Legislature(2009 - 2010)HOUSE FINANCE 519

01/28/2010 01:30 PM FINANCE


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01:40:25 PM Start
01:43:33 PM HB300 || HB302
04:03:57 PM Adjourn
* first hearing in first committee of referral
+ teleconferenced
= bill was previously heard/scheduled
+ Criminal Justice Presentation by TELECONFERENCED
Commissioners
HOUSE BILL NO. 300                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
      "An   Act  making    appropriations     for  the   operating    and                                                       
      loan  program   expenses    of state   government,    for  certain                                                        
      programs,    and  to  capitalize   funds;   making   supplemental                                                         
      appropriations;     making    appropriations     under   art.   IX,                                                       
      sec.   17(c),   Constitution    of  the   State  of   Alaska;   and                                                       
      providing for an effective date."                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
HOUSE BILL NO. 302                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
      "An   Act  making    appropriations     for  the   operating    and                                                       
      capital      expenses      of     the     state's      integrated                                                         
      comprehensive    mental   health   program;   and  providing    for                                                       
      an effective date."                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
1:43:33 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair Stoltze discussed housekeeping.                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
CRIMINAL JUSTICE PRESENTATION BY COMISSIONERS                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
DAN  SULLIVAN,   ATTORNEY   GENERAL,   DEPARTMENT    OF LAW,  expressed                                                         
the   hope   to   continue     the   discussion    concerning     sexual                                                        
assault   and  domestic    violence   in  the  state.   He  stated   that                                                       
the  problem   had  become  an  epidemic   in  Alaska.  The  department                                                         
had  recently   announced    several   initiatives   in  an  attempt   to                                                       
address    the   issue.    On   December    3,   2009,    the   governor                                                        
announced   the  overall   plan  with  regard   to sexual   assault   and                                                       
domestic   violence,    10  days   later   he  announced    his  budget,                                                        
which   included    funding    for   fighting    the   epidemic.     Four                                                       
different    bills   had   been  sponsored    by   the  administration                                                          
concerning    the  issue,   3 of  which   had  been  submitted    to  the                                                       
legislature.     The   department    had   hired    a  highly    skilled                                                        
statewide      cybercrimes      prosecutor,       to    combat     child                                                        
pornography.     He   hoped   to   arrange    the   variables    of   the                                                       
administration's      plan   into   a  broad   narrative    that   would                                                        
result in a strategic plan.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
General   Sullivan   introduced    the  document   titled,   "Strategic                                                         
Plan   to  End   the  Epidemic    of  Sexual    Assault   and   Domestic                                                        
Violence"(copy    on  file).   He emphasized    that  the  plan  was  not                                                       
static.   The  department   was  seeking   support   for  the different                                                         
elements   of  the  plan,  but  also  the  ideas  from  members   of  the                                                       
committee.    In  developing    the   plan,   the  administration     had                                                       
drawn    upon    ideas    influenced     by   the   legislature,      the                                                       
university,     the  Council    on   Domestic   Violence    and   Sexual                                                        
Assault (CDVSA), and out-of-state initiatives.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
1:47:12 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
General   Sullivan    stated   that   the   plan   had  been   laid   out                                                       
according   to  5  strategic   objectives.    The  department    thought                                                        
that  the  first   and  most   important   item  to  be  noted   for  the                                                       
committee   were  the  statistics    on the  issue.   He  said  that  the                                                       
numbers   used  were  drawn   from  diverse   areas.   He  cited  page  2                                                       
of the handout.                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Representative    Fairclough    asked  if  the  plan  had  been  written                                                        
by  CDVSA.   General   Sullivan    replied   no.  He  stated   that   the                                                       
document     had   been    drafted    by   the    administration;      it                                                       
resembled   the  plan   announced   by  the  governor   on  December   3,                                                       
2009,  but  included   how  new  legislation    would  be  implemented,                                                         
and   budget   requests.     Representative     Fairclough    expressed                                                         
appreciation    for   the  work   done  surrounding    the   issue,   but                                                       
articulated    frustration     that   her  calls   to   the  governor's                                                         
office to discuss ideas had not been returned.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
JOSEPH   MASTERS,   COMMISSIONER,     DEPARTMENT    OF  PUBLIC   SAFETY,                                                        
elucidated    on the  sources   drawn   from  during   the  drafting   of                                                       
the  plan.  The  CDVSA's   strategic   plan  was  a  resource,   as  well                                                       
as  the  Senate   Judiciary    report   dealing   with  sexual   assault                                                        
and    domestic      violence.      The    Senate     VPSO    taskforce                                                         
recommendations     had also   been  considered.   He  reiterated    that                                                       
the   plan   was  not   static   and   had   been   designed   to   be  a                                                       
"living   document"   that   would  change   as  it was  used   over  the                                                       
next decade.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
1:52:42 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner    Masters   shared  that  the  department    had  met  with                                                       
various   advocacy   groups  throughout    the  state.  He  stated   that                                                       
many   issues   overlapped    across   the  board;   the   number   1  of                                                       
which  was   the  issue  of  domestic   violence   and  sexual   assault                                                        
in the state.                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
1:54:28 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner    Masters    read  from   the   document.   Alaska's    per                                                       
capita   rate  of sexual   assault   and  domestic   violence   is 2  and                                                       
a  half  times   the  national    average.   In  Alaska,   rape   was  12                                                       
percent   of  all  violent   crimes   reported;    the  percentage    was                                                       
only   6 percent    in  the  rest   of  the  nation.   The   Alaska   per                                                       
capita   child   sexual   abuse  rate   is  6  times  higher   than   the                                                       
national   average.   Outside   of  Anchorage,   65  percent  of  sexual                                                        
assault   victims   were   under   the  age  of  15,  30  percent    were                                                       
between   13  and  15 years   old,  and  25  percent   of  victims   were                                                       
between   6 and  12  years   old.  Alaska   has  the  highest   rate  per                                                       
capita   of   men  murdering    women.    In  one-quarter     of  sexual                                                        
assault   cases  the  victim   was  incapacitated    due  to alcohol   or                                                       
drugs,   and  two-thirds   of  domestic    violence   victims   reported                                                        
that   alcohol   had  been   a factor.    Boys  who  witness    domestic                                                        
violence   were   twice   as  likely   to  abuse   their  own   partners                                                        
and  children    when   they  become   adults.    He  believed    it  was                                                       
important   to  point  out  to  the  committee   that  villages   with  a                                                       
law   enforcement    presence    had  a  40   percent   lower   rate   of                                                       
serious    injury   caused    by   assault,    compared    to   villages                                                        
without   a  presence.   The  level  of  assault   varies   through   the                                                       
geographic    region.   Anchorage   was   2.8  times   higher  than   the                                                       
national   average,   Fairbanks    was  5 times   higher.   He  revealed                                                        
that   the   state    would   need   to   reduce    the   instances    of                                                       
forcible   rape   by 36  percent   just   to  become  number   2  on  the                                                       
national   list.   A  recent   study   reports   that   there  were   380                                                       
cases   of  sexual  assault   involving    victims   under   the  age  of                                                       
12,  in  the  last  year.   Forcible   rape  was  reported   every   16.6                                                       
hours   in  the  state;  every   1.4  days   in  Anchorage,   and  every                                                        
8.5  days   in  Fairbanks.    There   were   6000   reported   cases   of                                                       
domestic   violence    in  Alaska   in  2005.   He  believed   that   the                                                       
statistics   clearly   highlighted    the  problem   in the  state.   The                                                       
statistics, with references were as follows:                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
CRIME STATISTICS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                              
   · The Alaska per capita rape rate is the worst in the                                                                        
         nation -- two and half times the national average.                                                                     
      Source: Alaska Network on Domestic Violence and Sexual                                                                    
      Assault, 2006 Annual Report: Working in Alaska                                                                            
      Communities for Safety, Justice, Advocacy and                                                                             
      Education (2006).                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
   · Rape is a greater percentage of all violent crimes                                                                         
         reported in Alaska than it is nationally, at 12% of                                                                    
      all violent crime in Alaska compared to 6% of violent                                                                     
          crime in the United States. Source: Alaska Senate                                                                     
          Judiciary Committee's Report and Recommendations:                                                                     
      Reducing Sexual Assault in Alaska (2009).                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
   · The Alaska per capita child sexual assault rate is                                                                         
      also the worst in the nation -- almost six times the                                                                      
      national average. Source: Alaska Network on Domestic                                                                      
      Violence and Sexual Assault, 2006 Annual Report:                                                                          
         Working in Alaska Communities for Safety, Justice,                                                                     
      Advocacy and Education (2006).                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
   · Outside of Anchorage, 55% of sexual assault victims                                                                        
         are under the age of 15; 30% are between 13 and 15                                                                     
          years old and 25% of victims are between 6 and 12                                                                     
         years old. Source: Studies by Alaska State Troopers                                                                    
      and Anchorage Police Department, compiled by UAA                                                                          
      Justice Center (2009).                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
   · Alaska has the highest rate per capita of men                                                                              
         murdering women. Source: Alaska Network on Domestic                                                                    
      Violence and Sexual Assault, 2006 Annual Report:                                                                          
         Working in Alaska Communities for Safety, Justice,                                                                     
      Advocacy and Education (2006).                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
   · In nearly one-quarter of sexual assault cases the                                                                          
      victim was incapacitated due to alcohol or drug use.                                                                      
      Source:   Alaska  Sexual   Assault   Nurse  Examiner   Study,                                                             
      Reprinted   in  Andre  Rosay,   Sexual   Assault  in  Alaska:                                                             
      Slide  Show   Presentation    to Alaska   State  Legislature                                                              
      Senate Judiciary Committee (August 2009), available at                                                                    
      http://justice.uaa.alaska.edu/vaw/2009-08.jc-vaw-                                                                       
      sexualassault.pdf.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
       · Two-thirds of domestic violence victims reported that                                                                  
      alcohol had been a factor. Source: U.S. Department of                                                                     
      Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Crime                                                                              
      Characteristics: Summary Findings (2009), available at                                                                    
      http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/cvict_c.htm.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
   · Boys who witness domestic violence are twice as likely                                                                     
         to abuse their own partners and children when they                                                                     
         become adults. Source: Strauss, Gelles, and Smith,                                                                     
      Physical Violence in American Families: Risk Factors                                                                      
      and Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 Families (1990).                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
   · Villages with law enforcement presence have a 40%                                                                          
          lower rate of serious injury caused by an assault                                                                     
         compared to villages without local law enforcement.                                                                    
      Source: Wood and Gruenwald, Local Alcohol Prohibition,                                                                    
      Police Presence and Serious Injury in Isolated Alaska                                                                     
      Native Villages (2006).                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
1:57:18 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative    Gara  queried   the  direct   link  between   the  bill                                                       
proposals   and  a  solution   to the  problem   of  domestic   violence                                                        
and   sexual   assault   in  the   state.   He  thought    that   if  the                                                       
presence   of  law  enforcement   reduced   instances   by  40  percent,                                                        
it  seemed   logical   to  pass  legislation    to  implement    the  law                                                       
enforcement     in   every    community.     He   had   heard    of   the                                                       
governor's    plan  to  do  so  within   10  years,  and   wondered   why                                                       
it  would  take  so  long.  Commissioner    Masters   replied   that  the                                                       
department    needed    to  expand    and  manage    the  growth    in  a                                                       
sustainable    way.   He   said   that   the  support    and  structure                                                         
necessary   to  assist  150  VPSO   positions   could  not  be  added  in                                                       
1 year.                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
Representative      Gara    reminded    the    committee     that    some                                                       
communities     without    law  enforcement     had   been   requesting                                                         
assistance    for  a long  time.   He  thought   that  if  an effective                                                         
plan  were   to  be established    it  would   be  odd  to  prolong   the                                                       
implementation.     Commissioner     Masters   assured   the  committee                                                         
that  the   VPSO  positions    in  the  state   were  being   filled   as                                                       
quickly   as  possible.   Steps   were  being  taken   to  improve   VPSO                                                       
recruitment    and   retention.    He  thought   that   the  department                                                         
could manage 15 additional VPSO positions each year.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Representative      Gara     maintained     his    belief     that    the                                                       
implementation had a very long timeframe.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
Representative      Salmon   noted    objective    number    3   of   the                                                       
document:                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
      Establish a law enforcement presence in every community                                                                   
      that desires one.                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Salmon   asked   why  communities     would  need   to                                                       
"desire"   a  law  enforcement    presence   in  order  to  obtain   one.                                                       
He   thought    that    public    safety    was   a   right   in   every                                                        
community.    He  was  concerned    that   the  villages    that  needed                                                        
enforcement     the    most   would    not    be   protected     without                                                        
expressing    the  right   amount   of  "desire".   He  contended    that                                                       
rural  village   residence   were   unequally   protected   compared   to                                                       
urban   communities.    He  argued   that   the  VPSO,   which   did  not                                                       
carry   firearms,   should   be  sent   to Fairbanks    and  Anchorage,                                                         
in  place   of  State   Troopers   and  Alaska   State   Police,   as  an                                                       
experiment     in   their   effectiveness.      Commissioner     Masters                                                        
replied    that   some   communities     may   not   want   a   physical                                                        
presence   of  law  enforcement   in  the  community.   He  stated   that                                                       
the work "desire" was not meant to be exclusionary.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
2:02:58 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner    Masters   relayed    that  better   VPSO  training    was                                                       
being looked into.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
Vice-Chair    Thomas   asked   why   VPSO  officers    were   not  being                                                        
placed   in  villages   with  the  highest   rates  of  sexual   assault                                                        
and  domestic    violence.   He  questioned    the  earlier   statistic                                                         
that  reflected    that  45  percent   of  sexual   assaults   among   13                                                       
to  15  year-olds   occurred   in  Anchorage.    Commissioner    Masters                                                        
clarified   that   the  statistics   were   not  a comparison    between                                                        
urban  and  rural   Alaska,   but  that  of  all  the  sexual   assaults                                                        
that   occurred   outside   of  the   municipality    of  Anchorage,    a                                                       
high percentage of the victims were 13 to 15 years of age.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:05:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Salmon    shared   his   experience    of  attending                                                         
meetings   on  domestic    violence   and  sexual   assault   in  Tanana                                                        
and  in  Fairbanks.   The  testifiers   at  those  meetings   indicated                                                         
that   there   was  only   one  state   trooper    in  the   area.   This                                                       
hindered   the  proper  investigation     of assaults   as  well  as  the                                                       
timely   processing     of  evidence.    He   though   increasing     the                                                       
number    of   troopers     in   the    area   would    be   affective.                                                         
Commissioner    Masters    pointed   out   that  the   statistics    show                                                       
that  instances    of  sexual   assault   and  domestic   violence    for                                                       
all  age   groups   were  extremely    high   statewide.    Rural  areas                                                        
needed   local  law  enforcement    officers   in the  communities.    He                                                       
believed    that    the   most    effective    way    to   provide    law                                                       
enforcement    in   rural   communities     was  to   expand   the   VPSO                                                       
presence and capabilities.                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:08:07 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative    Fairclough    asserted   that  positive   advancement                                                         
in  the   fight  against    domestic   violence    and  sexual   assault                                                        
would  take  a  long  term,  sustained    investment   by  society.   She                                                       
agreed   that   a decade    seemed   like  a  long   time  to  wait   for                                                       
change,   but  argued  that  there   was  no quick   fix  to the  issue.                                                        
She    wondered     what    was    being     done    during     offender                                                        
incarceration     to  correct    the  underlying    issues    of  abuse,                                                        
such   as  substance    abuse   and  anger   management    issues.    She                                                       
shared   that  rape  statistics    had  revealed   that  the  instances                                                         
were   50   percent    urban   and   50   percent    rural.    When   the                                                       
population    difference     was   taken   into   consideration,      the                                                       
rural   instances   were  glaringly    unequal.   She  added  that   some                                                       
of  the   assaults    were   never   reported,    and   80  percent    of                                                       
crimes    reported     involved     alcohol    or   substance     abuse.                                                        
Attorney    General   Sullivan    asked   for   clarification    on   the                                                       
sentencing     alignment    question.     Representative     Fairclough                                                         
said  that  there   were  cases   where  the  sentence   served   by  the                                                       
perpetrator     was    shorter    than    the   required     months    of                                                       
education    or   intervention     counseling    recommended     by   the                                                       
court.   She believed   this   hindered   successful   rehabilitation.                                                          
She  added  that   people  returning    to  villages   do  not  have  the                                                       
classes   or  counselors    available    to  them   to  continue   their                                                        
rehabilitation, which puts then in default of the court.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:13:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney   General   Sullivan   replied   that   that  information    was                                                       
being   collected     on  the   issue.    He  has   not   examined    the                                                       
sentence alignment issue.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
JOE    SCHMIDT,    COMMISSIONER,      DEPARTMENT     OF    CORRECTIONS,                                                         
testified   that   the  problem   of  rehabilitation    completion    was                                                       
an  issue.   He  stated   that   in  the   effort   to  move  offenders                                                         
close    to  home    after   incarceration,      the   department     had                                                       
discovered    that  the  recommended    programs   were  not  available                                                         
in  the  areas,   or  did  align   with  the  sentence.    For  example,                                                        
the  Residential    Substance   Abuse   Treatment   (RSAT)   program   is                                                       
a  year-long    program,    with   a  year-long    waiting    list.   The                                                       
average   length    of  a  sentence    in  the  state   was   160  days,                                                        
which  limited   the  time  necessary   to  qualify   for  and  complete                                                        
the  program.     The  department   was  working   to  create   programs                                                        
with   shorter    timelines    that   would   align   with   sentencing                                                         
time.  He  stressed   educational    programs   and  community   support                                                        
were vital to an offender's rehabilitation.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:16:46 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Joule   said  that   court   ordered   classes    were                                                       
often   not  available    in  some   communities.    He  asserted    that                                                       
individuals    with   a court   order   to  attend   classes,    with  no                                                       
access   to the  classes,    would  likely   end  up  in jail.   He  felt                                                       
that    the    issue    was    not    limited     to    those    exiting                                                        
incarceration.       He    shared    that     the    opportunity      for                                                       
professional    rehabilitation     often   does   not  exist   in  rural                                                        
communities.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
2:18:59 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Doogan    pointed   out   to   the  committee     that                                                       
youthful   perpetrators    were  not  addressed   in  the  document.   He                                                       
understood   that   the court   had  decided   that  children   12 years                                                        
old  or  younger   could  not  form  the   requisite   intent   to break                                                        
the  law.   Youthful    sexual   offenders    were  a  concern    in  his                                                       
community   and  posed   a unique   challenge.    He  hoped  that  there                                                        
would   be  language   in  the  initiative    that  would   address   the                                                       
problem.   Commissioner     Schmidt   replied   that  the   programs   in                                                       
place   for   juvenile    offenders     had   been   very   successful.                                                         
Attorney   General   Sullivan   added   that  the  discussion    was  for                                                       
a  ten  year   plan.  He  assured    the  committee   that   more  ideas                                                        
for  the  prevention    of  domestic    violence   and  sexual   assault                                                        
were a priority for the department.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Representative    Doogan   restated   his  concern   that  there  was  no                                                       
treatment    plan  available    for  young  offenders.    He  felt   that                                                       
without   proper   rehabilitation,     the  child  would   develop   into                                                       
a repeat offender.                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
2:25:39 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
RICK   SVOBODNY,   DEPUTY   ATTORNEY    GENERAL,   CRIMINAL   DIVISION,                                                         
DEPARTMENT     OF   LAW,   testified     that    most   states    had   a                                                       
determinate    age  limit.   Alaska   had  no  age  limit.   If  a child                                                        
at  age  7 could  form  the  intent   to  commit  a  crime,  they  could                                                        
be  brought    to  juvenile   court.   Juvenile    probation    officers                                                        
generally did not handle cases with children under 12.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Doogan   reiterated     that  the   issue   of  young                                                        
offenders   was  a  problem  in  his  community   that  he  hoped  would                                                        
be recognized and improved.                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
2:28:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair   Stoltze    echoed  the   concern   for  the  rehabilitation                                                          
of juvenile offenders.                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
Representative    Austerman    wondered   what  other  states   had  done                                                       
in  response    to  similar   issues.    He  noted   that  programs    to                                                       
prevent   alcohol   and   drug  abuse   were   not  pronounced    in  the                                                       
document.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
2:30:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney   General   Sullivan   replied   that  the  document   included                                                        
information     about   the    Department    of   Health    and   Social                                                        
Services   budget   request  to  deal  with  substance    abuse  issues.                                                        
There   was  currently    no  outstanding    program,    but  the  issue                                                        
was being examined more closely.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
2:32:16 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative    Austerman    felt  that  if  alcohol  and  drugs   were                                                       
at  the  core   of  the  problem,    programs   addressing    the  issue                                                        
should be outlined in the initiative.                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner     Schmidt   referred    to   the   Adams   study,   which                                                        
revealed    that   substances    abuse   had   been   a  factor    in  92                                                       
percent   of  reported   cased.   He shared   that  in  his  experience                                                         
alcohol   and   drugs  were   an  overwhelming     factor   in  domestic                                                        
violence   and   sexual  assault    cases.  The   cases  of  recidivism                                                         
were  similar   to  other  states.   He  agreed   that  prevention    was                                                       
key in fighting the problem.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner     Masters   added   that   alcohol   was   an  issue.   He                                                       
felt   that  there   were  statutes    in  place   that  could   provide                                                        
direction   for   law  enforcement   officers    combating   the  issue.                                                        
He  said   that   Alaska   had  effective    laws   in  place   already.                                                        
Bootlegging    cases  had  increased   over  the  years.   He said   that                                                       
alcohol   was  not  the  primary   cause   in  most  cases,   but  was  a                                                       
significant contributing factor.                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Representative      Austerman    maintained     that    the   issue    of                                                       
substance    abuse   had  not  been   properly   addressed.    He  hoped                                                        
that   future   discussions    on  prevention    would   focus  more   on                                                       
the issue of substance abuse.                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
2:36:29 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair   Hawker   felt  that  the  line   of attack   to  the  problem                                                        
would   need   to   be  more   than   a   "get   tough"   approach.    He                                                       
stressed   that  along  with   the  prosecution   of  offenders,   there                                                        
were  more  elements   to  be  considered.   Prevention,    protection,                                                         
and  shelter   for  people   in crisis   were  also   a necessity.     He                                                       
wondered     if   the    responsibility      lay    solely    with    the                                                       
Department     of   Law   (DOL).    He   asked    if   prevention     and                                                       
protection should be higher priorities than prosecution.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
2:41:14 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney    General   Sullivan   cited   Page   1,  which   illustrated                                                         
"Strategic     Objectives"      and   laid    out    the    aspects    of                                                       
prevention.    He  said   that  education,    prevention,    and  victim                                                        
services were discussed in the plan.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
2:42:55 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney    General    Sullivan   asserted    that   the   "get   tough"                                                        
element    of  the   plan   was  very   important.     He  argued    that                                                       
perpetrator      responsibility,        particularly      for     repeat                                                        
offenders,    was  necessary   and  most  important.    He  agreed   that                                                       
Education    and  awareness   were   also  important.    He  hoped   that                                                       
there  would   be a  breakthrough    in the  mindset   of  society   that                                                       
would   allow   for  zero   tolerance    for   domestic   violence    and                                                       
sexual   assault.   He thought   that  the  addition   of  a high  level                                                        
official   in  the  executive   branch,   whose   everyday   job  was  to                                                       
focus  on  the  metrics   of reducing   the  problem,   and  coordinate                                                         
with   the  other   departments,    was   important.   He   stated   that                                                       
the  administration     was  open  to  creating    the  position   in  an                                                       
agency other than DOL if it were so decided.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
2:46:11 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair    Hawker   agreed   that   the   coordinator    position    was                                                       
needed.   He  relayed    that  the   Mothers   Against   Drunk   Driving                                                        
(MADD),   was  an apropos   parallel.   The  movement   was  prevention                                                         
based   and  made   drunk   driving   socially    unacceptable,    which                                                        
lead to increased enforcement.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
Attorney    General   Sullivan    said   that   the  public   education                                                         
campaign   was   designed   to  start   the   conversation    about   the                                                       
issue.   The   advertisements    appeal    to  the  men   in  Alaska   to                                                       
choose   respect   over   violence.    He  though   that  the   campaign                                                        
had been effective.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair    Hawker    said   that   the   advertisements     were    well                                                       
conceived.                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
2:48:21 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney    General   Sullivan    shared    that   the  advertisements                                                          
were created by the Council on Domestic Violence.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Joule   cited  the   statistic    sheet  on  page   2,                                                       
which  referred   to  the  per  capita  child   sexual  abuse   numbers.                                                        
He  believed   it  was  important   that  the  public   was  aware   that                                                       
boys   were  victims    of  sexual   assault   as  well   as  girls.   He                                                       
revealed     that   while    visiting     a   holding    facility     for                                                       
juveniles    this  year,   he  learned   that   95-98   percent   of  the                                                       
girls   there  had  been   sexually   abused   and  70  percent   of  the                                                       
boys.   He  asserted   that  the  victimization     of  boys  needed   to                                                       
be  recognized   in  the  state.   He  understood   that   the  Wellness                                                        
Warriors   program   was  a model   of success,   and  thought   that  an                                                       
emphasis   should   be  placed  on  healing.   He  also  expressed    the                                                       
desire   that  the   changing   role   of  men  in  society   should   be                                                       
recognized,    particularly     for  Alaska   Native   men.   The  roles                                                        
for  Alaska   Native   men  have  changed    drastically   in  the   last                                                       
20   years.   He   thought   respect    should    be  emphasized,     but                                                       
believed   it  should   be  coupled   with   responsibility.     Men  had                                                       
the  responsibility     to  protect   women   and  children,   not   hurt                                                       
them.  The  sexual   assault   of children   of  both  sexes  should   no                                                       
longer    be  swept    under   the   rug   and   the   value    of   each                                                       
individual should be instilled, for prevention to work.                                                                         
                                                                                                                                
DUE TO POWER OUTAGE THERE WAS AN AT EASE at 2:54 PM                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
3:42:22 PM        RECONVENED                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
Attorney   General   Sullivan   directed   the  committee's   attention                                                         
to Page 3 of the prepared document:                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
 IMPLEMENTATION                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                              
 I.    BREAK THE CYCLE OF ABUSE USING A COMPREHENSIVE EDUCATION AND                                                           
         PREVENTION CAMPAIGN TO PROMOTE A CULTURE OF RESPECT THAT DOES                                                        
         NOT TOLERATE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND CHILDREN                                                                     
                                                                                                                              
         A. Statewide Education Efforts                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
         Rationale:     All   members    of   society   must    consider                                                        
         violence    against    women   and   children    unacceptable,                                                         
         and   all  must   believe   it   is  something    that   can  be                                                       
         stopped.       Schools,   media,   and   high-profile    public                                                        
         engagements    can  be  used  to  transmit   the  message   that                                                       
         sexual   assault   and  domestic   violence   are  intolerable                                                         
         in  our   society   and  that   every  individual    and  group                                                        
         must identify its role in combating these problems.                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
            1. Develop, coordinate, and broadcast public                                                                        
               service announcements. For example, the                                                                          
               Governor, the Department of Public Safety                                                                        
               (DPS), the Department of Law, and the Council                                                                    
               on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (CDVSA)                                                                  
               have coordinated with the Alaska Network on                                                                      
               Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (ANDVSA)                                                                    
               to launch the "Real Alaskan Men Choose Respect                                                                   
               Campaign."                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
            2. Cabinet members engage in public outreach to                                                                     
               raise awareness and change attitudes about                                                                       
               sexual assault and domestic violence. For                                                                        
               example, the Governor held a major press event                                                                   
               to highlight the epidemic. The Attorney General                                                                  
               has discussed the epidemic in speeches and has                                                                   
               been interviewed by reporters and talk show                                                                      
               hosts. DPS Commissioner Masters frequently                                                                       
               speaks throughout the state about the                                                                            
               Governor's initiative and the epidemic.                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
            3. Engage communities in awareness-raising events                                                                   
               to show united opposition against domestic                                                                       
               violence and sexual assault.  On March 31,                                                                       
               2010, marches and rallies will be held in                                                                        
               communities throughout the state in order to                                                                     
               raise awareness of the problems and build                                                                        
               support for victims.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
            4. Develop partnerships with Alaska Native                                                                          
               organizations to work together on prevention                                                                     
               solutions. An excellent example is CDVSA's                                                                       
               Tribal and State forums, which seek to devise                                                                    
               programs and strategies to break the cycle of                                                                    
               violence.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Representative     Kelly   thought    that   abstinence    and   respect                                                        
were   related    topics   when   discussing    prevention.     He   made                                                       
reference    to  a  public    service   announcement     that   promoted                                                        
abstinence.    Attorney   General    Sullivan   pointed   out  that   the                                                       
commercial      had    not    been    made     by    the    department.                                                         
Representative    Kelly   thought   that  the  pro-abstinence    message                                                        
should   be  sent   to  both  young   men   as  well  as  young   women.                                                        
Attorney General Sullivan agreed.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:48:13 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney General Sullivan cited pages 4 and 5:                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
         B. Locally-Targeted Education Efforts                                                                                
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:    In order   to  reduce  violence   against   women                                                        
         and  children,    we  need  to  prevent   violence   before   it                                                       
         occurs   rather   than  intervening    after   injury   occurs.                                                        
         To   do  this   we  must   develop   a   prevention    strategy                                                        
         seeking     to   bring    about   change     in   individuals,                                                         
         relationships,     communities,     and  society.      Cultural                                                        
         change    is  most   effective    from   the   ground   up   and                                                       
         requires      a    coordinated       effort     among     local                                                        
         communities, nonprofits, and government.                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
            1. Work with tribal, non-profit and religious                                                                       
               organizations to raise awareness of the                                                                          
               problem, especially among youth, and stigmatize                                                                  
               violence against women and children. Under the                                                                   
               legislature's guidance, CDVSA is in the process                                                                  
               of developing and implementing a plan to                                                                         
               "promote education and programs to prevent                                                                       
               future incidents of domestic violence and                                                                        
               sexual assault." And, as discussed in more                                                                       
               detail below, the Governor's budget requests                                                                     
               the creation of a coordinator to lead the                                                                        
               initiative to combat sexual assault and                                                                          
               domestic violence. Part of the coordinator's                                                                     
               portfolio will be to take a leading role in                                                                      
               these outreach efforts.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
            2. Cultivate youth leaders through schools and                                                                      
               community groups and incorporate youth leaders                                                                   
               in developing primary prevention strategies.                                                                     
               For example, CDVSA partners with the ANDVSA in                                                                   
               developing prevention programs for schools and                                                                   
               youth.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
  II. DETER, SEGREGATE, AND TREAT OFFENDERS SO THEY POSE NO RISK OF                                                           
         HARM TO WOMEN AND CHILDREN                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
         A. Enact Legislative Changes To Protect Alaskans                                                                     
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:     Alaska    needs   tougher    laws   to   send   a                                                       
         message    that   violence    against    women   and   children                                                        
         will   not  be  tolerated    and  to  ensure   that  offenders                                                         
         no  longer   pose  a risk  to  others,   either   because   they                                                       
         are    behind     bars    or    because    they    have     been                                                       
         rehabilitated.      Although    the  Alaska   legislature    has                                                       
         already   enacted   stringent    laws,  more   can  be  done  to                                                       
         punish offenders and protect victims.                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
            1. Toughen penalties for crimes of sexual assault                                                                   
               by making it an aggravating factor if the                                                                        
               defendant sexually assaulted the victim while                                                                    
               knowing the person was vulnerable due to use of                                                                  
               alcohol or drugs.  The Governor has sponsored                                                                    
               SB 222 and HB 298 to make it an aggravating                                                                      
               factor   if  the defendant    was  convicted   of  any                                                           
               crime   and  the defendant    knew  that  the  victim                                                            
               was vulnerable due to use of alcohol or drugs.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
            2. Expand laws to protect children from online                                                                      
               sexual   predators.   The  Governor   has  sponsored   SB
               222 and HB 298, which prohibit suspended                                                                         
               imposition    of sentences    for  people  convicted   of                                                        
               human trafficking, possession or distribution                                                                    
               of child pornography, and distribution of                                                                        
               indecent   materials    to minors.    These   bills  make                                                        
               it  against   the  law  not just   to possess   child                                                            
               pornography    but  also  to  access  it  on  a computer                                                         
               with  the  intention    of viewing   it.   The  bills                                                            
               also empower courts to prohibit sex offenders,                                                                   
               in cases involving children, from using a                                                                        
               computer or communicating with children under                                                                    
               16 years old.                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
            3. Enhance protection and processing of DNA and                                                                     
               other   forensic   evidence   to ensure   the  actual                                                            
               perpetrator is held accountable. To help                                                                         
               accomplish this goal, the Governor has                                                                           
               sponsored HB 317 and SB 241, which adopt                                                                         
               standards for evidence retention and post-                                                                       
               conviction    DNA  testing.   The  Senate  Judiciary                                                             
               Committee Report found that proper examination                                                                   
               of DNA evidence is critical to sexual assault                                                                    
               prosecutions    and  that  the  backlog   in  getting                                                            
               the evidence processed is causing significant                                                                    
               delays in prosecuting cases.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
            4. Close loopholes that allow convicted sex                                                                         
               offenders from other states to escape                                                                            
               registering in Alaska.  SB 222 and HB 298                                                                        
               provide   that  if  a person   is  registered   as  a sex                                                        
               offender in other states, he must register                                                                       
               here,   even  if the  sex  crime   he was  convicted   of                                                        
               does  not  have  an  exact  equivalent    in  Alaska.                                                            
                                                                                                                                
            5. Modify the bail statutes to protect the victims                                                                  
               of the crime and the general public.  The                                                                        
               Governor   has  introduced    a bail  reform   bill  that                                                        
               seeks to accomplish this goal.  Under this                                                                       
               bill,   a person   charged  with   serious  crimes   like                                                        
               felony sexual assault or, if the person has a                                                                    
               domestic violence conviction within the                                                                          
               preceding five years, with a domestic violence                                                                   
               offense, would have burden of proof to                                                                           
               establish that his or her release would not be                                                                   
               dangerous to the victim or the public.  The                                                                      
               bill would also ensure the person's appearance                                                                   
               in certain cases.  Currently, the State has the                                                                  
               burden to make this showing.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
Attorney General Sullivan read from pages 6 and 7:                                                                              
                                                                                                                                
         B. Improve Prosecution                                                                                               
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:     Bringing    offenders     to   justice    deters                                                        
         future   violent   acts  and   sends  a  strong   message   that                                                       
         violence   against   women   and  children   is  unacceptable.                                                         
         While   most   prosecutions    result    in  guilty   pleas   or                                                       
         convictions,    increasing    the  rates  at  which  incidents                                                         
         are  reported    and  referred   for  prosecution    will   help                                                       
         us  hold  more   offenders   accountable.      Creating   a  law                                                       
         enforcement     presence   in   every   community    will   also                                                       
         deter    violence,     increase     reporting     rates,     and                                                       
         improve   evidence    collection    necessary    for  more   and                                                       
         more successful prosecutions.                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                
            1. The Governor's budget requests $75 million for                                                                   
               a new crime lab to help us process the evidence                                                                  
               needed to win convictions in sexual assault                                                                      
               cases and $92.8K for a forensic scientist at                                                                     
               the crime lab                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
              2. Department of Law has issued specific                                                                          
               prosecution policies and guidelines for sexual                                                                   
                 assault and domestic violence cases                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
            3. Prosecutors are being trained in tough plea                                                                      
               negotiations, and the Governor's budget seeks                                                                    
               an additional $75K for additional training.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
            4. The Department of Law has hired a cybercrimes                                                                    
               prosecutor to prosecute child pornography                                                                        
                 offenses and other internet crimes.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
            5. DPS has reorganized its Computer and Financial                                                                   
               Crimes Unit so that investigators can focus                                                                      
               solely on computer crimes against children.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
            6. The Governor's budget requests $2.3 million in                                                                   
               General Funds to make permanent 17 prosecutor                                                                    
               and victim-witness paralegal positions at the                                                                    
               Department of Law, which were previously funded                                                                  
               on an interim basis through federal grants.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
            7. The Governor's budget requests $656,000 in                                                                       
               General Funds to make permanent DPS's cold case                                                                  
               unit, which had been funded by federal grant                                                                     
               money.                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                
            8. To ensure forensic evidence is gathered, the                                                                     
               Governor's budget requests $12.3K for 350                                                                        
               pediatric sexual assault kits and $150K for                                                                      
               adult sexual assault exams.  The Senate                                                                          
               Judiciary Committee report found that when                                                                       
               victims receive a medical forensic exam, it                                                                      
               more than doubled the likelihood that the case                                                                   
               was accepted for prosecution.                                                                                    
                                                                                                                              
         C. Reduce Recidivism Rates                                                                                           
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:    The  majority   of  batterers   return   to their                                                        
         families,     and   the    cycle    of   violence    continues                                                         
         unbroken.     It  is  in  the   state's   interest   to  reduce                                                        
         recidivism.      Otherwise,   victims   will   continue   to  be                                                       
         harmed   and   offenders    will  continue    to  be   arrested                                                        
         and   imprisoned   at   the  state's   expense.    Programs   to                                                       
         reduce   recidivism    will   help  heal   families   and   save                                                       
         the state money in the long run.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                              
            1. The Department of Corrections (DOC) is working                                                                   
               collaboratively with DPS's Village Public                                                                        
               Safety Officer (VPSO) program to provide                                                                         
               effective supervision for probationers and                                                                       
               parolees in rural communities.                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
            2. The Criminal Justice Working Group is reviewing                                                                  
               ways to improve DOC's prisoner re-entry                                                                          
               programs, including after-care programs for                                                                      
               substance abuse treatment, halfway house beds,                                                                   
               mental health clinicians in correctional                                                                         
               facilities, re-entry case workers, and                                                                           
               coordination among stakeholders.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
            3. The Criminal Justice Working Group is reviewing                                                                  
               reforms to the probation system to reduce                                                                        
               recidivism rates by imposing swift punishments                                                                   
               for probation violations. According to the                                                                       
               Senate Judiciary Committee Report, nationally                                                                    
               45% of prisoners serving time for rape or                                                                        
               sexual assault committed their crime while on                                                                    
               probation or parole.                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
   III. IMPROVE PUBLIC SAFETY BY ESTABLISHING A LAW ENFORCEMENT PRESENCE                                                      
         IN EVERY COMMUNITY THAT DESIRES ONE                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
         A. Add 150 More VPSO Positions Over the Next Ten                                                                     
            Years                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                              
         Establishing     a  law   enforcement     presence    in  every                                                        
         village   that   desires   one  will  prevent   offenses    from                                                       
         happening       and     facilitate      investigation        and                                                       
         prosecution     for  the   offenses   that   do   occur.     UAA                                                       
         Justice   Center   studies   show  that  in  villages   where  a                                                       
         VPSO    was    available,     rates    of   serious     assault                                                        
         declined    40%  and  a  case   was  over   three   times   more                                                       
         likely   to  be  prosecuted.     But  increasing    the  number                                                        
         of   VPSO  positions    alone   will   not   suffice.     Local                                                        
         communities       must     collaborate      by     identifying                                                         
         qualified    candidates,   providing    VPSO  facilities,    and                                                       
         supporting the VPSO's work.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
            1. The Governor's budget requests adding 15 VPSOs                                                                   
               per year (at cost of $1.26 million annually)                                                                     
               for 10 years so that every community of a                                                                        
               certain size that desires a VPSO shall have one                                                                  
               if the community puts forward a qualified                                                                        
               individual. The Governor's budget also requests                                                                  
               a merit increases ($129.9K) for VPSOs and an                                                                     
               increase in the VPSO cost-of-living-adjustment                                                                   
               ($93.9K).                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
            2. To secure housing for VPSOs, the Governor's                                                                      
               budget requests $1 million for VPSO housing                                                                      
                 grants and loans in AHFC programs.                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner    Schmidt    relayed   that   95  percent   of  prisoners                                                         
are  released    in  their   lifetime;   attention    must  be   paid  to                                                       
the  population   being   released   back  into  communities.    He  said                                                       
that  through   a criminal   justice   working   group,   attendance   at                                                       
the   crime   summit,   and   by  "Alaskanizing"     the   researcher's                                                         
numbers    from  Washington     State,   a  program    plan   was  being                                                        
developed   within   the  department.    The  department    was  focused                                                        
on  the   issue   of  recidivism.    Offenders    sent  home   to  rural                                                        
areas   could   rely  on  VPSO   officers,   who   were  not  probation                                                         
officers,    but  could   track   individuals    and  solve   issues   in                                                       
rural areas.                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Commissioner    Schmidt   added   that  in  Kenai  probation    officers                                                        
had  been   meeting   with   local   district   attorneys,    which   had                                                       
positively     affected    recidivism     rates.   He   believed     that                                                       
continued    conversation     concerning     the   issue   would   prove                                                        
fruitful.                                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
3:53:20 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Attorney   General   Sullivan   cited  the  third  element   on  page  7:                                                       
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
   IV. IMPROVE PUBLIC SAFETY BY ESTABLISHING A LAW ENFORCEMENT PRESENCE                                                       
         IN EVERY COMMUNITY THAT DESIRES ONE                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
         B. Add 150 More VPSO Positions Over the Next Ten                                                                     
            Years                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                              
         Establishing     a  law   enforcement     presence    in  every                                                        
         village   that   desires   one  will  prevent   offenses    from                                                       
         happening       and     facilitate      investigation        and                                                       
         prosecution     for  the   offenses   that   do   occur.     UAA                                                       
         Justice   Center   studies   show  that  in  villages   where  a                                                       
         VPSO    was    available,     rates    of   serious     assault                                                        
         declined    40%  and  a  case   was  over   three   times   more                                                       
         likely   to  be  prosecuted.     But  increasing    the  number                                                        
         of   VPSO  positions    alone   will   not   suffice.     Local                                                        
         communities       must     collaborate      by     identifying                                                         
         qualified    candidates,   providing    VPSO  facilities,    and                                                       
         supporting the VPSO's work.                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
            3. The Governor's budget requests adding 15 VPSOs                                                                   
               per year (at cost of $1.26 million annually)                                                                     
               for 10 years so that every community of a                                                                        
               certain size that desires a VPSO shall have one                                                                  
               if the community puts forward a qualified                                                                        
               individual. The Governor's budget also requests                                                                  
               a merit increases ($129.9K) for VPSOs and an                                                                     
               increase in the VPSO cost-of-living-adjustment                                                                   
               ($93.9K).                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
            4. To secure housing for VPSOs, the Governor's                                                                      
               budget requests $1 million for VPSO housing                                                                      
                 grants and loans in AHFC programs.                                                                             
                                                                                                                              
         C. Hire Additional Investigators for Sexual Assault                                                                  
            Investigations                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:     Maintaining    VPSOs   in   rural   communities                                                         
         will    increase     safety    and    ensure    incidents     of                                                       
         violence    are   investigated     promptly.      However,    in                                                       
         many   cases  additional    resources   will   be  required   to                                                       
         investigate,    collect   evidence,   and  prepare   cases   for                                                       
         referral     to   prosecutors.         By   hiring     troopers                                                        
         specifically     trained   to  investigate     sexual   assault                                                        
         and   domestic    violence   incidents,    we   will   maximize                                                        
         the  number   of  incidents    that  result   in  convictions,                                                         
         ultimately deterring future offenders.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
            1. The Governor's budget requests $500K for three                                                                   
               additional Alaska State Troopers to investigate                                                                  
               sexual assault and domestic violence offenses.                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
            2. Eight additional investigators will be hired                                                                     
                 using federal money. Three of these                                                                            
               investigators will be hired by municipal                                                                         
               governments to work with Alaska State Troopers                                                                   
                 on multijurisdictional task forces.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
Attorney General Sullivan asserted that a law enforcement                                                                       
presence in every community was a powerful deterrent to                                                                         
crime and a "huge passion of the governor's".                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                
Representative Kelly requested a future report detailing how                                                                    
communities improved with the added law enforcement.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
Attorney General Sullivan focused on pages 8 and 9:                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
 V.    ENSURE VICTIMS HAVE A SAFE PLACE TO GO AND THE SERVICES THEY                                                           
         NEED TO HEAL                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                              
           A. Increase Availability of Civil Legal Services                                                                   
              for Victims                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:     A  study   conducted    by   economists    found                                                        
         that    increased    provision     of   legal   services     for                                                       
         victims    of   domestic    violence    contributes     to   the                                                       
         decline    of  domestic    violence    rates.     Civil   legal                                                        
         services   offer   victims   help  with  practical   matters   -                                                       
         like   protective   orders,    custody   disputes,   and  child                                                        
         support    -  that   give   victims   options    and   increase                                                        
         their safety over the long term.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
            1. Increase the number and skill of attorneys who                                                                   
               volunteer their services to victims of domestic                                                                  
               violence.  To accomplish this goal, LAW has                                                                      
               held over a dozen meetings with legal service                                                                    
               providers, victim advocates, and the court                                                                       
               system to find ways to increase legal                                                                            
               representation for victims, and will continue                                                                    
               to work with all stakeholders in increasing                                                                      
               legal representation for victims.                                                                                
                                                                                                                                
            2. Obtain commitments from leading Alaska law                                                                       
               firms to devote a certain number of hours every                                                                  
               month to pro bono legal work on behalf of                                                                        
               victims of domestic violence and sexual                                                                          
               assault. The Attorney General has begun an                                                                       
               outreach effort to the legal community to meet                                                                   
               this goal.                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
            3. The Governor's budget requests an additional                                                                     
               CINA attorney (at a cost of $200K) to remove                                                                     
               children from violent homes.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                              
         B. Increase     Shelter    Capacity     to   Meet    Needs    of                                                     
         Battered Women                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:      The   ability     to    leave    a   dangerous                                                         
         situation    and  have  a  safe  place   to stay   will  reduce                                                        
         the    number     of    violent     incidents.         Further,                                                        
         counseling     services    provided     by   shelters    inform                                                        
         victims    of   their    rights    and   options    to   escape                                                        
         abusive    relationships.       Increasing    facilities     and                                                       
         training    staff   will   enhance    shelters'    ability    to                                                       
         provide these crucial functions.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                              
            1. The Governor's budget requests an additional                                                                     
               $381,000 to increase the shelter capacity to                                                                     
               better house, counsel, and treat victims, so                                                                     
               that they can escape abusive situations.                                                                         
                                                                                                                              
   VI. COORDINATE AND STREAMLINE EFFORTS AMONG STAKEHOLDERS                                                                   
                                                                                                                              
         A. Hire a Coordinator to Lead the Initiative Against                                                                 
            Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault                                                                              
                                                                                                                              
         Rationale:    Effective   efforts   to  address   the  problems                                                        
         of  domestic    violence   and   sexual   assault   exist,   but                                                       
         more   can  be   done  to   coordinate    between   government                                                         
         agencies,    tribes,    NGOs,   and  other   stakeholders     to                                                       
         improve   and  streamline    these  efforts.    A  coordinator                                                         
         would   expand  and  improve   state   government's    capacity                                                        
         to   address   sexual    assault    and   domestic   violence,                                                         
         provide    a   link    between    these   stakeholders,      and                                                       
         identify and obtain new resources.                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                
            1. The Governor's budget requests $200K to create                                                                   
               a new coordinator position that will oversee                                                                     
               this comprehensive plan to end the epidemic of                                                                   
               domestic violence and sexual assault.  More                                                                      
               specifically, the coordinator will establish                                                                     
               partnership and form work groups with NGOs,                                                                      
               tribal entities, and federal agencies to                                                                         
               maximize effectiveness and minimize duplication                                                                  
               in efforts to combat domestic violence and                                                                       
               sexual assault.                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                
            2. The coordinator will consult with stakeholders                                                                   
               to develop and implement additional programs to                                                                  
                carry out the Governor's initiative.                                                                            
                                                                                                                                
            3. The coordinator will improve the state's                                                                         
               existing   programs   and  efforts   as  they  relate  to                                                        
               domestic   violence   and  sexual   assault,   including                                                         
               prosecution,    corrections,    provision   of  services                                                         
               to victims, and education.                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                
            4. The coordinator will work with CDVSA, DPS, and                                                                   
               the UAA Justice Center (or other research                                                                        
               organizations) in developing and executing the                                                                   
               research necessary for baseline data and for                                                                     
               evaluating the success of the initiative's                                                                       
               programs.                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
Attorney   General   Sullivan   hoped   that  DOL  would   lead  the  way                                                       
with   the  increase   of  pro   bono  legal   services   for   victims.                                                        
He  stressed    that   this  portion    of  the   plan  was   not  about                                                        
laws  or  budget   requests,    but  about   thinking   outside   of  the                                                       
box  on  the  issue.   He  said   that  one   of  the  next  challenges                                                         
would be how to quantify success.                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                
3:58:44 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Representative      Austerman     voiced     his   support     for    the                                                       
initiatives,    but  he  felt  that  the  issue   of  substance   abuse,                                                        
as it related to abuse, was not being given proper weight.                                                                      
                                                                                                                                
Attorney    General    Sullivan     mentioned    pages    11-13,   which                                                        
listed    budget    items   and   a   sampling    of   recent    actions                                                        
agencies had taken.                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair   Hawker   commented   that  the  conversation    about  sexual                                                        
assault    and   domestic   violence,     and  the   steps    the  state                                                        
should    take   to   curb   it,   would   continue    throughout     the                                                       
session.                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:01:54 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                
Co-Chair    Hawker    announced    the   appointment    Representative                                                          
Austerman   to  chairman   of  the  fiscal  policy   subcommittee.    The                                                       
committee   members    were  a  working   group  of  the  whole   of  the                                                       
House    Finance    Committee.    Representative      Austerman    would                                                        
schedule and create an agenda for the meetings.                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                
Representative      Austerman    said   that    no   agenda   had    been                                                       
established as of yet, but would be announced next week.                                                                        
                                                                                                                                
4:03:57 PM                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
Overview DNR Presentation.pdf HFIN 1/28/2010 1:30:00 PM
Criminal Justice Overview.pdf HFIN 1/28/2010 1:30:00 PM