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28th Legislature(2013-2014)

Bill Text 28th Legislature


00 Enrolled SJR 3                                                                                                          
01 Urging the United States Congress to pass legislation to open the coastal plain of the Arctic                           
02 National Wildlife Refuge to oil and gas exploration, development, and production; urging the                            
03 United States Department of the Interior to recognize the private property rights of owners of                          
04 land in and adjacent to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; relating to oil and gas                                    
05 exploration, development, production, and royalties; and relating to renewable and alternative                          
06 energy technologies.                                                                                                    
07                                           _______________                                                               
08 BE IT RESOLVED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF ALASKA:                                                             
09      WHEREAS, in 16 U.S.C. 3142 (sec. 1002 of the Alaska National Interest Lands                                      
10 Conservation Act), the United States Congress reserved the right to permit further oil and gas                          
11 exploration, development, and production within the coastal plain of the Arctic National                                
12 Wildlife Refuge; and                                                                                                    
13      WHEREAS the oil industry, the state, and the United States Department of the                                     
14 Interior consider the coastal plain to have the highest potential for discovery of very large oil                       
15 and gas accumulations on the continent of North America, estimated to be as much as                                     
01 10,000,000,000 barrels of recoverable oil; and                                                                          
02      WHEREAS the "1002 study area" is part of the coastal plain located within the North                              
03 Slope Borough, and many of the residents of the North Slope Borough, who are                                            
04 predominantly Inupiat, are supportive of development in the "1002 study area"; and                                      
05      WHEREAS oil and gas exploration and development of the coastal plain of the refuge                               
06 and adjacent land could result in major discoveries that would reduce our nation's dependency                           
07 on oil produced by hostile foreign nations, help balance the nation's trade deficit, and                                
08 significantly increase the nation's security; and                                                                       
09      WHEREAS the state's and the nation's future energy independence would be                                         
10 enhanced with additional natural gas production from the North Slope of Alaska, including                               
11 what are expected to be significant gas reserves in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and                            
12 the development of those reserves would enhance the economic viability of the proposed                                  
13 Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline; and                                                                                        
14      WHEREAS domestic demand for energy continues to rise, and the United States                                      
15 continues to depend on imports of oil from foreign sources; and                                                         
16      WHEREAS development of oil at Prudhoe Bay, Kuparuk, Endicott, Lisburne, and                                      
17 Milne Point has resulted in thousands of jobs throughout the United States, and projected job                           
18 creation as a result of coastal plain oil development will have a positive effect in all 50 states;                     
19 and                                                                                                                     
20      WHEREAS North Slope production is declining; and                                                                 
21      WHEREAS the Trans Alaska Pipeline System, a national asset that would cost                                       
22 billions of dollars to replace, would have its useful physical life extended for a substantial                          
23 period if the additional reserves of recoverable oil from the coastal plain were produced; and                          
24      WHEREAS the Trans Alaska Pipeline System is currently being extended to leases at                                
25 Point Thomson, an area bordering the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and oil produced in                               
26 the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge would require only the additional construction of a                                 
27 pipeline to Point Thomson to deliver oil to market; and                                                                 
28      WHEREAS, while new oil field developments on the North Slope of Alaska may                                       
29 temporarily slow the decline in production, only allowing access to the state's coastal plain                           
30 fields would enable the production volume of Alaska oil to increase to a significant degree;                            
31 and                                                                                                                     
01      WHEREAS opening the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge now                                     
02 allows sufficient time for planning environmental safeguards, development, and national                                 
03 security review; and                                                                                                    
04      WHEREAS the 1,500,000-acre coastal plain of the refuge makes up less than eight                                  
05 percent of the 19,000,000-acre refuge, and development of the oil and gas reserves in the                               
06 refuge's coastal plain would affect a limited area as defined by the United States Congress;                            
07 and                                                                                                                     
08      WHEREAS 8,900,000 of the 19,000,000 acres of the refuge have already been set                                    
09 aside as wilderness; and                                                                                                
10      WHEREAS the oil industry has shown at Prudhoe Bay, as well as at other locations                                 
11 along the Arctic coastal plain, that it is capable of conducting oil and gas activity without                           
12 adversely affecting the environment or wildlife populations; and                                                        
13      WHEREAS the state will continue to strive to ensure the ongoing health and                                       
14 productivity of the Porcupine and Central Arctic caribou herds and the protection of land,                              
15 water, and wildlife resources during the exploration and development of the coastal plain of                            
16 the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge; and                                                                                
17      WHEREAS the oil and gas industry has developed directional drilling technology that                              
18 will allow horizontal drilling in a responsible manner by minimizing the development                                    
19 footprint within the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and that directional drilling technology                          
20 may be capable of drilling from outside of the boundaries of the 1002 study area; and                                   
21      WHEREAS the oil industry is using innovative technology and environmental                                        
22 practices in new field developments, and those techniques are directly applicable to operating                          
23 on the coastal plain and would enhance environmental protection beyond traditionally high                               
24 standards; and                                                                                                          
25      WHEREAS the state recognizes that the economic prosperity of the state is dependent                              
26 on available, reliable, and affordable energy; and                                                                      
27      WHEREAS the state promotes the development of renewable and alternative energy                                   
28 resources and created the Alaska Energy Authority to assist the state in advancing new energy                           
29 projects and technology; and                                                                                            
30      WHEREAS the Alaska State Legislature encourages the use of revenue from                                          
31 development in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for the development of renewable and                                 
01 alternative energy resources in the state;                                                                              
02      BE IT RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States                                         
03 Congress to pass legislation to open the coastal plain of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge                           
04 to oil and gas exploration, development, and production; and be it                                                      
05      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges that oil and gas                                        
06 exploration, development, and production activity be conducted in a manner that protects the                            
07 environment and the naturally occurring population levels of the Porcupine caribou herd on                              
08 which the Inupiat, Gwich'in, and other local residents depend, that uses directional drilling                           
09 and other advances in technology to minimize the development footprint in the 1002 study                                
10 area, and that uses the state's work force to the maximum extent possible; and be it                                    
11      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States                                       
12 Congress to pass legislation opening the 1002 study area for oil and gas development while                              
13 continuing to work on measures for increasing the development and use of renewable and                                  
14 alternative energy technologies; and be it                                                                              
15      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature urges the United States                                       
16 Department of the Interior to recognize and respect the rights of Native landowners in and                              
17 adjacent to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge 1002 study area, including the rights of the                            
18 Arctic Slope Regional Corporation and the Kaktovik Inupiat Corporation to develop their land                            
19 and resource entitlements received under the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act and other                              
20 agreements; and be it                                                                                                 
21      FURTHER RESOLVED that the Alaska State Legislature opposes any unilateral                                        
22 reduction in royalty revenue from exploration and development of the coastal plain of the                               
23 Arctic National Wildlife Refuge and any attempt to coerce the state into accepting less than                            
24 the 90 percent of the oil, gas, and mineral royalties from the federal land in the state that was                       
25 promised to the state at statehood.                                                                                     
26      COPIES of this resolution shall be sent to the Honorable Barack Obama, President of                              
27 the United States; the Honorable Joseph R. Biden, Jr., Vice-President of the United States and                          
28 President of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Sally Jewell, United States Secretary of the                                
29 Interior; the Honorable John Boehner, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives; the                                 
30 Honorable Nancy Pelosi, Minority Leader of the U.S. House of Representatives; the                                       
31 Honorable Harry Reid, Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Mitch McConnell,                                
01 Minority Leader of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Ron Wyden, Chair of the Energy and                                    
02 Natural Resources Committee of the U.S. Senate; the Honorable Lisa Murkowski and the                                    
03 Honorable Mark Begich, U.S. Senators, and the Honorable Don Young, U.S. Representative,                                 
04 members of the Alaska delegation in Congress; and all other members of the 113th United                                 
05 States Congress.                                                                                                        
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