Sec. 40.25.140. Confidentiality of library records.
(a) Except as provided in (b) of this section, the names, addresses, or other personal identifying information of people who have used materials made available to the public by a library shall be kept confidential, except upon court order, and are not subject to inspection under AS 40.25.110 or 40.25.120. This section applies to libraries operated by the state, a municipality, or a public school, including the University of Alaska.
(b) Records of a public elementary or secondary school library identifying a minor child shall be made available on request to a parent or guardian of that child.
Sec. 40.25.151. Confidentiality of retirement records.
(a) Except as provided in (b) - (d) of this section, public records, including electronic services and products involving public records, containing information about a person and maintained under AS 14.25, AS 22.25, AS 26.05.222 - 26.05.229, AS 39.35, or former AS 39.37 shall be kept confidential and are not subject to inspection or copying under AS 40.25.110 - 40.25.120.
(b) Records described in (a) of this section concerning a person who is a member or former member of a state retirement system who is still living may only be released to
(1) the person or the person's guardian;
(2) the person's employer or former employer;
(3) a state agency authorized to obtain confidential information;
(4) another person if the person has
(A) written authorization for release from the affected member or former member or the member's or former member's guardian; or
(B) a court order or subpoena to obtain the information.
(c) Records described in (a) of this section concerning a member or former member of a state retirement system who is deceased or a deceased member's named beneficiary may only be released to
(1) the member's named beneficiary or the beneficiary's guardian;
(2) the member's or former member's former employer;
(3) a state agency authorized to obtain confidential information;
(4) the personal representative of the member's or former member's estate;
(5) another person if the person has
(A) written authorization for release from the member or former member, the member's named beneficiary, or the personal representative of the member's or former member's estate; or
(B) a court order or subpoena to secure the information.
(d) The name and address of a living person who is a member or former member of a state retirement system may be released to a retirement organization representing persons receiving benefits under a state retirement system if the retirement organization is affiliated with an organization representing employees of the employer under AS 23.40.070 - 23.40.260 (Public Employment Relations Act).
(e) In this section, "state retirement system" means the teachers' retirement system under AS 14.25, the judicial retirement system under AS 22.25, the retirement system for members of the national guard under AS 26.05.222 - 26.05.229, the public employees' retirement system under AS 39.35, or the elected public officers retirement system under former AS 39.37.
Sec. 40.25.220. Definitions for AS 40.25.100 - 40.25.295.
In AS 40.25.100 - 40.25.295, unless the context otherwise requires,
(1) "electronic services and products" means computer-related services and products provided by a public agency, including
(A) electronic manipulation of the data contained in public records in order to tailor the data to the person's request or to develop a product that meets the person's request;
(B) duplicating public records in alternative formats not used by a public agency, providing periodic updates of an electronic file or data base, or duplicating an electronic file or data base from a geographic information system;
(C) providing on-line access to an electronic file or data base;
(D) providing information that cannot be retrieved or generated by the existing computer programs of the public agency;
(E) providing functional electronic access to the information system of the public agency; in this subparagraph, "functional access" includes the capability for alphanumeric query and printing, graphic query and plotting, nongraphic data input and analysis, and graphic data input and analysis;
(F) providing software developed by a public agency or developed by a private contractor for a public agency;
(G) generating maps or other standard or customized products from an electronic geographic information system;
(2) "public agency" means a political subdivision, department, institution, board, commission, division, authority, public corporation, council, committee, or other instrumentality of the state or a municipality; "public agency" includes the University of Alaska and the Alaska Railroad Corporation;
(3) "public records" means books, papers, files, accounts, writings, including drafts and memorializations of conversations, and other items, regardless of format or physical characteristics, that are developed or received by a public agency, or by a private contractor for a public agency, and that are preserved for their informational value or as evidence of the organization or operation of the public agency; "public records" does not include proprietary software programs.
Sec. 40.25.295. Short title.
AS 40.25.100 - 40.25.295 may be cited as the Alaska Public Records Act.
Article 02. PERSONAL INFORMATION IN STATE PUBLIC RECORDS
Sec. 40.25.300. Notice regarding personal information.
(a) When a state agency requests personal information that may be included in a public record directly from the person who is the subject of the information, the agency shall give the person a written notice at the time of the request that states
(1) the name and address of the agency;
(2) the citation of the statute or regulation that authorizes the agency to request the information;
(3) a statement indicating whether the person is required to supply the information;
(4) the consequences to the person, if any, of not providing all or part of the requested information;
(5) a statement of the agency's anticipated uses of the information, including the agency's internal uses of the information and disclosure of the information to other state agencies;
(6) the fact that the information may be subject to inspection and copying under AS 40.25.110 - 40.25.120; and
(7) a statement summarizing how a person may challenge under AS 40.25.310 the accuracy or completeness of personal information maintained by a state agency.
(b) An agency may provide the written notice required under (a) of this section by
(1) placing the notice on the form used to request the information from the person;
(2) giving the person the notice on a separate sheet that accompanies the form used to request the information from the person;
(3) giving the person a statement in a pamphlet, booklet, manual, or other printed matter at the time the information on the person is requested; or
(4) prominently posting a sign containing the notice in a prominent location so that the sign can be easily observed and read by the person at the time the information is requested.
(c) This section does not apply to a request for information on a person if
(1) the request is made by a peace officer; in this paragraph, "peace officer" has the meaning given in AS 01.10.060 ;
(2) the person is the agency's employee;
(3) the information is related to litigation;
(4) the information is being collected by a public agency when investigating a possible violation of law; or
(5) the information is not subject to inspection and copying under AS 40.25.110 - 40.25.120, even if the information is eventually subject to inspection and copying under AS 18.50.310 (f).
Sec. 40.25.310. Information accuracy and completeness.
(a) A person who is the subject of personal information that is maintained by a state agency and subject to public disclosure under AS 40.25.110 - 40.25.140 may challenge the accuracy or completeness of the personal information.
(b) To challenge the accuracy or completeness of personal information under (a) of this section, the person must file with the state agency a written request that the personal information be changed. The request must provide
(1) a description of the challenged personal information;
(2) the changes necessary to make the personal information accurate or complete; and
(3) the person's name and the address where the department may contact the person.
(c) Within 30 days after receiving a written request made under (b) of this section, the state agency may request verification of the disputed personal information from the person who made the request.
(d) Within 30 days after receiving the written request under (b) of this section or the verification under (c) of this section, the state agency shall review the request and
(1) change the personal information according to the request and notify the person in writing of the change; or
(2) deny the request and notify the person in writing of the reasons for the decision and the name, title, and business address of the person who denied the request.
(e) If a request is denied under (d) of this section, the person may provide to the state agency a concise written statement that states the person's reasons for disagreeing with the decision. The state agency shall maintain in its records the request made under (b) of this section and the statement provided by the person under this subsection. On all of the state agency's records that contain the disputed information, the state agency shall clearly note which portions of the records are disputed. If the record is in electronic form, the state agency may note the dispute in one field of the electronic form and maintain the other information about the dispute in paper form.
(f) This section does not apply to criminal intelligence or criminal investigative records, criminal justice information under AS 12.62, state agency personnel or retirement system records, records of applicants for employment with the state agency, or information in documents recorded under AS 40.17.
Sec. 40.25.350. Definitions.
In AS 40.25.300 - 40.25.350,
(1) "person" means an individual;
(2) "personal information" means information that can be used to identify a person and from which judgments can be made about a person's character, habits, avocations, finances, occupation, general reputation, credit, health, or other personal characteristics, but does not include a person's name, address, or telephone number, if the number is published in a current telephone directory, or information describing a public job held by a person;
(3) "state agency"
(A) means a department, institution, board, commission, division, authority, public corporation, committee, or other administrative unit of the executive, judicial, or legislative branch of state government, including the University of Alaska;
(B) does not include the Alaska Railroad Corporation.
[Repealed, Sec. 4 ch 120 SLA 1971. For current law, see AS 44.46 and AS 46.03].
Sec. 41.05.010. - 41.05.030l Hydrological data. [Repealed, Sec. 4 ch 41 SLA 1977. For current law, see AS 41.08.017 , 41.08.020(b) and 41.08.035].
Repealed or Renumbered
Sec. 41.05.040. - 41.05.100l Mineral resources. [Renumbered as AS 41.98.010 - 41.98.100].
Repealed or Renumbered
Sec. 41.06.005. Jurisdiction over geothermal resources.
(a) The commission has jurisdiction under this chapter over geothermal wells to prevent waste, to protect correlative rights, and to ensure public safety.
(b) The Department of Natural Resources has jurisdiction under this chapter over management of geothermal leases and units in the public interest and to effect development.
Sec. 41.06.010. Waste prohibited; investigation.
The waste of geothermal resources in the state is prohibited. The commission may investigate to determine whether waste exists or is imminent, or whether other facts exist that justify or require action by the commission to prohibit waste.
Sec. 41.06.020. Authority of commission; application.
(a) The commission has jurisdiction over all persons and property, public and private, necessary to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter.
(b) The authority of the commission applies to all land in the state lawfully subject to the police power of the state, including private land, municipal land, state land, land of the United States, and land subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, and to all land included in a voluntary cooperative or unit plan of development or operation entered into in accordance with AS 38.05.181 . When land that is subject to the commission's authority is committed to a unit agreement involving land subject to federal jurisdiction, the operation of this chapter or a part of this chapter may be suspended if
(1) the unit operations are regulated by the United States; and
(2) the conservation of geothermal resources is accomplished under the unit agreement.
(c) This chapter applies
(1) to wells drilled in search of, in support of, or for the recovery or production of geothermal resources;
(2) when a person engaged in drilling activity not otherwise subject to the provisions of this chapter encounters geothermal resources, fluid, or water of sufficient heat or pressure to constitute a threat to human life or health unless the drilling operation is subject to oil and gas drilling regulation under AS 31.05;
(3) in areas and under conditions in which the commission determines that drilling may encounter geothermal resources, fluid, or water of sufficient heat or pressure to constitute a threat to human life or health.
(d) To the extent the provisions of AS 31.05 do not conflict with the provisions of this chapter, the provisions of AS 31.05 are applicable to wells drilled in search of, in support of, or for the recovery or production of geothermal resources.
(e) Nothing in this chapter limits the authority of the department
(1) over geothermal resources under AS 38.05.181 ; or
(2) to approve and manage geothermal units or operations that include state land.
Sec. 41.06.030. Unitization.
(a) The commissioner shall require the filing and approval of a plan of development and operation on a geothermal system that includes state land.
(b) Lessees of all or part of a geothermal system that includes state land may enter into a unit agreement for cooperative development, with the approval of the commissioner. The commissioner may suspend or modify the approved development plan in accordance with the unit agreement.
(c) If the owners of at least two-thirds of the leasehold interests in a geothermal system ratify a unit agreement approved under (b) of this section by the commissioner, the commissioner may enforce the agreement as to lessees not a party to the agreement by allocating production under the principle of correlative rights and by apportioning costs and revenues.
(d) [Repealed, Sec. 18 ch 38 SLA 2010].
(e) The commissioner may adopt regulations under AS 44.62 to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter for duties assigned to the department, including the promotion of maximum economic recovery.
Sec. 41.06.035. Reservoir management; commission's regulations.
(a) The commission may issue well-spacing and pooling orders, place limits on production, and impose reinjection requirements for the purpose of preventing waste and to protect correlative rights in a geothermal system.
(b) The commission may adopt regulations under AS 44.62 and issue orders appropriate to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter for duties assigned to the commission, including orders regarding the establishment of drilling units for pools as set out in AS 31.05.100 and orders regarding unitized operation and integration of interests as set out in AS 31.05.110 .
Sec. 41.06.040. Regulations; requirements; inspections.
(a) The commission shall adopt regulations under AS 44.62 (Administrative Procedure Act), issue orders, and take other appropriate action to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter, including adopting regulations to prevent
(1) geothermal resources, water or other fluids, and gases from escaping into strata other than that in which they are found, unless in accordance with an approved reinjection program;
(2) contamination of surface and groundwater;
(3) premature degradation of a geothermal system by water encroachment or otherwise;
(4) blowouts, cavings, and seepage; and
(5) unreasonable disturbance or injury to neighboring properties, prior water rights, prior oil or gas rights, human life, health, and the natural environment.
(b) The commission shall require the operator of a geothermal well to file an adequate individual or blanket surety bond to ensure compliance with regulations adopted under this section.
(c) The commission shall require a geothermal operator to notify the commission if the operator discovers significant quantities of hydrocarbon substances, helium, or fissionable materials.
(d) The commission and its staff may enter upon any property, public or private, to inspect a geothermal operation for compliance with regulations adopted under this section.
(e) [Repealed, Sec. 18 ch 38 SLA 2010].