SCS CSHB 1(STA): "An Act declaring the Arctic policy of the state."
00 SENATE CS FOR CS FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 1(STA) 01 "An Act declaring the Arctic policy of the state." 02 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 03 * Section 1. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section 04 to read: 05 LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS AND INTENT. (a) The legislature finds that 06 (1) the state is what makes the United States an Arctic nation; 07 (2) the entirety of the state is affected by the activities and prosperity in the 08 Arctic region, and conversely, the Arctic region is affected by the activities and prosperity in 09 the other regions of the state; 10 (3) residents of the state, having lived and worked in the Arctic region for 11 decades, have developed expert knowledge regarding a full range of activities and issues 12 involving the region; 13 (4) residents of the state recognize the risks that come with a changing climate 14 and emerging threats to ecosystems, as well as increased maritime activity, but are optimistic 15 that the skillful application of expertise, coupled with circumpolar cooperation, will usher in a
01 new era of economic and resource development that will improve the quality of life for 02 residents of the state; 03 (5) the continuing development of the state's natural resources in an 04 environmentally and socially responsible manner is essential to the development of the state's 05 economy and to the well-being of the residents of the state; 06 (6) for thousands of years, indigenous peoples have made up the majority of 07 the inhabitants of the Arctic region, and their physical and spiritual well-being depends on 08 protecting the bountiful lands, rivers, and seas of the Arctic region; 09 (7) it is essential for the state and federal government to strengthen their 10 collaboration on Arctic issues, including coordination when creating policies and 11 implementation plans related to the Arctic, as both continue to engage in international 12 circumpolar activity; 13 (8) the state should maintain an official body authorized to further develop 14 strategies and policies for the Arctic region that respond to the priorities and critical needs of 15 residents of the state. 16 (b) It is the intent of the legislature that this declaration of Arctic policy 17 (1) be implemented through statutes and regulations; 18 (2) not conflict with, subjugate, or duplicate other existing state policy; 19 (3) guide future policy derived from the implementation strategy developed by 20 the Alaska Arctic Policy Commission; 21 (4) clearly communicate the interests of residents of the state to the federal 22 government, the governments of other nations, and other international bodies developing 23 policies related to the Arctic. 24 (c) Nothing in this Act is meant to support, endorse, or reestablish the Alaska Coastal 25 Management Program that expired in 2011 and was rejected by state voters in 2012. 26 * Sec. 2. AS 44.99 is amended by adding a new section to read: 27 Sec. 44.99.105. Declaration of state Arctic policy. (a) It is the policy of the 28 state, as it relates to the Arctic, to 29 (1) uphold the state's commitment to economically vibrant 30 communities sustained by development activities consistent with the state's 31 responsibility for a healthy environment, including efforts to
01 (A) ensure that Arctic residents and communities benefit from 02 economic and resource development activities in the region; 03 (B) improve the efficiency, predictability, and stability of 04 permitting and regulatory processes; 05 (C) attract investment through the establishment of a positive 06 investment climate and the development of strategic infrastructure; 07 (D) sustain current, and develop new, approaches for 08 responding to a changing climate, and adapt to the challenges of coastal 09 erosion, permafrost melt, and ocean acidification; 10 (E) encourage industrial and technological innovation in the 11 private and academic sectors that focuses on emerging opportunities and 12 challenges; 13 (F) maintain a strong, sustainable fisheries industry and 14 increase fisheries research and monitoring; 15 (G) continue to prepare the residents of the state for emerging 16 economic activities by using multiple education and training opportunities and 17 implementing state workforce plans; 18 (2) collaborate with all levels of government, tribes, industry, and 19 nongovernmental organizations to achieve transparent and inclusive Arctic decision- 20 making, including efforts to 21 (A) strengthen and expand cross-border relationships and 22 international cooperation, especially bilateral engagements with Canada and 23 Russia; 24 (B) sustain and enhance state participation in the Arctic 25 Council; 26 (C) pursue opportunities to participate meaningfully as a 27 partner in the development of federal and international Arctic policies, thereby 28 incorporating state and local knowledge and expertise; 29 (D) strengthen support for and collaboration with Arctic 30 Council Permanent Participant organizations that include indigenous peoples 31 of the state;
01 (3) enhance the security of the Arctic region of the state and, thereby, 02 the security of the entire state, including efforts to 03 (A) enhance disaster and emergency prevention and response, 04 oil spill prevention and response, and search and rescue capabilities in the 05 region; 06 (B) provide safe, secure, and reliable maritime transportation in 07 the areas of the state adjacent to the Arctic; 08 (C) sustain current, and develop new, community, response, 09 and resource-related infrastructure; 10 (D) coordinate with the federal government for an increase in 11 United States Coast Guard presence, national defense obligations, and levels of 12 public and private sector support; and 13 (4) value and strengthen the resilience of communities and respect and 14 integrate the culture, language, and knowledge of Arctic peoples, including efforts to 15 (A) recognize Arctic indigenous peoples' cultures and unique 16 relationship to the environment, including traditional reliance on a subsistence 17 way of life for food security, which provides a spiritual connection to the land 18 and the sea; 19 (B) build capacity to conduct science and research and advance 20 innovation and technology in part by providing support to the University of 21 Alaska for Arctic research consistent with state priorities; 22 (C) employ integrated, strategic planning that considers 23 scientific, local, and traditional knowledge; 24 (D) safeguard the fish, wildlife, and environment of the Arctic 25 for the benefit of residents of the state; 26 (E) encourage more effective integration of local and 27 traditional knowledge into conventional science and research. 28 (b) It is important to the state, as it relates to the Arctic, to support the strategic 29 recommendations of the implementation plan developed by the Alaska Arctic Policy 30 Commission and to encourage consideration of recommendations developed by the 31 Alaska Arctic Policy Commission. Priority lines of effort for the Arctic policy of the
01 state include 02 (1) promoting economic and resource development; 03 (2) addressing the infrastructure and response capacity gap in order to 04 support the Arctic region; 05 (3) supporting healthy communities; and 06 (4) supporting existing and fostering new science and research that 07 aligns with state priorities for the Arctic. 08 (c) In this section, "Arctic" means the area of the state north of the Arctic 09 Circle, north and west of the boundary formed by the Porcupine, Yukon, and 10 Kuskokwim Rivers, all contiguous seas, including the Arctic Ocean, and the Beaufort, 11 Bering, and Chukchi Seas, and the Aleutian Chain, except that, for the purpose of 12 international Arctic policy, "Arctic" means the entirety of the state.