Legislature(2009 - 2010)BARNES 124

03/30/2010 08:00 AM COMMUNITY & REGIONAL AFFAIRS


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08:06:49 AM Start
08:07:22 AM Overview: Community Services Block Grant
08:54:08 AM HCR22
09:51:54 AM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ FY2011 Community Services Block Grant TELECONFERENCED
State Plan
*+ HCR 22 ALASKA NORTHERN WATERS TASK FORCE TELECONFERENCED
Moved CSHCR 22(CRA) Out of Committee
+ Bills Previously Heard/Scheduled TELECONFERENCED
            HCR 22-ALASKA NORTHERN WATERS TASK FORCE                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:54:08 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR MUNOZ announced  that the final order  of business would                                                               
be HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO.  22, Establishing and relating                                                               
to the Alaska Northern Waters Task Force.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
8:54:20 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ELIZABETH  HENSLEY, Staff,  Representative  Reggie Joule,  Alaska                                                               
State  Legislature, read  the following  prepared statement  into                                                               
the record [original punctuation provided]:                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     HCR 22 creates the Alaska  Northern Water Task Force to                                                                    
     facilitate  State  of  Alaska leadership  and  regional                                                                    
     coordination  in  the  ongoing  development  of  United                                                                    
     States'  policies  related  to the  opening  of  Arctic                                                                    
     waters.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
     As many  of you know,  the Arctic is changing.   Recent                                                                    
     warming trends  are depleting  the ice  pack by  9% per                                                                    
     decade.  NASA  has observed that the  rate of depletion                                                                    
     is accelerating  due to  interactions between  the ice,                                                                    
     oceans and atmosphere.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     The melting of the sea  ice is opening waters that were                                                                    
     previously frozen year-round.  Already, we have seen:                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
          - increased ship traffic, and it is projected                                                                         
            that the Bering and Chukchi seas will become                                                                        
            major marine highways in the near future                                                                            
          - an unannounced cruise ship docking in Barrow                                                                        
          - possibilities for new fisheries                                                                                     
          - increased access to natural resources                                                                               
          - questions of territorial rights                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
     Arctic nations like Norway,  Canada, Iceland and Russia                                                                    
     are  actively promoting  and defending  their interests                                                                    
     in  increasingly ice-free  areas.   The U.S.  is taking                                                                    
     steps,  as well.   In  your bill  packet, you  will see                                                                    
     that [U.S.]  Senator Begich has introduced  7 pieces of                                                                    
     legislation  that  deal  with the  Arctic,  and  [U.S.]                                                                    
     Senator Murkowski has introduced  2 bills, one of which                                                                    
     relates  to  crating  a deep  water  port  in  northern                                                                    
     Alaska.   The  White House  has created  2 task  forces                                                                    
     that touch on northern  waters issues:  the Interagency                                                                    
     Ocean  Policy   Task  Force  and  the   Climate  Change                                                                    
     Adaptation Task  Force.  Finally,  international bodies                                                                    
     like  the  Arctic  Council and  the  Inuit  Circumpolar                                                                    
     Council  have been  working in  this area,  as well  as                                                                    
     Alaska-based [nongovernmental  organizations] NGOs like                                                                    
     the Institute of the North.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
     As the only  Arctic state in this nation,  Alaska has a                                                                    
     unique  role and  interest in  the development  of U.S.                                                                    
     Arctic policy.   This bill  foresees the creation  of a                                                                    
     joint   federal/state   commission  that   will   guide                                                                    
     interagency  and  inter-jurisdictional actions  in  the                                                                    
     Arctic.     It   provides   an   opportunity  for   the                                                                    
     Legislature to  take a proactive  role in  shaping this                                                                    
     commission,  and in  doing so,  ensuring that  Alaska's                                                                    
     interests are strongly represented.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:56:44 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR  HERRON moved  to adopt  CSHCR 22,  Version 26-LS1622\E,                                                               
Cook,  3/26/10,  as  the  working   document.    There  being  no                                                               
objection, Version E was before the committee.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
8:57:07 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE REGGIE JOULE,  Alaska State Legislature, presented                                                               
HCR 22.   He opined  that establishing this task force places the                                                               
state in a position to look to and plan for the future.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
8:58:01 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HARRIS  expressed the  need for  Alaska to  have a                                                               
presence in  Washington, DC.   However,  the fiscal  note doesn't                                                               
include  funds  to  travel  to Washington,  DC.    Therefore,  he                                                               
proposed including such.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
8:59:57 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CHRISTINE HESS, Staff, Representative  Reggie Joule, Alaska State                                                               
Legislature, explained  that five  meetings of the  proposed task                                                               
force  are  planned:  two  in  Anchorage, one  in  Nome,  one  in                                                               
Kotzebue, and one  in Barrow.  The fiscal  note specifies $10,000                                                               
in  professional services,  which could  possibly be  used for  a                                                               
member  to  travel to  Washington,  DC,  or to  an  international                                                               
meeting.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
9:00:43 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOULE  related that  the original fiscal  note was                                                               
quite a bit  higher than the one in the  committee packet, but it                                                               
was scrubbed.  He opined that  if the committee feels the need to                                                               
include  more of  a  presence where  the  actual discussions  are                                                               
occurring then they could [include more funds].                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
9:01:54 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HARRIS opined,  "If we're  going to  do this,  it                                                               
needs to  have the ability to  be in the places  where it's going                                                               
to make  a difference."  He  said that although he  won't suggest                                                               
the change in the fiscal note  in this committee, he will make an                                                               
appearance in the House Finance  Committee regarding the proposed                                                               
task force having  the ability to make a difference.   There's no                                                               
doubt that the Northern ice cap  is decreasing and the area needs                                                               
to be prepared for more commercial  activity.  He also added that                                                               
Alaska needs to be involved with  the Treaty of the Seas as well.                                                               
Representative Harris  reiterated the need for  the resolution to                                                               
have enough financial weight to accomplish [the goal].                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
9:03:42 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR HERRON asked if the elders predicted this.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOULE   replied  yes,  there  are   stories  that                                                               
reference  growth.    In further  response  to  Co-Chair  Herron,                                                               
Representative Joule said that there  really isn't fear, although                                                               
there   are  concerns   regarding   the   potential  for   clash.                                                               
Therefore,  the  proposed  task   force  is  necessary  to  bring                                                               
awareness to the community rather  than have people at a distance                                                               
make decisions.   The aforementioned  is an integral part  of the                                                               
proposed task force.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
9:06:00 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE KELLER surmised that  the proposed task force will                                                               
pay  attention to  the formation  of  the federal,  international                                                               
commission  and   ensure  that   Alaska  has   a  voice   in  the                                                               
discussions.   He then inquired  as to what  Representative Joule                                                               
envisions in  terms of  recommendations that  will be  brought to                                                               
the legislature.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOULE  said he  envisioned some  entity continuing                                                               
beyond the  task force.  He  related his belief that  there needs                                                               
to be a  high level view of what's occurring  in general terms in                                                               
order to  determine what to  do and  what investments need  to be                                                               
made  investments  on  the  ground.    The  aforementioned  could                                                               
include partnerships and workforce preparedness.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
9:08:45 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TRACY  FOSTER,   Executive  Director,  Alaska  House,   began  by                                                               
explaining  that  Alaska  House   is  a  nonprofit  dedicated  to                                                               
promoting Alaska's issues  and its opportunities.   She noted her                                                               
agreement  with earlier  testimony regarding  the great  need for                                                               
the  proposed task  force.   She related  her understanding  that                                                               
there are 30 different federal  agencies and committees that work                                                               
to  regulate oceans  policy.   At this  point, there's  no single                                                               
state entity that works to  coordinate with the federal and local                                                               
governments.  Therefore,  it's imperative to have  an entity with                                                               
"some legs" and "some budget"  to set policy, lead infrastructure                                                               
development and planning efforts as well as policy.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
9:10:02 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
MEAD TREADWELL, Chair, U.S. Arctic  Research Commission, began by                                                               
relating that  he endorses HCR 22.   As chair of  the U.S. Arctic                                                               
Research  Commission, he  related that  the U.S.  Arctic Research                                                               
Commission has  been involved in  this issue by funding  the U.S.                                                               
government's  work  on  the Arctic  marine  shipping  assessment,                                                               
which was  signed off on by  eight Arctic nations last  year.  In                                                               
fact,  a number  of town  meetings were  held throughout  Alaska.                                                               
However,  there's no  continuing  state role  with the  follow-up                                                               
work  for  the area  meriting  special  attention (AMSA).    Just                                                               
yesterday,  the  five  foreign  ministers  of  the  Arctic  Ocean                                                               
nations met  in Canada  where they  reiterated interest,  just to                                                               
name  a few,  in  the  following:   having  a  search and  rescue                                                               
agreement for  the Arctic; having  better hydrographic  work; and                                                               
having the international maritime  organization set standards for                                                               
Arctic ships.   He reminded  the committee that many  of Alaska's                                                               
coastal and river villages receive  their goods through a tug and                                                               
barge  system, but  pointed out  that few  have reviewed  the new                                                               
United Nations  standards for Arctic Ocean-going  vessels and how                                                               
it  may impact  the cost  of living  in Alaska.   The  U.S. Coast                                                               
Guard is performing  a high-latitude study to  determine the type                                                               
of equipment it  needs in northern Alaska.  Again,  the state and                                                               
the local communities need to  be involved in the aforementioned.                                                               
The commission is publishing a  paper on which the state weighed-                                                               
in on  heavily regarding  obtaining more Arctic  oil and  ice oil                                                               
spill funding.  Speaking as a  citizen of Alaska and the chair of                                                               
the commission, Mr.  Treadwell recalled that a few  years ago the                                                               
legislature funded a study regarding  twin ports between Adak and                                                               
Iceland.   He  noted that  he  has had  conversations in  Iceland                                                               
regarding Alaska  and Iceland  together as a  tender to  find out                                                               
what  shipping companies  would  support the  construction of  an                                                               
appropriate port at each end  for Trans-Arctic shipping.  He then                                                               
noted that noise  issues in the Arctic, in  terms of subsistence,                                                               
are fairly  significant.   The insurance  industry has  said that                                                               
without  the   appropriate  ports,  ports  of   refuge,  and  tug                                                               
capacity,  the insurance  rates  won't decrease.   Mr.  Treadwell                                                               
suggested  that  after  the  issue   is  considered  through  the                                                               
proposed  task  force,  Alaska's agenda  would  be  considerable.                                                               
There  is  legislation,  the Arctic  Marine  Shipping  Assessment                                                               
Implementation Act, that has been  sponsored by all three members                                                               
of  the  Alaska  congressional   delegation.    This  legislation                                                               
establishes  a federal  process that  could result  in the  state                                                               
having   more   involvement,   especially    if   there   is   an                                                               
[organization] that is  responsible for following the  issue.  He                                                               
commended  the  members  to  read   the  Arctic  Marine  Shipping                                                               
Assessment Implementation  Act.  Speaking  on behalf of  the U.S.                                                               
Arctic Research  Commission, Mr.  Treadwell related that  it will                                                               
do what it can to support the state's efforts.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
9:14:33 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR HERRON asked if Alaska,  although it's a state, becoming                                                               
more involved with the Arctic waters issue heightens the issue.                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
MR. TREADWELL pointed out that  the U.S. [government] has said it                                                               
wants to  lead in  having a safe,  secure, and  reliable shipping                                                               
system.  If the aforementioned  is done without including Alaska,                                                               
it  won't   occur  as  well.     He  opined  that  many   in  the                                                               
administration and the proposed task  force will be able to bring                                                               
lots to  the table.   Furthermore,  there are  governments around                                                               
the world  who are  ready to  set rules.   In fact,  the European                                                               
Parliament held  a large debate  over the Arctic  Northern waters                                                               
two  weeks ago.   However,  the Alaska  State Legislature  hasn't                                                               
discussed it very much.  Mr.  Treadwell opined that it's time for                                                               
Alaska to develop  its own views.  He further  opined that others                                                               
will listen to Alaska.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
9:16:59 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOULE  interjected that Mr. Treadwell  had much to                                                               
do with  the genesis of  this concept [embodied  in HCR 22].   He                                                               
thanked Mr. Treadwell.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
9:17:58 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
BILL NOLL,  Owner, Major International  LLC, related  his support                                                               
for HCR  22.  With regard  to the earlier budget  discussion, Mr.                                                               
Noll related  that in his  experience in  international business,                                                               
the goal was  to establish value prior to the  budget.  The value                                                               
of  this resolution  is  almost incalculable.    He reminded  the                                                               
committee  that  state waters  only  extend  three miles,  beyond                                                               
which  are national  waters and  then international  waters.   At                                                               
this point,  it's a  confusing situation  in terms  of who  is in                                                               
control  as  it  has  been   said  that  there  are  30  agencies                                                               
addressing this  matter in  the federal  government and  they may                                                               
not know they  all exist.  He likened this  [proposed task force]                                                               
to  the  Magnusson-Stevens  Act,   which  established  the  North                                                               
Pacific  Fishery   Management  Council  (NPFMC)   and  ultimately                                                               
provided  a forum  where both  state and  federal officials  were                                                               
mandated to work together regarding  fisheries.  He characterized                                                               
NPFMC as  a huge  success in terms  of representing  Alaskans who                                                               
work beyond  the three miles  of state  waters to 200  miles from                                                               
shore.                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
9:21:55 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  HARRIS  commented  that  one of  the  reasons  he                                                               
supports HCR  22 is  it's the  state helping  itself.   He opined                                                               
that  having  30 different  agencies  in  the federal  government                                                               
through  which  one  will  have  to navigate  on  this  issue  is                                                               
confusing.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
9:23:19 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
DENISE MICHELS, Mayor,  City of Nome, related the  City of Nome's                                                               
support for  HCR 22.   She  told the committee  that the  City of                                                               
Nome has experienced an increase  in ocean vessel traffic in both                                                               
the  Bering  Sea and  Norton  Sound.    In  1990, there  were  34                                                               
dockings in the Port of Nome while  at the end of the season last                                                               
year there were  301 dockings.  In 2008,  three vessels traveling                                                               
the Northwest  Passage stopped in  Nome, which increased  to four                                                               
vessels  in 2009.   She  related the  various organizations  with                                                               
which the City of Nome has tracked  or worked on this issue.  She                                                               
also related  that there  are three  studies regarding  ports and                                                               
harbors that are being performed.   The U.S. Navy is conducting a                                                               
two-year study for  the deep water port its  [constructing].  The                                                               
U.S.  Coast Guard  is performing  a  high latitudes  study.   The                                                               
Corp.  of  Engineers and  the  Department  of Transportation  are                                                               
performing a  baseline survey of  ports and harbors.   During the                                                               
process, the  question arose regarding  who in Alaska  is keeping                                                               
track of all  the studies and groups.  Mayor  Michels agreed with                                                               
earlier  testimony that  all  levels of  government  needs to  be                                                               
involved, particularly those at the  local level because the laws                                                               
and   regulations   being   considered  at   the   national   and                                                               
international   level  will   directly   impact  local   [Alaskan                                                               
communities].   In  conclusion,  Mayor Michels  related that  she                                                               
looks forward to participating [with this issue].                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
9:26:05 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HARRIS highlighted  that HCR 22 taps  the mayor of                                                               
Nome to be part  of the task force.  He asked if  she's up to the                                                               
task.                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
MAYOR MICHAELS replied yes.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
9:26:36 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
TOM  OKLEASIK,  Planning   Director,  Northwest  Arctic  Borough,                                                               
related the  Northwest Arctic Borough's  support for HCR 22.   He                                                               
reminded  the  committee  that  Arctic is  home  to  the  Inupiaq                                                               
people,  with interrelations  across  the  region and  countries.                                                               
Furthermore,  the Inupiaq  people  are closely  connected to  the                                                               
environment.    Changing  climate and  global  economic  interest                                                               
cause the  Arctic to be  viewed in  a new light,  particularly in                                                               
terms  of marine  accessibility as  well as  the exploration  and                                                               
exploitation  of  natural resources  onshore  and  offshore.   He                                                               
opined  that   in  general   there's  a   lack  of   science  and                                                               
understanding of  the unique Arctic environment.   Therefore, the                                                               
state  and  federal  policy  and  permit  decisions  need  to  be                                                               
cautionary.   At  this point,  any development  needs to  be done                                                               
correctly  and  in partnership  with  the  Inuit.   Mr.  Okleasik                                                               
pointed  out  that  there  are many  past  mistakes  with  Arctic                                                               
development that need  to be acknowledged and from  which one can                                                               
learn.   He  highlighted  that  the Arctic  is  one  of the  last                                                               
pristine  environments in  the  world, and  thus  the task  force                                                               
needs to  include indigenous people, including  the Eskimo Walrus                                                               
Commission,  the  Alaska  Eskimo Whaling  Commission,  the  Nanuk                                                               
Commission, and others that would  have an important voice in the                                                               
process.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
MR. OKLEASIK,  in the way  of background, informed  the committee                                                               
that both  the Northwest Arctic  Borough and North  Slope Borough                                                               
Planning  Commissions  have  held   a  joint  strategic  planning                                                               
session  over  the  past  year.     One  of  the  priorities,  in                                                               
recognition  of  the  Arctic  development  is  to  map  high  use                                                               
subsistence use  areas and define  deferral development  areas in                                                               
order to achieve balanced development.   Both commissions realize                                                               
the need to boost their Arctic  economies, in terms of both their                                                               
cash  and subsistence  economies.   The  aforementioned was  also                                                               
supported by the  Arctic Economic Development Summit,  which is a                                                               
summit in which both boroughs  participate.  Mr. Okleasik related                                                               
that there is recognition of  infrastructure needs, including the                                                               
development of  ports in multiple  locations.  He  then expressed                                                               
the need  for an energy  policy in order  that the region  can be                                                               
energy independent while contributing to  the energy needs of the                                                               
U.S.   At  the same,  there needs  to be  wildlife protection  to                                                               
ensure that the  subsistence economy is protected  and thrives in                                                               
the  future.     In  conclusion,  Mr.   Okleasik  reiterated  the                                                               
Northwest  Arctic Borough's  support for  HCR 22,  but encouraged                                                               
amendments  to  achieve  better  involvement  of  the  indigenous                                                               
people of the Arctic.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
9:30:47 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
BOBBY  SCHAEFER,  Public   Services  Director,  Northwest  Arctic                                                               
Borough, began  by characterizing HCR  22 as a stepping  stone in                                                               
the  right  direction.   There  is  very little  scientific  data                                                               
regarding the Arctic ecosystem.   He related that over the course                                                               
of  the last  six  to  seven years,  the  Kotzebue  IRA has  been                                                               
tagging  the bearded  seal to  track  its movement.   The  Beluga                                                               
Commission has  been tagging Beluga  whales in order to  know the                                                               
areas they  frequent throughout the  year.  He explained  that he                                                               
mentioned  the  aforementioned tagging  in  order  to relate  the                                                               
concern for the  wildlife.  He noted that these  are animals upon                                                               
which the  people in the area  utilize to survive.   The concern,                                                               
he expressed,  is that the  increased traffic due to  the opening                                                               
up  of  the  Northwest  Arctic   passage  will  impact  wildlife.                                                               
However, the extent of the impact  is unknown, which is why he is                                                               
pushing for the  work [in the Arctic region] to  begin as soon as                                                               
possible.  Mr. Schaeffer then reiterated  support for HCR 22.  He                                                               
concluded  by   relating  his  belief   that  the   Alaska  Inuit                                                               
Circumpolar  Conference  should  have  a  representative  on  the                                                               
proposed task force.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
9:33:33 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
KATIE  BALDWIN, Alaska  House,  began by  relating  that she  was                                                               
originally from  Bethel, Alaska.   She  then related  that Alaska                                                               
House,  which  is a  resource  to  connect Washington,  D.C.  and                                                               
Alaska, recently  hosted a  discussion on  the issues  of melting                                                               
Arctic ice  and increased shipping  traffic.  She opined  that it                                                               
has been eye-opening to participate  in these discussions.  These                                                               
shipping routes are opening and  without planning ahead, Alaska's                                                               
coastlines and  people will  be taken  advantage of.   Therefore,                                                               
establishing   this    infrastructure   protects    the   state's                                                               
coastlines, monitors  the ecological effects, and  takes measures                                                               
to   protect  the   state's  environment.     Ms.   Baldwin  also                                                               
characterized this  as an  opportunity for  economic development,                                                               
particularly in terms  of seasonal work.  Therefore,  it's in the                                                               
best interest of  Alaskans to hear about these jobs  first and to                                                               
be trained  to fill the  jobs.   The aforementioned may  mean the                                                               
need  for  training  programs,  which  she  opined  can't  happen                                                               
without  the proposed  Alaska  Northern Waters  Task  Force.   In                                                               
conclusion,  Ms. Baldwin  related  her support  for the  proposed                                                               
task force.                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
9:35:27 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR HERRON inquired  as to what Ms. Baldwin  tells people in                                                               
New  York  in terms  of  describing  the  impact of  opening  the                                                               
Northern waters.                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
MS. BALDWIN  answered that it  begins by describing  the [Bethel]                                                               
area as  it's foreign  to [those  in the Lower  48].   People are                                                               
shocked  that  Bethel  isn't  on  the  road  system.    She  also                                                               
expressed the need  to discuss the subsistence  lifestyle and its                                                               
importance  to the  Yupik  people  in the  area  as  well as  the                                                               
importance  of non  Alaska Natives  to be  able to  live off  the                                                               
land.   She opined that  people [in the  Lower 48] can  relate to                                                               
the  fact that  the  area  is unique  and  is  part of  America's                                                               
heritage.  She  further opined that people [in the  Lower 48] are                                                               
willing to protect the aforementioned.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
9:38:08 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
ANDERW  MACK,  Assistant,  Office   of  the  Mayor,  North  Slope                                                               
Borough, speaking  on behalf of  North Slope Borough  Mayor Itta,                                                               
related that the North Slope  Borough shares many of the concerns                                                               
expressed in HCR  22.  Specifically, the Arctic Ocean  ice cap is                                                               
rapidly melting and  the effects of the  aforementioned and other                                                               
symptoms of climate  change are already being  experienced in the                                                               
surrounding communities and wildlife  populations.  For instance,                                                               
coast  erosion  has   accelerated,  wildlife  migration  patterns                                                               
appear to  be changing, and  numerous species are  migrating into                                                               
Northern  waters  for the  first  time.   Moreover,  cruise  ship                                                               
activities  are expected  to increase  and commercial  fishing is                                                               
being contemplated in the Northern  waters.  He characterized the                                                               
Arctic as ground zero for climate change.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
MR. MACK  informed the committee that  last week the U.S.  Fish &                                                               
Wildlife  Service  asked the  North  Slope  Borough to  join  the                                                               
Arctic  Landscape  Conservation  Cooperative,  which  will  be  a                                                               
partnership  of federal,  state, and  local government  agencies,                                                               
tribes,  nongovernmental  organizations,  and other  entities  in                                                               
Arctic  Alaska  and  Northern  Canada.     The  Arctic  Landscape                                                               
Conservation Cooperative  is part of  a larger effort  to address                                                               
the impacts  of climate  change called  for in  Secretarial Order                                                               
3289, which was signed by  U.S. Secretary Salazar last September.                                                               
Additionally,  the  North Slope  Borough  holds  the position  of                                                               
chair  of  the  North  Slope  Science  Initiative  (NSSI),  which                                                               
includes federal and state agencies  focusing on science needs in                                                               
the North Slope.  The goal  is to provide more effective programs                                                               
for developing science in the  Arctic.  Perhaps most importantly,                                                               
is  the existence  of the  Interagency Ocean  Policy Task  Force,                                                               
which is  a program that  overlaps with issues identified  in HCR
22.   Since last summer,  the aforementioned task force  has been                                                               
working to develop a national policy  for oceans and coasts.  The                                                               
Interagency Ocean Policy  Task Force traveled to  Alaska and took                                                               
testimony  last August.   The  task force  has issued  an interim                                                               
report with  recommendations on human health,  economic interest,                                                               
the  adaptation   to  climate  change  and   other  environmental                                                               
concerns, foreign policy, and homeland  security.  The task force                                                               
is also  developing recommendations  for a framework  for coastal                                                               
and marine spatial planning, which  is a huge endeavor that could                                                               
impact  the borough  in  a significant  manner.   Therefore,  the                                                               
borough  is spending  much time  to understand  the process.   He                                                               
noted that the task force is  being directed from the White House                                                               
and thus he  expected that an executive order will  be signed and                                                               
issued.   Mr. Mack stated that  these are just three  examples of                                                               
major initiatives  already underway that the  task force proposed                                                               
in HCR  22 should  consider.  He  reviewed activities  by various                                                               
other organizations and  related that the North  Slope Borough is                                                               
approached on a  regular basis to participate  in various efforts                                                               
to examine the changing Arctic  environment.  "We appreciate that                                                               
HCR 22 provides a strong local  voice.  We need the local, state,                                                               
and federal agencies to be  working together to address these big                                                               
issues," he  related.   In conclusion,  Mr. Mack  related support                                                               
for  HCR  22  as  the  vehicle  for  the  state's  voice  in  the                                                               
aforementioned process.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
9:43:22 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR   HERRON  asked   if  the   approach   by  the   various                                                               
organizations is patronizing.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
MR.  MACK  answered  that  in  some cases  it  feels  as  if  the                                                               
organization  wants  to  include  the local  communities  in  the                                                               
beginning, but as the process  continues it becomes apparent that                                                               
people outside of the Arctic  and Alaska are driving the process.                                                               
At that  point, it  does feel patronizing.   He  then highlighted                                                               
that  the  state territorial  waters  are  very limited,  whereas                                                               
there  are far  more  [waters] controlled  by federal  regulatory                                                               
processes.  Therefore,  it's imperative that the  State of Alaska                                                               
take an active role.                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
9:45:52 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE ALAN  AUSTERMAN, Alaska State  Legislature, opined                                                               
that Alaska is  behind on addressing the depletion  of the Arctic                                                               
ice  cap  and the  issues  that  will  arise with  other  foreign                                                               
countries.    Alaska  should be  involved in  what occurs  in the                                                               
Arctic and the proposed task force  is a good step with regard to                                                               
what is  going on, who  is involved,  and their plans.   Although                                                               
the state  only has control of  three miles of water,  the impact                                                               
of what occurs  in the vast territorial waters is  important.  He                                                               
recalled six to seven years ago  when he worked with fisheries in                                                               
the Murkowski  Administration when there  was a shift  in fishery                                                               
issues  such that  foreign countries  were  becoming involved  in                                                               
fish stocks  that seem to be  moving.  The aforementioned  led to                                                               
the North  Pacific Fisheries Council  closing all  fishing inside                                                               
federal waters  until they can  get a  handle on what  the stocks                                                               
are and will  be doing.  In  conclusion, Representative Austerman                                                               
related his support for HCR 22.                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
9:48:49 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR MUNOZ, upon  determining no one else  wished to testify,                                                               
closed public testimony.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
9:49:17 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOULE  thanked the  committee for  introducing the                                                               
resolution and  related that  he looks forward  to moving  HCR 22                                                               
through the legislative process.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
9:50:06 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE HARRIS  mentioned that there may  be some language                                                               
issues on page  2, lines 26 through  page 3, line 3.   He related                                                               
his belief  that the President of  the Senate and the  Speaker of                                                               
the House of Representatives won't  appoint the following members                                                               
to  the task  force:   the U.S.  Coast Guard  member; the  member                                                               
representing the  state administration;  the mayors of  the North                                                               
Slope Borough,  Northwest Arctic Borough,  and the City  of Nome;                                                               
and the  U.S. Department of Interior  representative.  Therefore,                                                               
he  suggested  that  the  language  be  modified  such  that  the                                                               
appropriate appointing agency is specified.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE  JOULE agreed  to address  the necessary  language                                                               
changes as the resolution moves through the legislative process.                                                                
                                                                                                                                
9:51:16 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CO-CHAIR HERRON  moved to report  CSHCR 22,  Version 26-LS1622\E,                                                               
Cook, 3/26/10,  out of committee with  individual recommendations                                                               
and the  accompanying fiscal  notes.   There being  no objection,                                                               
CSHCR 22(CRA) was reported from  the House Community and Regional                                                               
Affairs Standing Committee.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
9:51:39 AM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
REPRESENTATIVE JOULE concluded by relating his appreciation for                                                                 
the work performed by the staff in his office as well as                                                                        
Representative Austerman's office.                                                                                              

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
HCRA 3.30 - Draft CSBG FFY11 State Plan.pdf HCRA 3/30/2010 8:00:00 AM
CSBG
HCR 22 Bill Packet.PDF HCRA 3/30/2010 8:00:00 AM
HCR 22
CS HCR 22 (1622-E).PDF HCRA 3/30/2010 8:00:00 AM
HCR 22