History: Eff. 5/14/89, Register 110

Authority: AS 18.63.040

AS 18.63.060

8 AAC 61.825. Duration of training program approval

(a) The department's approval of a training program is valid for one year after the date of approval unless the department withdraws approval of the program under 8 AAC 61.875.

(b) The department will renew its approval of a training program for a period of one year if the applicant submits

(1) a new application that meets the requirements of 8 AAC 61.815;

(2) a description of the changes made to the current approved program and the reasons for the changes; or

(3) an affidavit stating that no changes in the program have occurred.

History: Eff. 5/14/89, Register 110

Authority: AS 18.63.040

AS 18.63.060

8 AAC 61.830. Department notification and monitoring of training programs

(a) The operator of a training program approved under 8 AAC 61.800 - 8 AAC 61.890 shall notify the department at least three working days before a training course is scheduled to begin. The notification must set out the date, time, and address where the training will be conducted.

(b) A representative of the department will, in the department's discretion, attend a training course as an observer to verify that the training course is conducted in accordance with the program approved under 8 AAC 61.810.

(c) The training instructor shall within 10 working days after completion of each training class, send a report to the department which lists the trainees who passed the course. This report must also include a brief evaluation of the course. This report may be used by the training program operator to request changes to the program under 8 AAC 61.835.

History: Eff. 5/14/89, Register 110

Authority: AS 18.63.040

AS 18.63.060

8 AAC 61.835. Changes to an approved training program

(a) A significant change to an approved training program, such as a change in instructor or a major revision to the curriculum, must be approved by the department.

(b) If a change in state or federal occupational safety and health painting regulations occurs, the department will notify the operator of an approved training program of the change. The training program operator then must incorporate the change into the next scheduled training course.

(c) A training program shall include state-of-the-art information; a training program operator shall update the training program accordingly.

History: Eff. 5/14/89, Register 110

Authority: AS 18.63.040

AS 18.63.060

8 AAC 61.840. Minimum instructor qualifications

(a) An instructor of a training course approved under 8 AAC 61.800 - 8 AAC 61.890 must be a person who

(1) has at least five years' experience in applying paints, including at least one year of experience in applying hazardous paints;

(2) has provided instruction for at least five years in the abatement of health hazards, including instruction in engineering controls and personal protective equipment;

(3) is an industrial hygienist with at least five years' experience or is certified by the American Board of Industrial Hygiene; or

(4) has at least five years of experience as a safety professional.

(b) Nothing in this section prevents a person who does not meet the requirements of this section from assisting a qualified instructor in conducting a training course, except that the qualified instructor must be present at all times during the training course.

(c) The department will, in its discretion, require proof that an instructor meets the minimum qualifications in (a) of this section.

(d) In this section,

(1) "industrial hygienist" means a person who has a bachelor of science degree in an environmental or health-related science with training in chemistry and toxicology, and specific training and experience in occupational health hazards, their recognition, abatement, and control;

(2) "safety professional" means a person who, by virtue of specialized knowledge and skill, has achieved professional status in the safety field.

History: Eff. 5/14/89, Register 110

Authority: AS 18.63.040

AS 18.63.060

8 AAC 61.845. Training course requirements

(a) A training course conducted under 8 AAC 61.800 - 8 AAC 61.890 must be conducted in Alaska, must be given using language and nomenclature commonly used by painters, and must provide 16 hours of instruction and testing, including instruction on the following:

(1) an explanation of AS 18.63.010 - 18.63.100 and 8 AAC 61.800 - 8 AAC 61.890, regarding hazardous paint certification, emphasizing the responsibilities of a certificate holder;

(2) an introduction to the terms commonly used in the painting industry and to some of the current technology used in applying paints, including

(A) definitions of paint components such as pigments, vehicles, binders, thinners, solvents, and paint additives;

(B) discussion of methods used to apply paints, such as by brush, roller, air and airless spray equipment, electrostatic equipment, and dip and flow coating; and

(C) discussion of types of paint drying and curing methods, such as solvent evaporation, air and moisture curing, and catalytic action, heat conversion, and chemical crosslinking;

(3) training on how to interpret container labels and the material safety data sheets (MSDSs) that are available for hazardous materials, including an explanation of

(A) the warning signal words "caution," "warning," and "danger" printed on container labels;

(B) the format of an MSDS and the common terms and physical data concepts that are listed on a typical MSDS for a paint product;

(C) how to use the information on the container label and the MSDS to determine proper handling, storage, and clean-up of the product;

(4) training on how to use other reference materials, such as the NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards; the ACGIH TLVs for Chemical Substances in the Work Environment, the Alliance of American Insurers' Handbook of Industrial Solvents and Handbook of Hazardous Materials; and the National Paint and Coating Association's Hazardous Materials Identification System;

(5) instruction on determining the hazardous chemicals found in commercially available products and the potential risk and symptoms of overexposure for each, by reviewing container labels, MSDSs, and the NIOSH (National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health) Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards;

(6) a general discussion of the medical aspects of exposure to painting and coating processes with emphasis on solvent-induced neurotoxicity;

(7) an explanation of the impact that drugs and alcohol might have on the toxic effects of solvents and paints and their impact on the rate of removal of toxic substances from the body;

(8) information on the medical tests that are available to detect illnesses that might be caused by exposure to paints;

(9) training on the types of hazard controls that should be used when applying paints, including

(A) substitution of less hazardous paints;

(B) engineering controls;

(C) administrative controls; and

(D) personal protective equipment (PPE);

(10) training on prevention of fire and explosion hazards from sparks or ignition sources when using solvent-based paints;

(11) training on clean-up procedures including safe methods for cleaning skin, hair, and clothing, and methods for cleaning up spills of hazardous materials.

(b) Each trainee must be provided with the following practical training:

(1) methods of ventilation that can be used to minimize or eliminate exposure to hazardous and toxic chemicals of the painter, other workers, and the public; this training should include

(A) methods that can be used to assure adequate airflow in a work area, including adequate exhaust; the relationship between the ventilation source and the work being performed; adequate ventilation of the worker's breathing zone; and adequate supply of make-up air;

(B) use of general dilution ventilation and local exhaust ventilation;

(C) methods of ventilation of temporary work sites, including

(i) setting up a proper push/pull ventilation system;

(ii) using doorway supply fans and proper painting sequence, depending on the location of the fan;

(iii) selecting the proper air flow directions for various room sizes and shapes;

(iv) identifying and correcting improper fan set-ups; and

(v) using jobsite warning signs and public notification;

(D) methods of ventilation of permanent work sites and how to properly use and maintain spray booths and spray rooms;

(E) methods of ventilation and safety procedures for confined-space entry, including

(i) methods of testing for toxic gases and the level of oxygen present in a confined space;

(ii) isolation methods such as locking out of electrical service, and blanking, blinding, and misalignment of pneumatic and hydraulic lines;

(iii) methods that can be used to remove residual toxic substances from inside the confined space whenever possible before beginning work;

(iv) standby rescue and emergency procedures; and

(v) establishing communications protocols and buddy systems;

(F) potential for overexposure in exterior painting, and the criteria needed to determine if there is adequate natural ventilation; and

(G) the requirements of Alaska occupational safety and health regulations in this chapter for air monitoring for chemical exposures;

(2) training in the proper use of respiratory protective equipment, including

(A) proper selection of respirators, including dust, half-mask and full-face, air purifying, and supplied air respirators;

(B) use of the NIOSH Pocket Guide, container labels and MSDSs, to determine the proper respirators to be used for specific hazardous materials;

(C) the use of air purifying respirators, including qualitative fit tests for half masks and full-face respirators;

(D) conducting a self-administered qualitative fit test that can be done in the field, including positive and negative pressure checks;

(E) selecting proper cartridges and filters, and methods that can be used to predict the life of the cartridges and filters;

(F) using an air-supplied system, including the risk of oil and carbon monoxide contamination; the need for filters and carbon monoxide and emergency shut-off alarms; and the need for an emergency contingency plan;

(G) recognizing inappropriate or damaged respiratory protective equipment; and

(H) disassembling, cleaning, maintaining, and donning an air purifying respirator;

(3) wearing an air purifying respirator for at least one hour during the practical training portion of the course;

(4) training in the proper use and selection of personal protective clothing and eye protection, including

(A) using the ACGIH Guidelines for the Selection of Chemical Protective Clothing or safety equipment manufacturers' or distributors' catalogues and reference materials to determine the proper gloves, chemical protective clothing, and eye protection that should be used for specific hazardous paints;

(B) using barrier creams on exposed skin to protect the skin and to facilitate clean-up of exposed parts of the body without the need to use solvents.

(c) Each trainee must become familiar with

(1) Alaska occupational safety and health standards regulations, subch. 1, para. 0105(c)(4), sec. 0403, and sec. 0501; subch. 4, sec. 0101 and 0103; and subch. 5, sec. 250, as adopted by reference in 8 AAC 61.010;

(2) the requirements of subch. 15, Hazard Communications Code, Alaska occupational safety and health standards, as adopted by reference in 8 AAC 61.010; and

(3) the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's certification requirements for persons who apply and handle wood preservative chemicals.

(d) The operator of a training program may require that a trainee have medical approval before being provided with hands-on training in the use of a self-contained breathing apparatus.

(e) The operator of a training program shall provide the following materials to each trainee, to be kept by the trainee for future reference:

(1) A copy of the Alaska occupational safety and health regulations listed in (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section;

(2) a copy of 8 AAC 61.800 - 8 AAC 61.890;

(3) an example of an MSDS for a typical paint containing hazardous materials;

(4) a brochure, available from the department, on the health effects of paints and coatings;

(5) a list of substances that should not be spray-applied;

(6) a list of substances that are known to absorb through the skin.