmation of a registered order,
04 whether by operation of law or after notice and hearing, precludes further contest of
05 the order with respect to a matter that could have been asserted at the time of
07 Sec. 25.25.609. PROCEDURE TO REGISTER CHILD SUPPORT ORDER OF
08 ANOTHER STATE FOR MODIFICATION. If a party or the child support
09 enforcement agency seeks to modify, or to modify and enforce, a child support order
10 issued in another state but not registered in this state, the party or agency shall register
11 that order in this state in the same manner provided in AS 25.25.601 - 25.25.604. A
12 complaint for modification may be filed at the same time as a request for registration,
13 or later. The pleading must specify the grounds for modification.
14 Sec. 25.25.610. EFFECT OF REGISTRATION FOR MODIFICATION. A
15 tribunal of this state may enforce a child support order of another state registered for
16 purposes of modification in the same manner as if the order had been issued by a
17 tribunal of this state, but the registered order may be modified only if the requirements
18 of AS 25.25.611 have been met.
19 Sec. 25.25.611. MODIFICATION OF CHILD SUPPORT ORDER OF
20 ANOTHER STATE. (a) After a child support order issued in another state has been
21 registered in this state, the responding tribunal of this state may modify that order only
22 if, after notice and an opportunity for hearing, it finds that
23 (1) the following requirements are met:
24 (A) the child, the individual obligee, and the obligor do not
25 reside in the issuing state;
26 (B) a petitioner who is not a resident of this state seeks
27 modification; and
28 (C) the respondent is subject to the personal jurisdiction of the
29 tribunal of this state; or
30 (2) an individual party or the child is subject to the personal jurisdiction
31 of the tribunal and all of the individual parties have filed a written consent in the
01 issuing tribunal providing that a tribunal of this state may modify the support order and
02 assume continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over the order.
03 (b) Modification of a registered child support order is subject to the same
04 requirements, procedures, and defenses that apply to the modification of an order
05 issued by a tribunal of this state and the order may be enforced and satisfied in the
06 same manner.
07 (c) A tribunal of this state may not modify any aspect of a child support order
08 that may not be modified under the law of the issuing state.
09 (d) On issuance of an order modifying a child support order issued in another
10 state, a tribunal of this state becomes the tribunal of continuing, exclusive jurisdiction.
11 (e) Within 30 days after issuance of a modified child support order, the party
12 obtaining the modification shall file a certified copy of the order with the issuing
13 tribunal that had continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over the earlier order and in each
14 tribunal in which the party knows that an earlier order has been registered.
15 Sec. 25.25.612. RECOGNITION OF ORDER MODIFIED IN ANOTHER
16 STATE. A tribunal of this state shall recognize a modification of its earlier child
17 support order by a tribunal of another state that assumed jurisdiction under a law
18 substantially similar to this chapter and, upon request, except as otherwise provided
19 in this chapter, shall
20 (1) enforce the order that was modified only as to amounts accruing
21 before the modification;
22 (2) enforce only nonmodifiable aspects of that order;
23 (3) provide other appropriate relief only for violations of that order that
24 occurred before the effective date of the modification; and
25 (4) recognize the modifying order of the other state, upon registration,
26 for the purpose of enforcement.
27 ARTICLE 7. DETERMINATION OF PARENTAGE.
28 Sec. 25.25.701. PROCEEDING TO DETERMINE PARENTAGE. (a) A
29 tribunal of this state may serve as an initiating or responding tribunal in a proceeding
30 brought under this chapter or a law substantially similar to this chapter, the former
31 provisions of this chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, or the
01 Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act to determine whether the
02 petitioner is a parent of a particular child or to determine whether a respondent is a
03 parent of that child.
04 (b) In a proceeding to determine parentage, a responding tribunal of this state
05 shall apply the procedural and substantive law of this state and the rules of this state
06 on choice of law.
07 ARTICLE 8. INTERSTATE RENDITION.
08 Sec. 25.25.801. GROUNDS FOR RENDITION. (a) The governor or a
09 designee of the governor may
10 (1) demand that the governor of another state surrender an individual
11 found in the other state who is charged criminally in this state with having failed to
12 provide for the support of an obligee; or
13 (2) on the demand by the governor of another state, surrender an
14 individual found in this state who is charged criminally in the other state with having
15 failed to provide for the support of an obligee.
16 (b) A provision for extradition of individuals not inconsistent with this chapter
17 applies to the demand even if the individual whose surrender is demanded was not in
18 the demanding state when the crime was allegedly committed and has not fled from
19 that state.
20 Sec. 25.25.802. CONDITIONS OF RENDITION. (a) Before making demand
21 that the governor of another state surrender an individual charged criminally in this
22 state with having failed to provide for the support of an obligee, the governor of this
23 state or the designee of the governor may require a prosecutor of this state to
24 demonstrate that the obligee had initiated proceedings for support under this chapter
25 at least 60 days previously or that the proceeding would be of no avail.
26 (b) If, under this chapter or a law substantially similar to this chapter, the
27 former provisions of this chapter, the Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act,
28 or the Revised Uniform Reciprocal Enforcement of Support Act, the governor of
29 another state makes a demand that the governor of this state surrender an individual
30 charged criminally in that state with having failed to provide for the support of a child
31 or other individual to whom a duty of support is owed, the governor or a designee of
01 the governor may require a prosecutor to investigate the demand and report whether
02 a proceeding for support has been initiated or would be effective. If it appears that a
03 proceeding would be effective but has not been initiated, the governor or designee may
04 delay honoring the demand for a reasonable time to permit the initiation of a
06 (c) If a proceeding for support has been initiated and the individual whose
07 rendition is demanded prevails, the governor or the designee of the governor may
08 decline to honor the demand. If the petitioner prevails and the individual whose
09 rendition is demanded is subject to a support order, the governor or designee may
10 decline to honor the demand if the individual is complying with the support order.
11 ARTICLE 9. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.
12 Sec. 25.25.901. UNIFORMITY OF APPLICATION AND CONSTRUCTION.
13 This chapter shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make
14 uniform the law with respect to the subject of this chapter among states enacting it.
15 Sec. 25.25.902. SEVERABILITY CLAUSE. Under AS 01.10.030, if a
16 provision of this chapter or its application to a person or circumstance is held invalid,
17 the invalidity does not affect other provisions or applications of this chapter that can
18 be given effect without the invalid provision or application.
19 Sec. 25.25.903. SHORT TITLE. This chapter may be cited as the Uniform
20 Interstate Family Support Act.
21 * Sec. 7. AS 25.27.020(a) is amended to read:
22 (a) The agency shall
23 (1) seek enforcement of child support orders [OF THE SUPERIOR
24 COURTS] of the state in other jurisdictions and shall obtain, enforce, and administer
25 the orders in this state;
26 (2) adopt regulations to carry out the purposes of this chapter and
27 AS 25.25, including regulations that establish
28 (A) schedules for determining the amount an obligor is liable
29 to contribute toward the support of an obligee under this chapter and under 42
30 U.S.C. 651 - 669 (Title IV-D, Social Security Act);
31 (B) procedures for hearings conducted under AS 25.27.170;
02 (C) subject to AS 25.27.025 and to federal law, a uniform rate
03 of interest on arrearages of support that shall be charged the obligor upon
04 notice if child support payments are 10 or more days overdue or if payment is
05 made by a check backed by insufficient funds; however, an obligor may not be
06 charged interest on late payment of a child support obligation, other than a
07 payment on arrearages, if the obligor is
08 (i) employed and income is being withheld from the
09 obligor's wages under an income withholding order;
10 (ii) receiving unemployment compensation and child
11 support obligations are being withheld from the obligor's unemployment
12 payments under AS 23.20.401; or
13 (iii) receiving compensation for disabilities under
14 AS 23.30 and child support obligations are being withheld from the
15 obligor's compensation payments; and
16 (D) procedures for establishing and disestablishing paternity
17 under AS 25.27.165 - 25.27.166, including procedures for hearings;
18 (3) administer and enforce AS 25.25 (Uniform Interstate Family
19 [RECIPROCAL ENFORCEMENT OF] Support Act);
20 (4) establish, enforce, and administer child support obligations
21 administratively under this chapter;
22 (5) administer the state plan required under 42 U.S.C. 651 - 669 (Title
23 IV-D, Social Security Act) as amended;
24 (6) disburse support payments collected by the agency to the obligee,
25 together with interest charged under (2)(C) of this subsection;
26 (7) establish and enforce administratively under this chapter, or through
27 the superior courts of the state, child support orders from other jurisdictions pertaining
28 to obligors within the state;
29 (8) enforce and administer spousal support orders if a spousal support
30 obligation has been established with respect to the spouse and if the support obligation
31 established with respect to the child of that spouse is also being administered; and
01 (9) obtain a medical support order as part of a child support order if
02 health care coverage is available to the obligor at a reasonable cost; the agency shall
03 consider whether adequate health care is available to the child through the Indian
04 Health Service or other insurance coverage before it orders an obligor to provide health
05 care coverage through insurance or other means; the medical support order must meet
06 the requirements of AS 25.27.063; [AND]
07 (10) act on behalf of the Department of Health and Social Services in
08 the enforcement of AS 47.07.025(b);
09 (11) establish or disestablish, administratively under AS 25.27.165 -
10 25.27.166 or through court action, the paternity of a child;
11 (12) promptly provide to the Bureau of Vital Statistics, in a format
12 approved by the bureau, any final agency decision administratively establishing
13 or disestablishing the paternity of a child born in this state; and
14 (13) act as the central registry for all child support orders.
15 * Sec. 8. AS 25.27.022 is amended to read:
16 Sec. 25.27.022. ESTABLISHMENT AND ENFORCEMENT REQUESTS
17 FROM OTHER STATES. (a) The agency may act, under the laws of this state,
18 upon requests from similar state agencies in other states that operate child support
19 enforcement programs under 42 U.S.C. 651 - 669 (Title IV-D Social Security Act)
20 to establish or disestablish paternity and to establish and enforce against obligors
21 within this state support obligations determined in other states.
22 (b) Requests from child support enforcement agencies in other states shall be
23 made by application containing the information that this state's agency requires and
24 including written authorization from the requesting state agency and the obligee for
25 this state's agency to initiate necessary action [NECESSARY TO ESTABLISH,
26 ENFORCE, AND COLLECT THE SUPPORT OBLIGATION ON THEIR BEHALF].
27 * Sec. 9. AS 25.27.040(a) is amended to read:
28 (a) The agency may [SHALL] appear on behalf of minor children or their
29 mother or legal custodian or the state and initiate efforts to have the paternity of
30 children born out of wedlock determined by the court. When the agency is a party to
31 a court [IN AN] action in which paternity is contested, it shall request and pay for
01 genetic testing [TESTS] and procedures under AS 25.20.050(f). The agency may
02 recover the costs of the tests as a cost of the court action, except that costs may not
03 be recovered from a person who is a recipient of aid under AS 47.25.310 - 47.25.420
04 (Aid to Families with Dependent Children).
05 * Sec. 10. AS 25.27.040(c) is amended to read:
06 (c) When the agency is a party in a court [AN] action in which paternity is
07 contested, the agency shall move for a default judgment in a case that meets the
08 conditions specified in AS 25.20.050(g).
09 * Sec. 11. AS 25.27.075(f) is amended to read:
10 (f) The agency shall retain the information received under (a), (d), and (e) of
11 this section for a particular employee only if the agency is responsible for establishing,
12 enforcing, or collecting a support obligation of the employee or if the employee is a
13 party to an administrative or judicial proceeding to determine the paternity of a
14 child. If the employee does not owe a support obligation or is not a party to a
15 paternity proceeding, the agency may not create a record regarding the employee, and
16 the information contained in the notice shall be promptly destroyed.
17 * Sec. 12. AS 25.27.085 is amended to read:
18 Sec. 25.27.085. SUBPOENAS. The agency, with the concurrence of the
19 commissioner of revenue, may subpoena persons, books, records, and documents to
20 (1) determine the extent and location of assets of any obligor who is
21 more than 45 days in arrears in a child support obligation established either by court
22 or administrative order;
23 (2) determine the paternity of a child under AS 25.27.165; or
24 (3) disestablish the paternity of a child under AS 25.27.166.
25 * Sec. 13. AS 25.27.140(a) is amended to read:
26 (a) If no support order has been entered, the agency may establish paternity
27 and a duty of support utilizing the procedures prescribed in AS 25.27.160 - 25.27.220
28 and may enforce a duty of support utilizing the procedure prescribed in AS 25.27.230 -
29 25.27.270. Action under this subsection may be undertaken upon application of an
30 obligee, or at the agency's own discretion if the obligor is liable to the state under
31 AS 25.27.120(a) or (b).
01 * Sec. 14. AS 25.27 is amended by adding new sections to read:
02 Sec. 25.27.165. DETERMINATION OF PATERNITY IN AN
03 ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDING. (a) Upon application from a mother, custodian,
04 or legal custodian of a child, or from a state, the agency may institute administrative
05 proceedings to determine the paternity of a child born out of wedlock.
06 (b) In order to initiate a paternity proceeding administratively, the agency shall
07 serve a mother and putative father, as appropriate, with a notice of paternity and
08 financial responsibility. The notice shall be served personally as set out in Alaska
09 Rule of Civil Procedure 4(d) or by registered, certified, or insured mail, return receipt
10 requested, for restricted delivery only to the person to whom the notice is directed or
11 to the person authorized under federal law to receive that person's restricted delivery
12 mail. The notice must be accompanied by
13 (1) an administrative order requiring that the mother, child, and putative
14 father submit to genetic testing to be arranged by the agency;
15 (2) an administrative order requiring the putative father to provide
16 financial information, as defined by the agency in regulation, within 20 days after
17 service of the notice; all financial information provided to the agency under an order
18 under this paragraph shall be held confidential by the agency, according to any
19 applicable regulations; and
20 (3) a notice of right to informal conference, to be held within 20 days
21 after receipt of an admission of paternity or service upon the parties of genetic test
23 (c) A person served with a notice of paternity and financial responsibility shall
24 file a response, admitting or denying paternity and providing the required financial
25 information, within 20 days after the date of service of the notice of paternity and
26 financial responsibility. If the putative father admits paternity, the agency shall issue,
27 within 20 days after the admission of paternity, a decision establishing paternity. If
28 the putative father denies paternity, the putative father shall submit to genetic testing,
29 as provided in (b) of this section, within 30 days after the date of service of the notice
30 of paternity and financial responsibility.
31 (d) Upon receipt of genetic test results, the agency shall serve on the putative
01 father notice of the test results and of the date for the informal conference. Service
02 of the notice shall be made by first class mail. If the genetic test results are negative
03 under the standard set in AS 25.20.050(d), the agency shall issue a finding of
04 nonpaternity within 20 days after the agency's receipt of the test results. If the genetic
05 test results are positive under the standard set in AS 25.20.050(d), the agency shall
06 issue an informal conference decision within 20 days after the agency's receipt of the
07 test results.
08 (e) If the agency issues a decision establishing paternity under (d) of this
09 section, the putative father is entitled to a formal hearing if a written request for
10 hearing is served on the agency by certified mail, return receipt requested, within 30
11 days after the date of service of the agency's decision.
12 (f) If a request for a formal hearing is made under (e) of this section, an
13 execution under AS 25.27.062 and 25.27.230 - 25.27.270 may not be stayed unless the
14 putative father posts security or a bond in the amount of child support that would have
15 been due under the informal conference decision pending the decision on the formal
16 hearing. If no request for a formal hearing is made under (e) of this section, the
17 informal conference decision establishing paternity is final.
18 (g) If a request for a formal hearing is made under (e) of this section, the
19 hearing officer shall consider the evidence applying the standards set in
20 AS 25.20.050(d).
21 (h) If a putative father who requests a formal hearing under (e) of this section
22 fails to appear at the formal hearing, the hearing officer shall enter a final decision
23 establishing paternity.
24 (i) The agency may recover any costs it pays for genetic tests required by this
25 section, except that costs may not be recovered from a person who is a recipient of aid
26 under AS 47.25.310 - 47.25.420 (Aid to Families with Dependent Children).
27 Sec. 25.27.166. DISESTABLISHMENT OF PATERNITY. (a) The agency
28 shall, by regulation, establish procedures and standards for the disestablishment of
29 paternity of a child whose paternity was established in this state other than by court
30 order if the paternity was not established by genetic test results that met the standard
31 set out in AS 25.20.050(d) at the time the test was performed.
01 (b) The agency's standards and procedures under (a) of this section must
02 (1) allow a person to petition the agency to disestablish paternity only
03 once per child;
04 (2) allow a petition to disestablish paternity to be brought only within
05 three years after the child's birth or three years after the petitioner knew or should have
06 known of the father's putative paternity of the child, whichever is later; and
07 (3) provide standards and notice and hearing procedures that are
08 equivalent to those used for establishment of paternity under AS 25.27.165.
09 (c) The agency shall disestablish paternity under this section if genetic test
10 results are negative under the standard set out in AS 25.20.050(d) and if the other
11 standards established in its regulations are met.
12 (d) If a decision under this section disestablishes paternity, the petitioner's
13 child support obligation or liability for public assistance under AS 25.27.120 is
14 modified retroactively to extinguish arrearages for child support and accrued liability
15 for public assistance based on the alleged paternity that is disestablished under this
16 section. This subsection may be implemented only to the extent not prohibited by
17 federal law.
18 (e) The costs of genetic testing under this section shall be assessed against the
19 petitioner if paternity is not disestablished. If paternity is disestablished under this
20 section, the costs of genetic testing shall be assessed against
21 (1) the individual to whom the petitioner paid or owed child support
22 payments for the child for whom paternity was disestablished; or
23 (2) the agency if there is no individual who meets the description in (1)
24 of this subsection.
25 * Sec. 15. AS 25.27.180(a) is amended to read:
26 (a) Within 20 days after [OF] the date of the hearing, the hearing officer shall
27 adopt findings and a decision determining whether paternity is established and
28 whether a duty of support exists and, if a duty of support is found, the amount of
29 periodic payments or sum for which the alleged obligor is found to be responsible.
30 * Sec. 16. AS 25.27.180(c) is amended to read:
31 (c) A decision regarding support rendered under (a) of this section is
01 modified to the extent that a subsequent order, judgment, or decree of a superior court
02 is inconsistent with the decision entered under (a) of this section.
03 * Sec. 17. AS 25.27.210(a) is amended to read:
04 (a) Judicial review by the superior court of a final administrative [AN
05 AGENCY] decision establishing or disestablishing paternity and establishing or
06 modifying a duty of support or amounts of support due may be obtained by filing a
07 notice of appeal in accordance with the applicable rules of court governing appeals in
08 civil matters. A notice of appeal shall be filed within 30 days after [OF] the decision.
09 * Sec. 18. AS 25.27.210(c) is amended to read:
10 (c) The complete record includes
11 (1) the notice and finding of financial responsibility, the notice of
12 paternity and financial responsibility, or the notice of and petition for an action
13 disestablishing paternity, as applicable;
14 (2) the request for a hearing;
15 (3) the decision of the hearing officer;
16 (4) the exhibits admitted or rejected;
17 (5) the written evidence;
18 (6) all other documents in the case, including decisions of the agency.
19 * Sec. 19. AS 25.27.230(a) is amended to read:
20 (a) At the expiration of 30 days after [FROM EITHER] (1) the date of
21 distribution of an income withholding order under AS 25.27.062, [OR] (2) the date of
22 service of a notice and finding of financial responsibility under AS 25.27.160, or (3)
23 the date of service of a decision establishing paternity under AS 25.27.165(c) or
24 (d), the agency may assert a lien upon the real or personal property of the obligor, in
25 the amount of the obligor's liability.
26 * Sec. 20. AS 25.27.250(a) is amended to read:
27 (a) At the expiration of [EITHER] (1) 15 days after [FROM] the date of
28 service of an income withholding order under AS 25.27.062 or notice under
29 AS 25.27.150, or (2) 30 days after [FROM] the date of service of a notice and finding
30 of financial responsibility under AS 25.27.160, or (3) 30 days after service of a
31 decision establishing paternity under AS 25.27.165(c) or (d), the agency may issue
01 to any person, political subdivision, or department of the state an order to withhold and
02 deliver property.
03 * Sec. 21. AS 25.25.010, 25.25.020, 25.25.030, 25.25.040, 25.25.050, 25.25.060, 25.25.070,
04 25.25.080, 25.25.090, 25.25.100, 25.25.110, 25.25.120, 25.25.130, 25.25.140, 25.25.150,
05 25.25.160, 25.25.170, 25.25.171, 25.25.173, 25.25.175, 25.25.180, 25.25.190, 25.25.200,
06 25.25.210, 25.25.220, 25.25.230, 25.25.240, 25.25.250, 25.25.252, 25.25.254, 25.25.256,
07 25.25.258, 25.25.260, and 25.25.270 are repealed.
08 * Sec. 22. AS 25.25.313(c), added by sec. 6 of this Act, has the effect of amending Alaska
09 Rules of Civil Procedure 79 and 82, by requiring the court to award costs and attorney fees
10 under certain circumstances.
11 * Sec. 23. AS 25.27.166(d), enacted by sec. 14 of this Act, has the effect of amending
12 Alaska Rule of Civil Procedure 90.3(h)(2) by allowing retroactive modification of child
13 support arrearages under circumstances involving disestablishment of paternity.
14 * Sec. 24. TRANSITION: REGULATIONS. The Department of Revenue, child support
15 enforcement agency, may immediately proceed to adopt regulations to implement the changes
16 made by this Act. The regulations take effect under AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act),
17 but not before January 1, 1996.
18 * Sec. 25. AS 25.27.166(d), enacted by sec. 14 of this Act, may take effect with only a
19 majority vote of both houses of the legislature because the court rule it amends is an
20 interpretive rule not governed by the procedural requirements of art. IV, sec. 15, Constitution
21 of the State of Alaska.
22 * Sec. 26. AS 25.25.313(c), added by sec. 6 of this Act, takes effect only if sec. 22 of this
23 Act receives the two-thirds majority vote of each house required by art. IV, sec. 15,
24 Constitution of the State of Alaska.
25 * Sec. 27. Section 24 of this Act takes effect immediately under AS 01.10.070(c).
26 * Sec. 28. Except as provided in sec. 27 of this Act, this Act takes effect January 1, 1996.