00 HOUSE BILL NO. 132 01 "An Act relating to sentencing for certain crimes committed against the elderly; and 02 providing for an effective date." 03 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA: 04 * Section 1. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section 05 to read: 06 INTENT; FINDINGS. (a) It is the intent of the legislature to further the important 07 state interest of deterring and punishing persons who commit crimes against the elderly. 08 (b) The legislature finds that 09 (1) the number of the elderly is rapidly growing in this state and will double, 10 or possibly triple, by 2018; 11 (2) the elderly are particularly vulnerable to crimes against the person under 12 AS 11.41; 13 (3) the elderly suffer more physical and emotional harm from these crimes 14 than do younger victims; 01 (4) theft and fraud are serious problems in this state, and certain types of 02 schemes that defraud, such as telemarketing fraud, are specifically targeted at the elderly; 03 (5) the elderly are often on fixed incomes with a limited financial ability to 04 recover from fraud, leaving them vulnerable to larger fiscal effects of schemes, such as loss of 05 a home or inability to pay creditors; and 06 (6) being a crime victim can have a devastating emotional impact on the 07 elderly in the state. 08 * Sec. 2. AS 12.55 is amended by adding a new section to read: 09 Sec. 12.55.136. Penalties for crimes against the elderly. (a) If a person 10 commits a crime specified in (b) of this section and the victim was 65 years of age or 11 older at the time of the crime, the crime and the penalty for conviction of that crime 12 are increased so that a crime that would otherwise be a 13 (1) class B misdemeanor is a class A misdemeanor; 14 (2) class A misdemeanor is a class C felony; 15 (3) class C felony is a class B felony; 16 (4) class B felony is a class A felony. 17 (b) The provisions of (a) of this section apply to the following crimes: 18 (1) a misdemeanor violation of AS 11.41; 19 (2) theft in violation of AS 11.46.100 - 11.46.210; 20 (3) fraudulent use of an access device in violation of AS 11.46.285; 21 (4) obtaining an access device or identification document by fraudulent 22 means in violation of AS 11.46.290; 23 (5) burglary in violation of AS 11.46.300 - AS 11.46.310; 24 (6) criminal mischief in the third, fourth, or fifth degree in violation of 25 AS 11.46.482 - 11.46.486; 26 (7) forgery in violation of AS 11.46.500 - 11.46.510; 27 (8) obtaining a signature by deception in violation of AS 11.46.540; 28 (9) criminal impersonation in violation of AS 11.46.565 - 11.46.570; 29 (10) scheme to defraud in violation of AS 11.46.600; 30 (11) misapplication of property in violation of AS 11.46.620; 31 (12) misrepresentation of use of a propelled vehicle in violation of 01 AS 11.46.720; 02 (13) criminal use of a computer in violation of AS 11.46.740. 03 * Sec. 3. The uncodified law of the State of Alaska is amended by adding a new section to 04 read: 05 APPLICABILITY. The changes made in sec. 2 of this Act apply to offenses 06 committed on or after the effective date of this Act. 07 * Sec. 4. This Act takes effect July 1, 2005.