Legislature(2017 - 2018)BUTROVICH 205

04/06/2018 08:00 AM EDUCATION

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Heard & Held
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Heard & Held
**Streamed live on AKL.tv**
         HB 102-LIMITED TEACHER CERTIFICATES; LANGUAGES                                                                     
CHAIR  STEVENS announced  the consideration  of HB  102. [Version                                                               
30-LS0237\J was before the committee.]                                                                                          
8:00:23 AM                                                                                                                    
REID  MAGDANZ,  Staff,  Representative  Jonathan  Kreiss-Tomkins,                                                               
Alaska  State Legislature,  presented  HB 102  on  behalf of  the                                                               
sponsor.  He  said   the  bill  grew  out   of  discussions  that                                                               
Representative  Kreiss-Tomkins  and  he have  had  with  language                                                               
immersion programs across the state  about how to help with their                                                               
missions.  They  heard  that  one  of  the  largest  barriers  to                                                               
successful  immersion  programs,  especially  for  Alaska  Native                                                               
languages, is  the limited  pool of  certified teachers  with the                                                               
necessary  language abilities.  The  language immersion  programs                                                               
are quality programs, well-liked by  parents, in demand, and they                                                               
produce   solid  academic   results.  Learning   other  languages                                                               
prepares  Alaska students  for jobs  around the  country and  the                                                               
world. HB 102 helps the programs  continue to grow to continue to                                                               
meet parent and student demand.                                                                                                 
8:02:17 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE    JONATHAN     KREISS-TOMKINS,    Alaska    State                                                               
Legislature,  sponsor of  HB 102  said the  bill is  very much  a                                                               
response to  a problem they've  identified in  conversations with                                                               
different  language  programs  around  Alaska,  either  in  rural                                                               
Alaska with  Native language programs  or world languages  in the                                                               
Mat-Su  and Anchorage.  It  is an  exciting  solution because  it                                                               
bridges  both  worlds  in  terms of  the  rural/urban  divide  in                                                               
8:03:04 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR BEGICH said he is  confused about the bill. The testimony                                                               
for HB  102 shows  it seeks  to correct  the problem  with Alaska                                                               
Native  language,  but  statute  exists that  allows  for  Alaska                                                               
Native language and culture to  be taught with a limited teaching                                                               
certificate. That  part of the  legislation is  already addressed                                                               
under the law. This goes  beyond this to include other languages.                                                               
He asked  why this is  relevant and  why the current  law doesn't                                                               
work for indigenous languages.                                                                                                  
8:03:56 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE   KREISS-TOMKINS   answered   that  the   Type   M                                                               
certificate  does what  Senator Begich  describes. HB  102 is  in                                                               
response  to immersion  language  programs, which  are a  growing                                                               
phenomenon in Alaska.  All subject matter is taught  in a certain                                                               
language.  In the  Native language  it  could be  Yupik, like  at                                                               
Ayaprun Elitnaurvik  School in Bethel. Having  a teacher teaching                                                               
not just Yupik  but math and other basic subject  is important in                                                               
an  immersion language  environment. This  bill is  responsive to                                                               
that broader scope of instruction.                                                                                              
8:05:13 AM                                                                                                                    
MR.  MAGDANZ  said that  when  the  original limited  certificate                                                               
statutes  were   put  on  the  books,   immersion  programs  were                                                               
uncommon. In  the last  couple of decades,  they have  become the                                                               
gold  standard  for  language  education,  in  particular  Native                                                               
language  revitalization.  HB  102   meets  the  needs  of  those                                                               
programs that have developed since then.                                                                                        
8:05:42 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR BEGICH said  that Mr. Magdanz is saying  that the current                                                               
law  allowing  for  a limited  teaching  certificate  for  Native                                                               
language and  culture wouldn't include  the vast array  of things                                                               
happening in immersion programs.                                                                                                
8:06:05 AM                                                                                                                    
MR.  MAGDANZ  said that  is  the  interpretation they  have  from                                                               
Legislative  Legal. Current  statutes would  only allow  someone,                                                               
for example, to  teach an Inupiaq language  class. A kindergarten                                                               
teacher could not teach science or social studies.                                                                              
SENATOR  BEGICH said  the  other  issue for  him  is the  foreign                                                               
language requirement. A  concern of his is that  they continue to                                                               
find ways to limit the specialties  taught by teachers. It is not                                                               
necessarily   an   advantage.   They   might   prepare   students                                                               
inadequately  because they  haven't been  taught by  teachers who                                                               
have gone  through teacher preparation.  He himself  went through                                                               
teacher  training.  There  are   skill  sets  taught  to  educate                                                               
students.  He asked  if Mr.  Magdanz can  reassure him  that this                                                               
won't  lead  to   a  slippery  slope  of   dumbing  down  teacher                                                               
requirements  instead  of  trying  to  recruit  quality  teachers                                                               
8:08:27 AM                                                                                                                    
MR.  MAGDANZ said  HB 102  fully allows  for the  State Board  of                                                               
Education  to require  a teacher  preparation program  for anyone                                                               
issued a  certificate under the  bill. He expects that  the State                                                               
Board would. The State Board  currently does not require that for                                                               
Type  M but  does for  Type I.  Having spent  time immersed  in a                                                               
culture  and  language  is what  makes  immersion  teachers  most                                                               
effective.  It  is not  dumbing  down  of  a certificate.  It  is                                                               
allowing  the  people  most  qualified to  be  in  the  immersion                                                               
language programs to be there.                                                                                                  
REPRESENTATIVE KREISS-TOMKINS  said all things are  relative in a                                                               
situation.  In previous  committees  he was  struck by  testimony                                                               
from immersion schools that are  so desperate for fluent speakers                                                               
that  long-term   substitutes  are  marshalled   into  classrooms                                                               
because  they  need to  have  fluent  speakers.  If that  is  the                                                               
starting point, this  bill is a big step up  from that. The Board                                                               
of Education backstops all of  this with approval. He agrees that                                                               
in the long  term the ideal is that they  want fully certificated                                                               
teachers.  This is  a  stepping  stone to  get  there. Right  now                                                               
there's such a  need that this is an improvement  from where they                                                               
8:11:14 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR BEGICH said  that is his concern. There is  a crying need                                                               
for  these teachers.  They  don't have  the  supply because  they                                                               
don't have the  incentives for teachers to come  teach in Alaska.                                                               
He's  not certain  that  this  bill gets  them  an incentive.  It                                                               
provides a  stopgap. That is part  of his concern. That  said, he                                                               
is reassured by Mr. Magdanz's comments.                                                                                         
8:11:51 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR  HUGHES said  she assumed  that  immersion programs  like                                                               
Fronteras Charter School in Mat-Su  would have certified teachers                                                               
who could make sure skills  needed for going further in education                                                               
are  covered. She  asked  if  they can  be  reassured that  other                                                               
teachers in the program or building will be certified.                                                                          
8:12:43 AM                                                                                                                    
MR. MAGDANZ  responded that the  State Board would  have complete                                                               
authority under the bill to  require any level of mentorship from                                                               
a  Type  A   certificated  teacher.  That  is  how   the  Type  I                                                               
certificate works.  Persons allowed to have  their own classrooms                                                               
in an  immersion would be  subject to supervision,  guidance, and                                                               
mentorship from more experienced teachers.                                                                                      
8:13:32 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR HUGHES  said her concern  is about teachers who  have not                                                               
gone through training to teach  other content areas. Someone with                                                               
a  Type M  certificate  who is  great at  conversing  may not  be                                                               
trained  for teaching  math, earth  sciences. She  asked that  if                                                               
these certificates  are issued,  would it  make sense  to require                                                               
these teachers  to be  working toward  their certificates  in the                                                               
same way that  those with Type I certificates  are working toward                                                               
bachelor's degrees.                                                                                                             
8:14:52 AM                                                                                                                    
MR.  MAGDANZ responded  that the  bill requires  that any  person                                                               
issued a limited teaching certificate  has to demonstrate subject                                                               
area  expertise. The  bill mandates  that; the  State Board  sets                                                               
regulations  for  what  constitutes  subject  area  expertise.  A                                                               
certificate  written under  this  bill would  not  be a  blanket,                                                               
someone  can  teach  anything  in   Spanish.  Someone  holding  a                                                               
certificate  under  this  bill  would be  qualified  to  teach  a                                                               
specific  subject in  a  specific language.  They  would have  to                                                               
demonstrate subject  area expertise under regulations  that would                                                               
be set by the Board of Education.                                                                                               
8:16:07 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR GIESSEL arrived.                                                                                                        
8:16:10 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR HUGHES  said she appreciates that  subject area expertise                                                               
would be  required separate from  the language itself.  She asked                                                               
for the sponsor's  view for some sort of  requirement because she                                                               
understands what  Senator Begich  said about the  slippery slope.                                                               
They want  the best  qualified teachers  for their  students. She                                                               
asked  if the  bill  sponsor  would object  to  requiring Type  M                                                               
certified  teachers  to  begin  training  to move  on  to  the  I                                                               
certificate and eventually full certificate.                                                                                    
8:17:01 AM                                                                                                                    
REPRESENTATIVE  KREISS-TOMKINS   answered  that  he   agreed  and                                                               
pointed to  subsection (e). The one-year  probationary period may                                                               
partly speak to  that. It is not  for any period of  time for any                                                               
subject. It  is a  narrow band  of subjects  that someone  with a                                                               
Type M certificate would teach.  It is a one-year certificate. It                                                               
would  be in  everyone's  interest, the  certificate holder,  the                                                               
charter school, for someone to work toward full certification.                                                                  
8:18:30 AM                                                                                                                    
MR. MAGDANZ presented the sectional. He  noted that the bill is a                                                               
repeal  and  reenactment  of  an  existing  section  of  law,  so                                                               
although it looks  like new law, most of this  is already in law.                                                               
It has been reorganized with  some new language added. Subsection                                                               
(a) adds paragraph four, which  allows the limited certificate to                                                               
be issued to teachers in immersion programs.                                                                                    
     HB 102 repeals and re-enacts AS 14.20.025.                                                                                 
     Sec. 14.20.025(a)                                                                                                        
     The Department of Education and Early Development (DEED)                                                                   
     may issue limited teacher certificates in certain specialty                                                                
        • Alaska Native culture; Military science;                                                                              
        • Vocational or technical education;                                                                                    
        • Classes taught in non-English languages.                                                                              
     Under current  law, limited certificates  may be  issued                                                                   
     for  teaching   Alaska  Native  languages  or   culture,                                                                   
     military   science,   and   vocational   or    technical                                                                   
     education.  HB 102  adds classes  taught in  non-English                                                                   
     languages to the existing list.                                                                                            
     Certificates issued under this section in one of these                                                                     
     specialty areas are subject to the provisions of AS                                                                        
     14.20.025 and exempt from certain requirements of AS                                                                       
     14.20.020 or AS 14.20.022.                                                                                                 
     Sec. 14.20.025(b)                                                                                                        
     Limited certificates can only be issued to a person if the                                                                 
     school  board of  the  district in  which  the person  will                                                                
     teach  has   requested  a  limited  certificate   for  that                                                                
     specific person. The  limited certificate is valid  only in                                                                
     the district that makes the request.                                                                                       
     A person may only receive a limited certificate if they                                                                    
     demonstrate  "instructional   skills  and   subject  matter                                                                
     expertise sufficient to  assure the public that  the person                                                                
     is  competent  as a  teacher."  This  language is  used  in                                                                
     current law,  and like in current  law, the state  board of                                                                
     education is  empowered to  write regulations  interpreting                                                                
     The state board of education's regulations may require that                                                                
     a limited  certificate holder undertake  additional academic                                                               
8:19:39 AM                                                                                                                    
     Sec. 14.20.025(c)                                                                                                        
     A limited teacher certificate must specify the language(s)                                                                 
     and subject(s) for which it is valid.                                                                                      
     Restates that limited certificates can only be issued to a                                                                 
     person if the school board of the district in which the                                                                    
     person will  teach has requested a limited  certificate for                                                                
     that  specific person.  The  limited  certificate is  valid                                                                
     only in the district that makes the request.                                                                               
8:20:19 AM                                                                                                                    
     Sec. 14.20.025(d)                                                                                                        
     Gives the  state board of education  authority to write                                                                    
     regulations  implementing AS  14.20.025. Provides  that                                                                    
     the regulations  can't require a  certificate applicant                                                                    
     to achieve a minimum score  on an exam unless that exam                                                                    
     in given in the  instructional language the certificate                                                                    
     will  be  valid  for  (e.g.,  a  teacher  who  will  be                                                                    
     teaching only  in German or Inupiaq  cannot be required                                                                    
     to pass an exam given in English).                                                                                         
8:21:16 AM                                                                                                                    
     Sec. 14.20.25(e)                                                                                                         
     Limited  certificates  are  initially valid  for  one  year.                                                               
     Terms and lengths  of extension and renewal shall  be set by                                                               
     the  state  board  of  education. In  order  for  a  limited                                                               
     certificate  to be  extended or  renewed,  the school  board                                                               
     that initially  requested the certificate must  certify that                                                               
     the certificate holder has  demonstrated skills in classroom                                                               
     instruction and student assessment.                                                                                        
8:21:48 AM                                                                                                                    
BRANDON  LOCKE,  Senior   Director,  World  Languages,  Anchorage                                                               
School District, supported  HB 102. He said  the Anchorage School                                                               
District has a long history  of immersion programs dating back to                                                               
the  late 80s.  They have  2,500 students  in language  immersion                                                               
programs, which  include Chinese, Japanese, German,  Spanish, and                                                               
Russian. They  are launching  a Yupik  immersion program  for the                                                               
first  time  this  fall.  In  immersion,  teachers  are  teaching                                                               
content in the language. It's  about teaching content through the                                                               
language and  by doing so,  students are learning  language, just                                                               
like  they  do  their  first language.  He  recognizes  that  the                                                               
Department of  Education and Early  Development (DEED)  has heard                                                               
some  of this  testimony  and  now has  a  world language  expert                                                               
limited  certificate,   which  is  beneficial  for   high  school                                                               
language teachers.  It does not  speak to  the need of  having an                                                               
elementary  certification,  which   is  what  language  immersion                                                               
teachers  need  to  have.  In  Anchorage  it  is  always  a  huge                                                               
challenge to  find qualified teachers.  Right now they  have five                                                               
or  six  Spanish immersion  positions  available  for next  year.                                                               
Finding people  who are  dually qualified,  fluent in  a language                                                               
and fully endorsed in a content area, is challenging.                                                                           
8:24:37 AM                                                                                                                    
MR. LOCKE said he heard the  concerns about letting anyone in the                                                               
classroom.  He  would  say  on behalf  of  the  Anchorage  School                                                               
District that they would use  this carefully. This would not open                                                               
the floodgates  to let  anyone in the  classroom. They  would use                                                               
this  in a  situation where  they have  tried all  other avenues.                                                               
This will help in those extremely hard-to-fill situations.                                                                      
SENATOR BEGICH asked  what is the barrier  to recruiting teachers                                                               
for unfilled positions.                                                                                                         
8:25:47 AM                                                                                                                    
MR. LOCKE said that is a tough  question to answer. It is hard to                                                               
recruit teachers to  Alaska in general. Finding  someone to teach                                                               
second  grade in  Japanese is  not  an easy  task. The  Anchorage                                                               
School District  is constantly trying  to recruit  nationwide and                                                               
in other countries. It is an ongoing struggle and challenge.                                                                    
8:27:16 AM                                                                                                                    
JENNIFER SCHMIDT-HUTCHINS,  Principal, Fronteras  Charter School,                                                               
supported HB 102. She said  the biggest difficulty when trying to                                                               
find  qualified  applicants  is  simply  the  limited  number  of                                                               
native-Spanish   speaker  candidates,   not   only  locally   but                                                               
nationally and  internationally. The  lack of interest  in moving                                                               
to Alaska is  key. It's the climate, the pay  is a deterrent. The                                                               
competition  is quite  high. The  most  significant barrier  they                                                               
experience is the process of  Alaska's certification. One teacher                                                               
from Colombia  and one from  Puerto Rico came to  Fronteras fully                                                               
certified with numerous  years of teaching. Even  though they are                                                               
fully certified  in their home  countries and their  credits have                                                               
been vetted  and accepted by  the state Department  of Education,                                                               
they must pass the reading,  writing, and mathematics sections of                                                               
Praxis, which  is only  offered in  English. She  highlighted the                                                               
difficulty this presents to native-Spanish speakers.                                                                            
8:29:14 AM                                                                                                                    
MS.  SCHMIDT-HUTCHINS said  first  the native  speaker must  read                                                               
everything in English  and translate it into Spanish  in the time                                                               
allotted for every single question.  They have to write all their                                                               
responses in  English. They  can apply for  a modification  of an                                                               
additional 20 minutes, which is  not much help. Because Praxis is                                                               
only offered  in English, the  two Spanish teachers  were reduced                                                               
to substitute  pay with benefits  removed, but they  continued to                                                               
do  the full-time  job of  a  certified teacher.  This is  wrong.                                                               
Native  speakers bring  that rich  culture  that is  such a  huge                                                               
component of their  immersion program. Because of  the quality of                                                               
their native-Spanish  speaking staff, they are  requested more as                                                               
homeroom  teachers than  English-speaking teachers  because their                                                               
parents want their children immersed  in the target language. She                                                               
asked them to  please consider the gift they would  give to every                                                               
immersion students by voting in favor of HB 102.                                                                                
8:31:15 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR STEVENS asked what her solution is to the Praxis issue.                                                                   
8:31:21 AM                                                                                                                    
MS. SCHMIDT-HUTCHINS  suggested the first  thing is to  offer the                                                               
Praxis  in  other  languages.  If  the  Praxis  remains  only  in                                                               
English, it's critical to have HB 102.                                                                                          
8:31:51 AM                                                                                                                    
ALICE  TAFF,  Affiliate  Assistant  Professor  of  Alaska  Native                                                               
Languages, University of Alaska  Southeast, supported HB 102. She                                                               
said she  is a  linguist affiliated with  both the  University of                                                               
Alaska Fairbanks  and the University of  Alaska Southeast. People                                                               
have  better   executive  function  if  they   are  bilingual  or                                                               
multilingual.  They  have  less   dementia  and  suicide.  Native                                                               
communities which have  50 percent or more  conversational use of                                                               
their  ancestral   language  are  healthier.  Students   will  be                                                               
healthier  and  smarter  if   bilingual.  They  become  bilingual                                                               
through significant immersion in the  language. She asked them to                                                               
give Alaska  students a chance  to become healthier  and smarter.                                                               
HB 102  will be a  gleaming legacy, especially for  Alaska Native                                                               
8:37:16 AM                                                                                                                    
SENATOR BEGICH said  he doesn't oppose bilingualism.  He wants to                                                               
assure quality of instruction.                                                                                                  
8:37:46 AM                                                                                                                    
MS. TAFF said that is her concern  also. With HB 102, they can be                                                               
assured that that will be quality education.                                                                                    
8:37:59 AM                                                                                                                    
PEGGY AZUYAK, Representing  Self, supported HB 102.  She said she                                                               
is  the  Director of  Rural  Schools  for Kodiak  Island  Borough                                                               
School District  and teaches Alutiiq language  at Kodiak College.                                                               
Kodiak  has worked  hard  over several  decades  to grow  Alutiiq                                                               
speakers. They  have their first immersion  program. Immersion is                                                               
so  important to  their community  as they  work to  grow Alutiiq                                                               
speakers and strengthen  the identity of their  youth. Their pool                                                               
of language speakers  and experts is so small. HB  102 will allow                                                               
them  to  continue  their  momentum  and  build  their  immersion                                                               
teaching  capacity  and  move beyond  preschool  into  elementary                                                               
schools  as they  work to  build their  teaching capacity  within                                                               
their  language community.  They have  teachers teaching  Alutiiq                                                               
through Type  M certificates, which  has been so helpful  to them                                                               
to get the language to their  students. HB 102 is instrumental in                                                               
allowing them  to broaden  their immersion  practices. In  all of                                                               
their language  programs, they have  language experts  work hand-                                                               
in-hand with teaching  experts. HB 102 would allow  them to honor                                                               
the expertise  of their cultural  and language knowledge  and use                                                               
community  resources while  building  capacity and  strengthening                                                               
language teachers.  The pool is so  small that those with  Type A                                                               
certificates are  working full time to  support language programs                                                               
in addition to other jobs.                                                                                                      
CHAIR STEVENS asked DEED to provide a response.                                                                                 
8:41:37 AM                                                                                                                    
BOB   WILLIAMS,  Director,   Educator   and  School   Excellence,                                                               
Department of  Education and Early Development  (DEED), testified                                                               
on HB  102. He said  DEED supports immersion schools  and efforts                                                               
to revitalize  Alaska Native  languages. HB  102 does  raise some                                                               
concerns. It  changes the specific  nature of the  subject matter                                                               
expert  certificate into  a certificate  that makes  a teacher  a                                                               
subject matter expert at any  grade level and subject by speaking                                                               
a  different  language without  providing  DEED  a mechanism  for                                                               
checking the competency of the  teaching in that subject or grade                                                               
level unless  the competency exam  is in the world  language. The                                                               
bill does say that the  State Board can require academic training                                                               
for the limited  teaching certificate by regulation  but in their                                                               
conversations,   it  seems   to  preclude   the  requirement   of                                                               
completion or enrollment of a teacher preparation program.                                                                      
8:43:05 AM                                                                                                                    
MR. WILLIAMS said  they have mechanisms in place to  meet many of                                                               
these needs. The  Type M allows individuals  with specific skills                                                               
to teach specific  skill areas and does not  require a bachelor's                                                               
degree.  Applicants must  document expertise,  be sponsored  by a                                                               
school  district, complete  the mandatory  trainings, and  pass a                                                               
background  check. The  renewable certificate  is valid  for five                                                               
years. Those skills currently are  military science, Junior ROTC,                                                               
Alaska  Native  language or  culture,  and  career and  technical                                                               
education. That can  get Native speakers into  the classroom. The                                                               
Type I, the  instructional aide or the  associate teacher, allows                                                               
individuals with  skills in  Alaska Native  language and  who are                                                               
also enrolled in a teacher  preparation program that will lead to                                                               
a  bachelor's degree,  to teach  Alaska Native  language and  the                                                               
content covered in the teacher preparation program.                                                                             
MR. WILLIAMS said  that applicants must be sponsored  by a school                                                               
district,  be  enrolled  in a  teacher  preparation  program,  be                                                               
supervised  and mentored  by a  certified  teacher, complete  the                                                               
mandatory trainings,  and pass  a background  check. It  is valid                                                               
for one  year and is renewable.  The Type I can  be extended when                                                               
the  applicant  documents  the  progress  made  to  complete  the                                                               
teacher   preparation  program   and  bachelor's   degree.  Lower                                                               
Kuskokwim  School  District is  doing  this  with many  of  their                                                               
immersion schools.  Those mechanisms  can help meet  those needs.                                                               
Sondra  Meredith  will testify  about  how  the State  Board  has                                                               
responded   to  immersion   schools   with  a   Type  W   limited                                                               
8:45:22 AM                                                                                                                    
SONDRA   MEREDITH,    Administrator,   Teacher    Education   and                                                               
Certification,  Department  of  Education and  Early  Development                                                               
(DEED), testified on HB 102. She  said the Type W, which was just                                                               
adopted and  will go  into effect next  year, will  address those                                                               
native speakers from  outside of the United States  who were able                                                               
to  qualify for  an initial  certification but  did not  pass the                                                               
Praxis 1  basic competency exam at  the end of year.  The limited                                                               
Type W will  remedy that kind of situation.  The basic competency                                                               
exam  will be  broken into  three areas.  Those individuals  with                                                               
expertise in  language must  still take the  math in  English but                                                               
can  substitute  a language-specific  exam  for  the writing  and                                                               
reading. Those individuals must have  or be enrolled in a teacher                                                               
preparation program  and have a  bachelor's degree. It is  a step                                                               
to  remedy a  situation  by bringing  more  native speakers  into                                                               
8:46:59 AM                                                                                                                    
CHAIR  STEVENS  said  the  committee needs  more  time  with  the                                                               
sponsor and the department to fully  vet the bill. He held HB 102                                                               
in committee.                                                                                                                   

Document Name Date/Time Subjects
01_HB102 Bill Packet_Basic.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
HB 102
02_HB102 Existing Policy Documents.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
HB 102
03_HB102 Research Articles.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
HB 102
04_HB102 Support Letters.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
HB 102
05_HB102 Opposition Letter.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
HB 102
SB188 Bill Text_ VersionA.PDF SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188 Sponsor Statement.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188 Sectional Analysis_VersionA.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- National Board Certifcation and Teacher Effectiveness- Evidence from Washington (2015, Washington).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- National Board for Professional Teaching Standards Certification-What Legislatures Need to Know (2011, NCSL).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- New Studies Affirm Impact of Board-Certified Teachers (2015, Education Week).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- Retaining South Carolina Teachers Through National Board Certification (2018, CERRA).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- SDP Human Capital Diagnostic- Los Angeles Unified School District (2012, Harvard University).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- State Incentive Chart (2017, National Board for Professional Teaching Standards).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- The Impact of National Board Certification on Burnout Levels in Educators (Pucella, 2011).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_Supporting Document- The Impact of National Board Certified Teachers- Mississippi (2017, MSU).pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_TeachersBoardCertIncentives_FiscalNote1_DEED_ACPE.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188
SB188_TeachersBoardCertIncentives_FiscalNote2_DEED_EdSupport_AdminServices.pdf SEDC 4/6/2018 8:00:00 AM
SB 188