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28th Legislature(2013-2014)

Bill Text 28th Legislature


00 Enrolled SCR 13                                                                                                         
01 Urging the governor to establish and support programs designed to eradicate the occurrence of                           
02 fetal alcohol spectrum disorder from the state.                                                                         
03                                          _______________                                                                
04 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                             
05      WHEREAS fetal alcohol spectrum disorder permanently alters a child's cognitive                                   
06 abilities; and                                                                                                          
07      WHEREAS fetal alcohol spectrum disorder has been identified as a pervasive and                                   
08 chronic driver of numerous social challenges throughout the state; and                                                  
09      WHEREAS the occurrence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the state is                                        
10 preventable; and                                                                                                        
11      WHEREAS each child born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder costs the state as                                  
12 much as $4,200,000 during the child's lifetime; and                                                                     
13      WHEREAS Alaska has the highest documented prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum                                   
14 disorders in the United States; and                                                                                     
15      WHEREAS, according to the Alaska Maternal and Child Health Data Book, the                                      
16 overall prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in the state is 112.9 for each 10,000 live                       
17 births; and                                                                                                             
01      WHEREAS, while the state currently maintains a high quality diagnostic system for                                
02 fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, further advancement in rapid assessment and neonatal                                   
03 screening capability is needed; and                                                                                     
04      WHEREAS, in 2012, the legislature passed legislation making the existence of fetal                             
05 alcohol spectrum disorder a mitigating factor for criminal sentencing; and                                              
06      WHEREAS using fetal alcohol spectrum disorder as a mitigating factor at criminal                                 
07 sentencing is currently being hindered by the lack of available, effective, and timely fetal                            
08 alcohol spectrum disorder screening within the Department of Corrections; and                                           
09      WHEREAS misconceptions continue to exist regarding the causal factors and lifelong                               
10 effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder; and                                                                         
11      WHEREAS, according to research conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental                                     
12 Health Service Administration, 90 percent of women stop drinking once they learn they are                               
13 pregnant; and                                                                                                           
14      WHEREAS, because the highest risk of fetal exposure to alcohol occurs during the                               
15 time between conception and knowledge of the pregnancy, it is critical that a woman learns                              
16 that she is pregnant as early as possible in the gestational period; and                                                
17      WHEREAS the state presently lacks sufficient residential substance abuse treatment                               
18 services focusing on women who are pregnant and experiencing alcohol or drug addiction, or                              
19 both; and                                                                                                               
20      WHEREAS the occurrence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the state can be                                    
21 eradicated through focused efforts and effective collaboration;                                                         
22      BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the governor to establish                                 
23 and to support programs designed to eradicate the occurrence of fetal alcohol spectrum                                  
24 disorder from the state; and be it                                                                                      
25      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature supports a strong public                                      
26 awareness campaign designed to inform, move, and motivate state residents in an effort to                               
27 prevent the occurrence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the state; and be it                                       
28      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature supports programs that                                        
29 will minimize the risk of fetal exposure to alcohol; and be it                                                          
30      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature encourages the governor                                       
31 to increase the capability of rapid screening for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder within the                            
01 Department of Corrections and the Department of Health and Social Services; and be it                                   
02      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature encourages the governor                                       
03 to take actions to expand residential substance abuse treatment services in the state for women                         
04 who are pregnant and concurrently experiencing alcohol and drug addiction challenges,                                   
05 including exploring appropriate partnerships to prioritize the admission of pregnant women                              
06 into homes operated by the Indian Health Service for the care of women.                                                 
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