HJR 18: Urging the United States Congress to pass the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act.
00 HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION NO. 18 01 Urging the United States Congress to pass the Improved National Monument 02 Designation Process Act. 03 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 04 WHEREAS the President of the United States may "declare by public proclamation 05 historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or 06 scientific interest" as national monuments under the Antiquities Act of 1906 (16 U.S.C. 431 - 07 433), and the United States Congress may establish national monuments through legislation; 08 and 09 WHEREAS the Antiquities Act requires the President of the United States to reserve 10 "the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be 11 protected" within the boundaries of the national monument; and 12 WHEREAS there are already 142 national monuments ranging in size from less than 13 an acre to nearly 140,000 square miles spread out across the land and water of the United 14 States; and 15 WHEREAS President Barack Obama has unilaterally expanded the scope and 16 boundaries of national monuments; and
01 WHEREAS President Obama has established 10 new national monuments since 02 beginning his second term of office; and 03 WHEREAS President Obama was responsible for the largest expansion of an existing 04 national monument when he added, by proclamation, approximately 400,000 square miles to 05 the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument in 2014; and 06 WHEREAS the establishment or expansion of national monuments without 07 consideration of the possible detrimental effects on natural resource development, commercial 08 fishing, tourism, and other industries may create considerable hardship on regional, state, and 09 local economies; and 10 WHEREAS, in February 2015, United States Senator Lisa Murkowski introduced S. 11 437, the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act, establishing new 12 requirements and limitations on the authority of the President of the United States to establish 13 or expand national monuments under the Antiquities Act; and 14 WHEREAS, under the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act, the 15 President of the United States may not establish a national monument unless it is approved by 16 the United States Congress and by each affected state or territory within 100 miles of the 17 proposed national monument; 18 BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature supports the direct involvement 19 of the United States Congress and the states in the establishment and expansion of national 20 monuments; and be it 21 FURTHER RESOLVED the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States 22 Congress to pass S. 437, the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act, so that 23 the use of Alaska's renewable and nonrenewable resources is protected and environmentally 24 responsible resource extraction and development activities may take place. 25 COPIES of this resolution shall be sent to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of 26 the United States; the Honorable Joseph R. Biden, Jr., Vice-President of the United States and 27 President of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable John Boehner, Speaker of the U.S. House of 28 Representatives; the Honorable Kevin McCarthy, Majority Leader of the U.S. House of 29 Representatives; the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader of the U.S. House of 30 Representatives; the Honorable Mitch McConnell, Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the 31 Honorable Harry Reid, Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Lisa Murkowski,
01 Chair of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; the Honorable Dan 02 Sullivan, U.S. Senator, and the Honorable Don Young, U.S. Representative, members of the 03 Alaska delegation in Congress; and all other members of the 114th United States Congress.