Enrolled HJR 18: Urging the United States Congress to pass the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act.
00Enrolled HJR 18 01 Urging the United States Congress to pass the Improved National Monument Designation 02 Process Act. 03 _______________ 04 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 05 WHEREAS the President of the United States may "declare by public proclamation 06 historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or 07 scientific interest" as national monuments under the Antiquities Act of 1906 (16 U.S.C. 431 - 08 433), and the United States Congress may establish national monuments through legislation; 09 and 10 WHEREAS the Antiquities Act requires the President of the United States to reserve 11 "the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be 12 protected" within the boundaries of the national monument; and 13 WHEREAS there are already 142 national monuments ranging in size from less than 14 an acre to nearly 140,000 square miles spread out across the land and water of the United 15 States; and 16 WHEREAS President Barack Obama has unilaterally expanded the scope and 17 boundaries of national monuments; and
01 WHEREAS President Obama has established 10 new national monuments since 02 beginning his second term of office; and 03 WHEREAS President Obama was responsible for the largest expansion of an existing 04 national monument when he added, by proclamation, approximately 400,000 square miles to 05 the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument in 2014; and 06 WHEREAS the establishment or expansion of national monuments without 07 consideration of the possible detrimental effects on natural resource development, commercial 08 fishing, tourism, and other industries may create considerable hardship on regional, state, and 09 local economies; and 10 WHEREAS the President's exercise of power under the Antiquities Act is limited in 11 Alaska by the "no more" clauses of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act; and 12 WHEREAS, in the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, the federal 13 government promised the state and people of Alaska that it would maintain in the lands it 14 manages a balance between environmental protection and the economic and social needs of 15 Alaskans and that no more land in the state would be set aside; and 16 WHEREAS, in February 2015, United States Senators Lisa Murkowski and Dan 17 Sullivan jointly introduced S. 437, the Improved National Monument Designation Process 18 Act, establishing new requirements and limitations on the authority of the President of the 19 United States to establish or expand national monuments under the Antiquities Act; and 20 WHEREAS, under the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act, the 21 President of the United States may not establish a national monument unless it is approved by 22 the United States Congress and by each affected state or territory within 100 miles of the 23 proposed national monument; and 24 WHEREAS the purposes of the "no more" clauses of the Alaska National Interest 25 Lands Conservation Act would be strengthened by the limitations placed on the authority of 26 the President by the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act; 27 BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature supports the direct involvement 28 of the United States Congress and the states in the establishment and expansion of national 29 monuments; and be it 30 FURTHER RESOLVED the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States 31 Congress to pass S. 437, the Improved National Monument Designation Process Act, so that
01 the use of Alaska's renewable and nonrenewable resources is protected and environmentally 02 responsible resource extraction and development activities may take place. 03 COPIES of this resolution shall be sent to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of 04 the United States; the Honorable Joseph R. Biden, Jr., Vice-President of the United States and 05 President of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable John Boehner, Speaker of the U.S. House of 06 Representatives; the Honorable Kevin McCarthy, Majority Leader of the U.S. House of 07 Representatives; the Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader of the U.S. House of 08 Representatives; the Honorable Mitch McConnell, Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the 09 Honorable Harry Reid, Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Lisa Murkowski, 10 Chair of the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; the Honorable Dan 11 Sullivan, U.S. Senator, and the Honorable Don Young, U.S. Representative, members of the 12 Alaska delegation in Congress; and all other members of the 114th United States Congress.